microbiology

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Author:
mattnjaneal
ID:
221514
Filename:
microbiology
Updated:
2013-05-28 18:54:10
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chapter one
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chapter 1
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  1. microbiology
    study of microorganisms or microbes, generally small organisms
  2. 6 types of microorganisms
    • 1. bacteria
    • 2.¬†algae
    • 3. protozoa
    • 4. fungi
    • 5. helminths
    • 6. viruses
  3. bacteria
    prokaryotes, lack a nucleus and membrane bound organelles
  4. algae
    photosynthetic (uses sunlight for energy), unicellular to large multicellular kelp
  5. protozoa
    unicellular animals, primarily aquatic or parasitic
  6. fungi
    eukaryotes, molds and yeast
  7. helminths
    worms, flukes, tapeworms, and roundworms
  8. viruses
    noncellular, obligate intracellular parasites, require a host cell
  9. examples of eukaryotes
    algae, protozoa, fungi, helminths
  10. taxonomy
    science of classification, place organisms into a group or taxa
  11. levels of taxa
    • 1. domain
    • 2. kingdom
    • 3. phylum
    • 4. class
    • 5. order
    • 6. family
    • 7. genus
    • 8. species
  12. domain
    largest 3 groups (eukarya, archaea, eubacteria)
  13. kingdoms
    plants, animals, fungus, protists, and prokaryotes (bacterium)
  14. kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
    animalia, chordata, mammalia, primates, hominoidea, homo, sapien
  15. binomial nomenclature
    must be in italics or bold; always capitalize the genus

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