Medical Terminology Chapter 3

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jeanim
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221734
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Medical Terminology Chapter 3
Updated:
2013-05-30 18:26:50
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Diseases conditions
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Diseases and conditions
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  1. anorexia
    decreased appetite because of disease or the gastrointestinal side effects of a drug.
  2. dysphagia
    difficult or painful eating or swallowing
  3. polyphagia
    excessive overeating due to an overactive thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus, or a psychiatric illness
  4. cheilitis
    inflammation and cracking of the lips and corners of the mouth due to infection, allergies, or nutritional deficiency.
  5. sialolithiasis
    a stone that forms in the salivary gland and becomes lodged in the duct, blocking the flow of saliva.
  6. stomatitis
    inflammation of the oral mucosa.
  7. dyspepsia
    indigestion or epigastric pain that may be accompanied by gas or nausea
  8. esophageal varices
    swollen, protruding veins in the mucosa of the lower esophagus or stomach.
  9. gastritis
    acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach due to spicy foods, excess acid production, or a bacterial infection
  10. gastroenteritis
    acute inflammation or infection of the stomach and intestines due to a virus or bacterium.
  11. gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
    chronic inflammation and irritation due to reflux of stomach acid back into the esophagus.
  12. heartburn
    temporary inflammation or the esophagus due to reflux of stomach acid.  Also known as pyrosis
  13. hematemesis
    vomiting of blood because of bleeding int he stomach or esophagus.
  14. peptic ulcer disease PUD
    chronic irritation, burning pain, and erosion of the mucosa to form an ulcer.
  15. stomach cancer
    cancerous tumor of the stomach that usually begins in the glands in the gastric mucosa
  16. ileus
    abnormal absence of peristalsis in the small and large intestines
  17. intussusception
    telescoping of one segment of intestine inside the lumen of the next segment.
  18. volvulus
    twisting of the intestine around itself because of a structural abnormality of the mesentery.
  19. appendicitis
    inflammation and infection of the appendix
  20. colic
    common disorder in babies.  Crampy abdominal pain soon after eating
  21. colon cancer
    cancerous tumor of the colon
  22. diverticulum
    weakness in the wall of the colon where the mucosa forms a pouch or tube.
  23. dysentery
    bacterial infection caused by an unusual strain of E. coli, a common bacterium in the large intestine.
  24. gluten sensitivity enteropathy
    an autoimmune disorder and toxic reaction to the gluten found in certain grains
  25. inflammatory bowel disease IBD
    chronic inflammation of various parts of the small and large intestines.
  26. irritable bowel syndrome IBS
    disorder of the function fo the colon, although the mucosa of the colon never shows any visible signs of inflammation.
  27. polyp
    small, fleshy, benign or precancerous growth in the mucosa of the colon
  28. hemorrhoids
    swollen, protruding veins in the rectum or on the skin around the anus
  29. proctitis
    inflammation of the rectum due to radiation therapy or ulcers or infection of the rectum
  30. rectocele
    protruding wall of the rectum pushes on the adjacent vaginal wall, causing it to collapse inward and block the vaginal canal
  31. hematochezia
    blood in the feces
  32. steatorrhea
    greasy, frothy, foul-smelling feces that contains undigested fats
  33. adhesions
    fibrous bands that form after abdominal surgery
  34. hernia
    weakness in the muscle of the diaphragm or abdominal wall.
  35. peritonitis
    inflammation and infection of the peritoneum
  36. ascites
    accumulation of ascitic fluid in the abdominopelvic cavity.
  37. cirrhosis
    chronic, progressive inflammation and finally irreversible degeneration of the liver with nodules and scarring
  38. hepatitis
    inflammation and infection of the liver from the hepatitis virus.
  39. hepatomegaly
    enlargement of the liver due to cirrhosis, hepatitis, or cancer.
  40. jaundice
    yellowish discoloration of the skin and whites of the eyes due to the build-up of bilirubin in the blood
  41. cholangitis
    acute or chronic inflammation of the bile ducts because of cirrhosis or gallstones.
  42. cholecystitis
    acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder
  43. cholelithiasis
    one or more gallstones in the gallbladder
  44. pancreatitis
    inflammation or infection of the pancreas

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