CSET - Subtest I (US History portion)

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acampbell2491
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221528
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CSET - Subtest I (US History portion)
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2013-05-28 22:53:48
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  1. Which indian group established a culture off southern Alaska about 7,000 years ago?
    Aleuts
  2. In What structure did plains indians live?
    tepees
  3. Name a non indigenous group that established North American settlements before Columbus:
    Celetic/Nordic (vikings)
  4. In what year did Columbus reach the mainland of North America?
    never
  5. Where were African slaves first brought to America?
    Jamestown (1619)
  6. What did Spanish explorers bring that caused great devastation to NAs?
    disease
  7. Which nation established the first settlement in Manhattan?
    Holland (Dutch)
  8. How many English colonies were there in the 1740s?
    13
  9. Which things frequently used by colonists were taxed by the original Townsend Acts?
    almost everything
  10. Which two riders spread the word about the English march on Concord?
    • Revere 
    • Dawes
  11. Name two of the self-evident truths found in the Declaration of Independence?
    • (1) inalienable right of life, liberty, and pursuit of happiness
    • (2) equality of all persons
  12. Where did the Colonial Army winter in 1777?
    Morristown, NJ
  13. Which two main forces trapped Cornwallis at Yorktown, Virginia?
    • American Army
    • French Fleet
  14. What was the first governing document for the US?
    Articles of Confederation
  15. NAme three of the first ten commandments to the Constitution
    • (1) freedom of religion, press, speech, assembly, and petition
    • (2) right to bear arms
    • (3)right to a speedy public trial and the right to a lawyer
  16. Theory of Nullification:
    States can nullify federal laws in that state
  17. What tract of land did jefferson purchase from France?
    Louisiana purchase
  18. What action started the war of 1812?
    American invasion of Canada
  19. What famous national song was written during the War of 1812?
    Star Spangled Banner
  20. What affect did the Missouri Compromise have on the state of Missouri?
    Missouri was admitted as a slave staate
  21. What governmental group did Jackson ignore when he moved NAs onto reservations?
    the Supreme Court
  22. What was the status of Texas after it gained its independence from Mexico?
    became a sovereign nation
  23. What states seceded from the Union before hostilities began? (7)
    • South Carolina
    • Alabama
    • Georgia
    • Floride
    • Louisiana
    • Mississippi
    • Texas
  24. What action began the Civil War?
    Confederate attack on Fort Sumter
  25. What was the effect of the Emancipation Proclamation?
    it freed slaves in the Confederate states
  26. What type of government dud Lincoln call for in his Gettysburg Address?
    "of the people, by the people, for the people."
  27. Describe one of the three civil rights amendments adopted from 1865-1870
    XIII - which prohibited slavery
  28. Until what year were Northern troops in the South following the Civil War?
    1877
  29. Who was the only President to be elected and re-elected during this period?
    McKinnley
  30. What was the goal of the Dawes Severalty Act?
    to move Indians from reservations into society
  31. What inventions drew women to the work place? (2)
    • sewing
    • typewriter
  32. Name a territory the US gained in the treaty ending the Spanish American war?
    • Guam
    • Puerto Rico
    • Philippines
  33. Teddy Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Prize for helping end what was?
    Russo-Japanese War
  34. How long ago did NAs come to North America?
    30,000 years ago
  35. When Europeans arrived to North and South America, how many many NAs lived here? Where did the majority of the NAs live?
    • 70-90 mill
    • 40% were in South America
  36. What culture developed about 500 AD?
    Anasazi (Pueblo)
  37. What culture developed about 600 AD?
    mound-building
  38. What culture developed about 750 AD?
    nomadic
  39. in 1400 AD, who migrated from Canada to the southwestern US?
