CSET - subtest I (World History portion)

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CSET - subtest I (World History portion)
2013-05-30 15:13:48
cset world history

cset world history
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  1. What was the approximate population of the world in 1 AD? 1992 AD?
    • 200 million
    • 5.7 billion
  2. When was writing invented?
    3500 BC
  3. What is the name of the justice codes formulated in ancient Mesopotamia?
    Codes of Hammurabi
  4. Approximately when were the pyramids built? which is what period of Egyptian history?
    • 2600-2100 BC
    • fourth dynasty of the Old Kingdom
  5. Who fought in the Peloponnesian Wars?
    Athens and Sparta
  6. Name the three greatest thinkers of the Greek Classic age:
    • Aristotle
    • Socrates
    • Plato
  7. What event marked the beginning of the Greek Hellenistic age?
    the death of Alexander the Great
  8. What was the outcome of the Punic Wars?
    Rome gained control of both sides of the Mediterranean
  9. Which leaders were defeated at the Battle of Action
    • Antony
    • Cleopatra
  10. Approximately when was Christianity declared the national religion of Rome?
    300 BC
  11. Who was the original founder of Islam and when was he born?
    • Mohammed
    • 570 AD
  12. What the original Japanese religion?
  13. Why did the Samurai revolt in 1876? Were they successful?
    • they had lost their power
    • they were forbidden to wear their swords
    • no
  14. Who was name emperor of the Holy Roman Empire in the late 700s AD?
    charlemagne (charles the great)
  15. What were the reason for the Crusades?
    to force Muslims from the holy land
  16. Joan of Arc fought for which country in what war?
    • France
    • Hundred Years War
  17. The Bubonic Plague killed about what percent of Europeans?
  18. Approximately when was Confucius born?
    550 BC
  19. During what centuries did the Mongol Kahns rule China?
    1200-1400 AD
  20. What was the cause of the Chinese-British Opium War?
    Chinese resisted the importation of opium
  21. What name was given to the earliest inhabitants of the Indus Valley in India?
  22. What ideal did Buddha preach?
  23. What was the beginning of Muslim and Hindu strife in India?
    the invasion of India by Turk and Afghan Muslims (1200 AD)
