Medical Terminology Chapter 3
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Medical Terminology Chapter 3
Diseases and conditions
decreased appetite because of disease or the gastrointestinal side effects of a drug.
difficult or painful eating or swallowing
excessive overeating due to an overactive thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus, or a psychiatric illness
inflammation and cracking of the lips and corners of the mouth due to infection, allergies, or nutritional deficiency.
a stone that forms in the salivary gland and becomes lodged in the duct, blocking the flow of saliva.
inflammation of the oral mucosa.
indigestion or epigastric pain that may be accompanied by gas or nausea
swollen, protruding veins in the mucosa of the lower esophagus or stomach.
acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach due to spicy foods, excess acid production, or a bacterial infection
acute inflammation or infection of the stomach and intestines due to a virus or bacterium.
gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
chronic inflammation and irritation due to reflux of stomach acid back into the esophagus.
temporary inflammation or the esophagus due to reflux of stomach acid. Also known as pyrosis
vomiting of blood because of bleeding int he stomach or esophagus.
peptic ulcer disease PUD
chronic irritation, burning pain, and erosion of the mucosa to form an ulcer.
cancerous tumor of the stomach that usually begins in the glands in the gastric mucosa
abnormal absence of peristalsis in the small and large intestines
telescoping of one segment of intestine inside the lumen of the next segment.
twisting of the intestine around itself because of a structural abnormality of the mesentery.
inflammation and infection of the appendix
common disorder in babies. Crampy abdominal pain soon after eating
cancerous tumor of the colon
weakness in the wall of the colon where the mucosa forms a pouch or tube.
bacterial infection caused by an unusual strain of E. coli, a common bacterium in the large intestine.
gluten sensitivity enteropathy
an autoimmune disorder and toxic reaction to the gluten found in certain grains
inflammatory bowel disease IBD
chronic inflammation of various parts of the small and large intestines.
irritable bowel syndrome IBS
disorder of the function fo the colon, although the mucosa of the colon never shows any visible signs of inflammation.
small, fleshy, benign or precancerous growth in the mucosa of the colon
swollen, protruding veins in the rectum or on the skin around the anus
inflammation of the rectum due to radiation therapy or ulcers or infection of the rectum
protruding wall of the rectum pushes on the adjacent vaginal wall, causing it to collapse inward and block the vaginal canal
blood in the feces
greasy, frothy, foul-smelling feces that contains undigested fats
fibrous bands that form after abdominal surgery
weakness in the muscle of the diaphragm or abdominal wall.
inflammation and infection of the peritoneum
accumulation of ascitic fluid in the abdominopelvic cavity.
chronic, progressive inflammation and finally irreversible degeneration of the liver with nodules and scarring
inflammation and infection of the liver from the hepatitis virus.
enlargement of the liver due to cirrhosis, hepatitis, or cancer.
yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes due to the build-up of bilirubin in the blood
acute or chronic inflammation of the bile ducts because of cirrhosis or gallstones.
acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder
one or more gallstones in the gallbladder
inflammation or infection of the pancreas