    Navajos and Apaches
  40. In 1500 AD, advanced ____ ________ cultures existed
    Native American
  41. How many voyages did Columbus make?
    4
  42. Who reached the North American mainland in 1497 and who did he claim it for?
    • John Cabot
    • England
  43. In 1607, what city was established under John Smith?
    Jamestown, Virginia
  44. Pilgrims left England on the _______ to escape _____ ______ and established two colonies: ______ & _________
    • Mayflower
    • religious persecution
    • Plymouth
    • Provincetown
  45. The French city of _____ was founded about 1609 by _____ _______
    • Quebec
    • Jacques Cartier
  46. What document forbade English colonial expansion west and made it easier to tax the colonists?
    Proclamation of 1763
  47. What act/tax on the colonies helped pay for the war and was protested "taxation without representation?"
    Sugar Act (1764)
  48. Name the historical event where British troops fired on colonial protesters (actions that were later defended by John Adams)
    Boston Massacre (1770)
  49. What was the First Continental Congress about (1774)?
    • representatives from each colony met to boycott goods from England until the English repealed the taxes
    • declared in rebellion
  50. Where was the rev war's first shot fired in 1775?
    Lexington
  51. The 2nd Continental Congress named who as commander-in-chief?
    George Washington
  52. Who wrote the pamphlet Common Sense and what was it about?
    • Thomas Paine
    • favored American Independence
  53. On July 4, 1776 the Continental Congress approved what? Who was the author?
    • Declaration of Independence
    • Thomas Jefferson
  54. Name three battles that took place during 1775:
    • Bunker Hill
    • Concord
    • Lexington
  55. Where did the Americans win? What were two results of our victory?
    • Saratoga
    • French openly recognized America
    • France became our war allies - decisive moment in the rev. war
  56. Who took over the southern army and later surrendered to American forces and the French fleet in 1781 at Chesapeake Bay?
    Cornwallis
  57. In 1783, the US and Britain signed what? What did it give to the US?
    • Treaty of Paris
    • land east of the Mississippi
  58. What year was GW sworn in as our first president? Who was his vice pres?
    • 1789
    • John Adams
  59. The Fugitive Slave Act of 1793 made what illegal?
    hiding "escaped slaves"
  60. Eli Whitney invented what?
    cotton gin
  61. XYZ affair:
    France sought bribes from America
  62. Concern about france led to what acts? what did these acts do?
    • alien and seditions acts (4 bills passed)
    • put pressure on non-citizens and forbade any writing that criticized the gov't
  63. War of 1812 was between what two countries? Who declared the war?
    • US and Great Britian
    • the US
  64. Andrew Jackson fought and defeated the British  at the .....?
    Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812)
  65. The Missouri made Maine a ____ state, Missouri a ____ state and excluded ___ in the ______ part of the Louisiana Purchase
    • free
    • slave
    • slavery
    • northern
  66. What established that the Americas were off limits for further colonization, the political system in the US was diff from Europe, etc...?
    Monroe Doctrine (1823)
  67. Which President favored the removal of NAs to reservations and marks a time of increased democracy in the US?
    Jackson
  68. Outcome of the Battle of San Jacinto?
    Texas was admitted as a slave state in 1844
  69. Much of the Manifest Destiny of the US to stretch from sea to sea was achieved under which President?
    Polk
  70. Explain the Compromise of 1850:
    specified whether territories would be granted statehood as a free or slave state and contained a strict fugitive slave law
  71. About how many slaves escaped slavery using the UGRR?
    75,000
  72. When did Kansas become a free state?
    1861
  73. What did the Supreme court rule in the 1857 Dred Scott case?
    slaves are property, not citizens and therefore had no standing in the court
  74. Who led his army and invaded Pennsylvania during the Civil War?
    General Lee
  75. Who was assassinated 5 days after successfully leading the US through the Civil War (1865)?
    President Lincoln
  76. What did the Homestead Act do? (1862)
    made public lands available to Western settlers
  77. Who became President after Lincoln was assassinated?
    Andrew Johnson
  78. How did reconstruction end?
    • President Hayes directed the removal of troops from the South
    • Southern whites reestablished their control over the South
  79. What did the supreme court rule in Plessy v. Ferguson?
    it was legal to provide separate but equal.....etc
  80. What did the supreme court rule in Cumming v. County Board of Education?
    legal to separate schools for blacks
  81. What did the Jim Crow laws do? What court case reversed these laws?
    • re-imposed racial segregation
    • Brown v. Board of Education
  82. Who led the women's suffrage moment (2)?  what is a suffrage movement?
    • (1) Elizabeth Stanton, (2) Susan B. Anthony
    • woman's right to vote
  83. The suppression of a Cuban revolt in 1898 led to what?
    Spanish-American War
  84. How long did the Spanish American War last?
    eight months
  85. Roosevelt is known for using what kind of diplomacy? He caused the US to start becoming a "_________ of the world"
    • "big stick"
    • policeman

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