  24. Where did the first towns in Africa appear?
    around the Nile river
  25. During what century did Northern Africa become predominately Islamic?
    1000-1100 AD
  26. What role did African kingdoms play in the slave trade?
    they captured and sold African slaves
  27. What was the dominant civilization of the Yucatan peninsula until about 900AD?
  28. The ideas of which ancient civilization were dominant during the Renaissance?
  29. Which practice of the Catholic church was particularly repugnant of Protestants?
    selling indulgences
  30. What was the significant difference b/w English Queens Mary I and Elizabeth I?
    • Mary killed Protestants
    • Elizabeth WAS a Protestant
  31. What major trade was begun during the Age of Exploration?
  32. What major discovery to Copernicus make?
    the sun is at the center of the solar system
  33. What was the average life expectancy in the early 1700s?
    about age 30
  34. Who was the most famous Baroque painter?
  35. Which Romanov leader began the modernization of Russia?
    Peter the Great
  36. Which action began the French Revolution?
    storming of the Bastille
  37. Which leader oversaw the reign of terror following the French Rev?
  38. Where was Napoleon exiled? (2)
    • Elba
    • then St. Helena
  39. Which industries were the first to develop after the Industrial Revolution?
    textiles and metal
  40. Which ideals were stressed by the Romantic Movement?(4)
    • nature
    • feelings
    • personal freedom
    • humanitarianism
  41. With which country were Great Britain and France allied during the Crimean War?
  42. What do anarchists believe?
    there should be NO authority
  43. What continent drew the most attention from European countries during the period of New Imperialism?
  44. Where were the earliest recorded civilizations?
  45. Who inhabited Mesopotamia and invented the first writing? What was the writing called?
    • Sumerians
    • cuneiform
  46. What led to the dissolution of the Mesopotamia? Who was the King?
    • New Babylonians were defeated by the Persians
    • King Nebuchadnezzar
  47. The Egyptians had writing called _______ and invented a ______ that we still use today.
    • hieroglyphics
    • calendar
  48. Egyptians in horse-drawn chariots mark what period in Egyptian history's 7 periods?
    Second Intermediate
  49. What event marked the New Kingdom period in Egyptian history's 7 periods? Who was the king?
    • Egyptians invaded Palestine and enslaved the Jews
    • King Tutankhamen
  50. When did Egypt approximately come under the control of the Roman Empire?
    30 BC
  51. The region south of the first cataract in Egypt was called?
    Kingdom of Kush
  52. Kush was the first what?
    African Kingdom
  53. Where is the oldest settlement in Africa?
  54. In 730 BC, what did the Kush Kingdom do?
    • defeated Egypt
    • established a Kush Dynasty
  55. What did the Assyrian and Persian attacks forced the Kush Kingdom to do what two things?
    • move further south away from Egyptian influence
    • move closer to its sub-Saharan African roots
  56. What was a striking and singular breakthrough about the Kush culture for the time? (2)
    • women enjoyed equality
    • women served as monarchs
  57. When were the Greek Dark Ages?
    1200 to 750 BC
  58. What war occurred during the Greek Dark Ages and was described by Homer in the Iliad?
    The Trojan War
  59. In Sparta, every male citizens became a lifetime solder at the age of __
  60. The Classic Age was a time for the development of what(2)? When did it begin?
    • great literature
    • great thought
    • 500 BC
  61. The Hellenistic Age began in what year? After what change?
    • 30 BC
    • Greece was incorporated into the Roman Empire
  62. What two great developments came out of the Hellenistic Age?
    • scientific
    • mathematical
  63. When was Caesar assassinated and who led the conspiracy (2)?
    • The Ides of March (44 BC)
    • Brutus and Cassius
  64. Who was the first "God-Emperor" and led the Pax Romana?
  65. What was the Pax Romana? How long did it last?
    • the longest period of peace in the western world
    • 200 years
  66. When did Civil War rage in the Roman Empire?
    the 200s AD
  67. Were Constantine's attempts to stop the empire's decline successful?
    • No
    • Visigoths looted Rome in 400 AD
  68. Where did most of the world's religions emerge? (2)
    • Africa
    • Asia
  69. Which religion is a mixture of beliefs from invaders of India and native Indians? What system does it embrace?
    • Hindu
    • caste system
  70. Who do most Hindus worship? (3)
    • Vishnu
    • Shiva
    • Shakti
  71. What religion believe that karma determines a person's ultimate fate?
  72. How did judaism develop?
    from the Hebrew tribes located in and around Israel
  73. What two books are studied in Judaism?
    • the Old Testament
    • Talmud (book of Jewish law and tradition)
  74. Who do Hebrews trace their ancestry to?
    Abraham and his grandson Jacob
  75. Buddhism was founded by whom?
    Siddhartho Guatama (the Buddha)
  76. What book contains Buddha's teachings?
  77. In the mid 300s ______ was decreed the state religion of ______
    • Christianity
    • Rome
  78. What do Muslims believe?
    Mohammad is the greatest prophet of God
  79. What contains the 114 chapters of the Islamic religion and law?
    the Quran
  80. The Quran is the holiest book of Islam and Muslims believe it contains .....
    God's final revelation to man
  81. Japan remained a primitive society overrun by successive invasions of _____ and _____
    • Mongols
    • Malays
  82. Japan existed in the shadow of what county? Japan was considered a _______ country.
    • China
    • backward
  83. Who were installed as the permanent leaders of Japan, leaving the emperor with only ceremonial duties?
  84. Around 1600 under the Shogunate, who were persecuted and what was forbidden?
    • Christians
    • foreign ships in Japanese waters
  85. How long did the Meiji period last?
  86. What two countries were involved in and What caused the Sino-Japanese War? Who won?
    • Japan entered war with China
    • dispute about Korea
    • Japan
  87. Japan entered into war with Russia in what war? Who won?
    • Russo-Japanese
    • Japan won
  88. The High MiddleAges lasted from ....?
    The Battle of Hastings in 1066 to 1300
  89. When was the Magna Carta signed?
  90. How many crusades were held from 1100-1300? Were the crusades successful? What was the outcome?
    • at least 7
    • No
    • Jews were massacred
  91. Define scholasticism
    an attempt to bring together the Christian faith and logic
  92. What two countries were involved in the Hundred Years war? Who won?
    • England and France
    • France (Joan of Arc)
  93. When was the Shang Dynasty? What was it known for?
    • 1500-1100 BC
    • works of art, bronze castings and wall cities
  94. When was the Chou Dynasty? What was it known for?
    • 1100-250 BC
    • Jade carvings and Chinese calligraphy
  95. What happened under the Ch'in Rulers?
    • had the first emperor of China
    • Great Wall of China was expanded
    • Confucian writings were destroyed
  96. When was the Han Dynasty? Who was a revered figure?
    • 200BC - 220AD
    • Confucius
  97. What happened to China when it was invaded from the north?
    • divided into many states
    • maintained independence
    • Buddhism was established
  98. When was the Sui Dynasty?
    580-618 AD
  99. When was the T'ang Dynasty?
  100. When was the Sung Dynasty? What was it known for? (2)
    • 960-1279AD
    • gunpowder used for weapons
    • nation prospered during this time
  101. Who led the Chinese Mongols after Genghis Khan? Who did they attack? Who won?
    • Kublai Khan
    • Japan
    • Japan destroyed them using a typhoon or "kamikaze"
  102. What dynasty came after the Khan dynasty? What did it forbid?
    • Ming Dynasty
    • travel to foreign lands
  103. Under what dynasty was the Opium war of 1839?
  104. An early caste system in India establish Dravidians as what?
  105. What verbal tradition described correct conduct and belief and described how the soul remains immortal through transmigration?
