Anatomy and Physiology: Body Organization Vocab

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Anatomy and Physiology: Body Organization Vocab
2013-05-29 21:45:32
Body Organization Vocabulary

Anatomy and Physiology Vocabulary
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  1. Anatomy
    Study of structure, which often means cutting or removing parts
  2. Physiology
    Study of body functions
  3. Cells
    The basic unit of structure and function of a unit
  4. Tissues
    Specialized cells assemble into layers or masses that have specific functions. Group of similar cells that performs a specialized function
  5. Homeostasis
    The bodies maintenance of a stable internal environment state of equilibrium in which the internal environment of the body remains in the normal range
  6. Metabolism
    The Chemical Reactions in cells that use or release energy
  7. Differentation
    Cell Specialization
  8. Cephalic
    Pertaining to the head
  9. Cervical
  10. Axillary
  11. Brachial
  12. Proximal
    Closer to the truck or origin; opposite of distal
  13. Distal
    Farther from the trunk or origin; opposite of proximal
  14. Pleura
    The membrane investing the lungs and lining the walls of the thoratic cavity
  15. Oblique
    The flat muscles forming the middle and outer layers of the lateral walls of the abdomen
  16. Transverse Plane
    Divides a structure into superior and inferior parts
  17. Sagittal Plane
    Section that divides the structure into Right and Left
  18. Coronal Plane
    The vertical plane at right angles to a sagittal plane, dividing the body into anterior and posterior positions
  19. Dorsal
    near the back
  20. Medial
    Toward or near the middle
  21. Thoratic
    Near the thorax
  22. Ventral
    Relating to or situated on or close to the abdomen
  23. Superior
    Structure higher than another structure
  24. Lateral
    Pertaining to the side
  25. Frontal Plane
    Plane parallel to the long axis of the body and perpendicular to the sagittal plane that seperates the body into the front and back portions
  26. Anatomical Position
    Body posture with the body erect, face forward, and toes pointing forward
  27. Inferior
    Situated below something else; pertaining to the lower surface of a part
  28. Anterior
    pertaining to the front
  29. Population
    a group of people
  30. Community
    A large group of people
  31. Physique
    The body considered with reference to its proportions, muscular development and appearance