CSET Subtest 3- Human Development.txt

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CSET Subtest 3- Human Development.txt
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2013-05-30 15:51:11
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CSET Subtest Human Development
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CSET Subtest 3- Human Development
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  1. Concrete Operations
    • 7-11 years old
    • -Classification
    • -Inductive Reasoning
    • -Seriation
    • -Transitive Inference
    • -Metacognition
  2. Preoperational
    • 2-7 years old
    • -Casual Reasoning
    • -Centration
    • -Fast Mapping
    • -Conservation
  3. Sensorimotor
    • 0-2 years old
    • -Scheme Organized Thoughts
    • -Object Permanence
  4. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
    • 1 1/2 - 3 1/2 years old
    • Virtue: Will
    • -Exploration and experiment
    • -Learns balance external control and self control
    • -If punished harshly punished, toddlers become restrained or unwilling to try new things
    • -Constructive play
  5. Disorganized-Disoriented
    • Mary Ainsworth
    • -Shows insecurity upon parent's return, feels confused, misunderstood, others are unreliable, fears new situations
    • After child is separated, the child shows behavioral signs of being contradictory upon caregiver's return
  6. Anxious-Avoidant
    • Mary Ainsworth
    • -Readily seperates from the parent and avoids parent upon return
    • -Avoids playing with other children, difficulty trusting
  7. Secure
    • Mary Ainsworth
    • -Caregiver is secure base, freely seperates from parent to play
    • -Comfortable with others
  8. Anxious-Resistant
    • Mary Ainsworth
    • -Anxious before caregiver leaves, upset when they return, cannot seperate to explore or play
    • -Others can't be trusted, skeptical about new things, push those who try to get close
  9. Postconventional Level of Morality
    • 13+ years
    • -Look within themselves for answers rather than external sources
  10. Preconventional Level of Morality
    • Kohlberg
    • 4-10 years old
    • -Children obey because adults tell them to obey
  11. Morality of Cooperation
    View each dilemma and consider the consequences before making a moral decision
  12. Erikson's Social Development
    • Trust vs. Mistrust (1 - 1 1/2)
    • Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1 1/2 - 3 1/2)
    • Initiative vs. Guilt (3 1/2 - 6)
    • Industry vs. Inferiority (6-11)
    • Identity vs. Role Confusion (12-18)
  13. Irreversibility
    • -Makes errors because they cannot understand that an operation moves in more than one direction
    • -Cannot understand that original state can be recovered
  14. Identity vs. Role Confusion
    • 12-18 years old
    • Virtue: Fidelity
    • -Builds on previous experiences to seek sense of identity in adult life
    • -Difficulties result in confusion and delay mature life

    • Gender differences
    • Girls- future
    • Boys- Autonomy and achievement
  15. Industry vs. Inferiority
    • 6-11 years old
    • Virtue: Competence
    • -Development of social self
    • -Learns to work with others
    • -Socializing helps self esteem
    • -Rough and Tumble Play
  16. Initiative vs. Guilt
    • 3 1/2-6 years old
    • View: Purpose
    • -Willing to take risks
    • -Imaginative Play

    • Gender differences
    • Girls- Start school
    • Boys- Graduate high school testing high on SATs
  17. Trust vs. Mistrust
    • 1-1 1/2 years olds
    • Virtue: Hope
    • -Sees world is safe
    • -Absence of trust leaves infant feeling guarded and suspicious
    • -Functional Play
  18. Hypothetical Deductive Reasoning
    • Formulating a specific hypothesis from any given theory, the ability to form ideas about what might be
    • Formal
  19. Inductive Reasoning
    • Concrete
    • Reasoning logically instead of intuitively
    • Drawing conclusions from specific examples to make a general conclusion, even when conclusion is not accurate
  20. Game with Rules Play
    • 7-11 years old
    • Game with rules
    • Concrete Operational
  21. Transitive Inference
    • Ability to draw conclusions about a relationship to an object
    • Concrete
    • Drawing conclusions about 2 objects, knowing the third object
    • Ex. A=B and B=C, A=C
  22. Transductive Reasoning
    • Preoperational
    • Mentally connect specific experiences
  23. Conservation
    An object does not change if appearance changes
  24. Animism
    • 2-4 years old
    • Preoperational
    • -Non living objects have lifelike qualities
  25. Casual Reasoning
    • Preoperational
    • Cannot think about cause and effect, believe their thoughts can cause action
  26. Constructive Play
    • 2-7 years old
    • Preoperational
    • -The use of making objects into something
    • -Toddlers and preschool
  27. Egocentrism
    • 2-7 years old
    • Piaget
    • Preoperational
    • -Limit a child's perspective of other people
  28. Functional Play
    • Birth-2 years old
    • Sensorimotor
    • -Repeating simple muscular movements
  29. Social Learning Theory
    • Bandura
    • Learning through observation
    • -Bobo doll experiment
  30. Scaffolding
    • Vygotsky
    • -Temporary support system from someone to support the child until the task can be mastered alone
  31. Zone of Proximal Development
    • Vygotsky
    • Distance between between child's actual performance and a child's potential performance
  32. Patterned Speech
    • Constant vowel strings
    • Da-da-da
  33. Slow to Warm Up
    Slow adaptions to new changes but slowly accepts them when repeatedly exposed
  34. Difficult
    Cries often, slow to accept new situations, irregular daily routines
  35. Easy
    Positive mood, adapts easily
  36. Vygotsky
    • Development determined by language
    • Thought and language provide for each other
  37. Symbolic Function Substage
    Uses words and images to form mental representations to remember objects without being physically present
  38. Fast Mapping
    • Preoperational
    • Using context to determine the meaning of words
  39. Piaget's Cognitive Development
    • Sensorimotor
    • Preoperational
    • Concrete Operations
    • Formal Operations
  40. Accomodation
    Take existing schemes and adjust them to fit their experience
  41. Goodness of Fit
    Match between child's temperament and environment demands
  42. Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Test
    • Linguistic Verbal
    • Logical Mathematical Spatial
    • Bodily Kinesthetic
    • Musical
    • Interpersonal
    • Intrapersonal
    • Naturalist
  43. Phoneme
    Babbling sounds
  44. Cooing
    Vowels
  45. Assimilation
    Incorporate info with existing schemes in order to form a new cognitive structure
  46. Object Permanence
    • Sensorimotor
    • Object exists even when not visible
  47. Centration
    • Preoperational
    • Can only focus on one piece of info at a time
  48. Seriation
    • Concrete
    • Arrange objects in logical progression
  49. Classification
    • Concrete
    • Divide objects in sets
  50. Metacognition
    • Concrete
    • Thinking about thinking
  51. Pretend Play
    Fantasy, dramatic, imaginative play, substituting imaginary situations for real ones
  52. Conventional Level of Morality
    • 10-13 years old
    • Kohlberg
    • Concerned about opinions of peers and desire to win their acceptance
  53. Morality of Constraint
    • 4-7 years old
    • Rules are unchangeable
  54. Seriation
    Ability to arrange objects in logical progression

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