  106. What is the order of the caste system..starting from the top?
    • Brahmans (priests)
    • rulers and warriors
    • farmers and tradesmen
    • workers
    • outcastes
  107. Under what Empire did Buddhism become less popular in India?
  108. What flourished during the Gupta Dynasty? What religion became dominant in india during this period?
    • mathematics, arts, and literature
    • Hinduism
  109. By 1050 AD, most of northern _____ was an ____ land
    • Africa
    • Islamic
  110. What was the earliest state in West Africa? What kind of state was it?
    • Ghana
    • Muslim
  111. Where in islam was a major center for trade and learning?
    Its capital - Timbuktu
  112. Where was there a lot of intermarriage between natives and settlers?
    Eastern Africa
  113. South Africa is best known for...
    the Zulu people
  114. Who was the dominant civilization in MExico from 1700BC-900AD? What were they known for? (3)
    • Mayans 
    • Mysterious disappearance
    • had a written language
    • wrote books about astronomy
  115. Who was in power in northern Mexico about 900AD and referred to themselves as "Mexica?"
  116. Who easily defeated the Aztecs and Emperor Montezuma in 1521?
    Spaniards under Cortez
  117. Who existed in Peru about 500AD and were a dominant civilization?
  118. What were the Incas known for? Who defeated them?
    • best developed government, built stone roads, built Temple of the Sun, built Machu Picchu
    • Spaniards under Pizzaro
  119. What does Renaissance mean? Where was it?
    • rebirth
    • Italy, mainly in Florence
  120. Explain Bartholomew's Day Massacre (1572):
    Catherine de Medici arranged to have 20,000 French Huguenots (Calvinist Protestants) killed
  121. In England, what did Puritans object to that caused many to escape to the New World?
    pro-Catholic shift in the Church of England
  122. Where did 50% of African slaves get sent?
  123. Who discovered the orbits of the planets during the Scientific Revolution?
  124. Who invented the scientific method during the Scientific Revolution?
    Francis Bacon
  125. Who was a leader in mathematics and invented deductive, step-by-step method of proof?
    Rene Decartes
  126. The War of Devolution brought about what?
    Triple Alliance b/w England, Holland, and Sweden
  127. The Grand ALliance led to the formation of the Grand Coalition between what four countries?
    • Holy Roman Empire
    • England
    • Holland
    • Prussia
  128. What belief/emphasis became a leading force in Europe?
    • Mercantilism
    • an emphasis on material wealth
  129. Who developed the steam engine?
  130. Who said "I think; therefore, I am."
  131. What established intellect as distinct from God and sought to establish a rational basis for life?
    The Enlightenment
  132. What type of art featured Grandeur?
  133. Who believed in free trade and the law of supply and demand?
    Adam Smith
  134. Who ruled Russia first? Second?
    • Romanovs
    • Peter the Great (he modernized and westernized Russia)
  135. After two years of fighting in the French Revolution, the national assembly condemned and killed who? (2)
    • Louis XVI
    • Marie Antoinette
  136. Who was a military genius who led France to an unsuccessful quest for an expanded empire?
  137. What were two well-known inventions that came out of the Industrial Revolution?
    • steamboat
    • locomotive
  138. What 5 philosophies came out of the Romanticism era?
    • Liberalism
    • Conservatism
    • Nationalism
    • Socialism
    • Marxism (communist form of socialism)
  139. Who established psychoanalytic psychology?
  140. Who invented the theory of relativity?
  141. What do physical anthropologists study?
    evolution of primates, including humans, through human fossils
  142. What are the three primary determinants of culture?
    • food
    • energy
    • technology
  143. What is the relationship of the legislative and executive branches in a Presidential gov't?
    it is independent from the other
  144. What is the relationship of the legislative and executive branches in a parliamentary gov't?
    executive branch is a subordinate/lower rank to the legislative branch
  145. how often are US representatives elected?
    every two years
  146. government by the populace
  147. government by a few
  148. government by one
  149. the power of the central gov't is limited by the rights of the states
    federal states (US)
  150. the states are subordinate to the central gov't
    Unitary (UK)
  151. Constitution can be amended by a ____ vote of ____ houses of Congress and _____ vote of the state legislatures
    • 2/3
    • both
    • 3/4
  152. Congress consists of...
    • senate
    • HOR
  153. how long do the 100 senators (2 from each state) serve?
    • 6 years
    • with 2/3 standing for election every 2 years
  154. how many representatives in the HOR are there?
  155. IF a bill is vetoed by the PResident, how can it still become a law?
    congress passes it with a 2/3 vote
  156. Who only has power to declare war?
  157. Who nominates Supreme Court justices?
    the President