Medical Terminology Chapter 2

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jeanim
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221483
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Medical Terminology Chapter 2
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2013-05-28 16:56:25
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Vocab Review
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Vocab Review
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  1. anatomical position
    standard position of the body for the purpose of study.  Erect, head up, hands by the side with palms facing forward, and the legs are straight with toes pointing forward.
  2. anterior
    pertaining to the front of the body, an organ, or structure
  3. anteroposterior
    pertaining to the anterior section and then the posterior section of the body
  4. body system
    a way to study the body according to its structures and how they function
  5. cardiology
    medical specialty that deals with the cardiovascular system
  6. cardiovascular system
    body system that includes the heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries. It circulates the blood throughout the body
  7. dentistry
    medical specialty that deals with the teeth and gums
  8. dermatology
    medical specialty that deals with the integumentary system
  9. dietetics
    medical specialty that deals with nutrition, nutrients, foods, and diet
  10. dorsal
    pertaining to the posterior of the body, particularly the back. (supine)
  11. endocrine system
    body system that includes the pituitary gland, pineal gland, thyroid gland parathyroid gland, thymus, pancreas, adrenal glands, ovaries, and testes. It produces and secretes hormones into the blood that direct the activities of the body.
  12. endocrinology
    medical specialty that deals with the endocrine system
  13. gastroenterology
    medical specialty that deals with the gastrointestinal system
  14. gastrointestinal system
    body system that includes the mouth, teeth, tongue, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
  15. geriatrics
    medical specialty that deals with older adults
  16. gynecology
    medical specialty that deals with the famale genital system
  17. hematology
    medical specialty that deals with the blood
  18. immunology
    medical specialty that deals with the lymphatic system and the immune response
  19. integumentary system
  20. Body system that includes the skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, and oil glands. It receives sensory information for the sensations of pain, touch, and temperature. It protects the internal organs from infection and trauma. It regulates the body temperature by sweating.
  21. lymphatic system
    Body system that includes the lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, lymph fluid, spleen, thymus, and white blood cells. It recognizes and destroys disease-causing organisms and abnormal cells.
  22. macroscopic
    pertaining to structures that can be seen with the naked eye
  23. muscular system
    body system that includes the muscles and tendons.  It produces body movement
  24. neonatology
    medical specialty that deals with newborns
  25. nervous system
    Body system that includes the brain, cranial nerves, spinal cord, spinal nerves, cerebrospinal fluid, and neurons.  It receives, relays, and interprets sensory sensory information from the body for the sense of vision, hearing, smell, and taste and for the sensations of pain, touch, temperature, and body position. It coordinates body movement and stores and interprets memory and emotion.
  26. neurology
    medical specialty that deals with the nervous system
  27. obstetrics
    medical specialty that deals with the female reproductive system during pregnancy and childbirth
  28. oncology
    medical specialty that deals with cancer
  29. ophthalmology
    medical specialty that deals with the eyes.
  30. orthopedics
    medical specialty that deals with the skeletal system and muscular system
  31. otolaryngology
    medical specialty that deals with the ears, nose, and throat.
  32. pediatrics
    medical specialty that deals with infants and children
  33. pharmacology
    medical specialty that is related to the study of drugs used as medicines
  34. physiology
    the study of the function of the human body
  35. prone
    lying on the anterior surface of the body
  36. psychiatry
    medical specialty that deals with the mind
  37. pulmonology
    medical specialty that deals with the respiratory system
  38. radiology and nuclear medicine
    medical specialty that deals with he use of x-rays, sound waves, and other forms of radiation and energy to create images and diagnose disease
  39. reproductive system
    body system that, in the female, includes the breasts, ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, and external genitalia. It secretes hormones, produces ova, and regulates menstruation, pregnancy, and mild production from the breasts. In the male, it includes the scrotum, testes, epididymides, vas deferens, and seminal vesicles, prostrate gland, urethra, and penis
  40. respiratory system
    Body system that includes the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli. It inhales oxygen, exhales carbon dioxide, and exchanges gases in the alveoli.
  41. skeletal system
    Body system that includes the bones, cartilage, ligaments, and joints.
  42. urinary system
    body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra, and nephrons.
  43. urology
    medical specialty that deals with the urinary system
  44. ventral
    pertaining to the anterior of the body, particularly the abdomen
  45. viscera
    all of the internal organs in the body cavity

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