cna

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cna
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  1. abuse
    the willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation, or punishment with resulting physical harm, pain or mental anguish
  2. advance directives
    a document that makes a person's wishes known regarding life support issues in the event they are unable to speak for themselves
  3. aphasia
    a brain injury that impairs the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing
  4. chain of command
    a list of who reports or answers to whom
  5. confidentiality
    not sharing spoken and/or written words about resident
  6. durable power of attorney for health care
    advance directive authorizing another person to make a variety of legal decisions for a person if that person is unable to make or communicate a decision. This document usually includes decisions about health care.
  7. ethics
    standards of behavior developed by a person's concept of right and wrong
  8. etiquette
    acceptable standards of behavior among members of society as they function in public or work
  9. exploitation
    illegal use of vulnerable adult's property or personal items
  10. involuntary seclusion
    separation of a resident form other residents or from his/her room or confinement to her/his room (with or without roommates) against the resident's will, or the will of the resident's legal representative
  11. job description
    duties and responsibilities involved in a work position
  12. living will
    an advance directive document that outlines end of life care wishes by the resident and for the resident
  13. neglect
    failure to provide goods and services necessary to avoid physical harm or mental anguish
  14. ombudsman
    an advocate or representative who speaks or writes in support of the resident's causes or complaints
  15. patient
    a person having physical or emotional illness that is receiving care from health care workers
  16. resident
    person living in a long term care facility, often elderly; may be a permanent home for the person
  17. team work
    joint action by a group of people with individual and group skills to coordinate efforts to efficiently perform tasks
  18. basic human needs
    requirements everyone needs for life that may be achieved by different methods
  19. culture
    lifestyle or pattern of living of a group of people and how the group of people views the world with their established values and beliefs
  20. diversity
    differences among people that include race, culture, gender, age and abilities
  21. stereotyping
    placing members of a group of people into a category with the assumption that all are the same
  22. incident
    unexpected situation, which may cause harm to residents, employees or any other person
  23. objective observation
    a factual or measurable event such as a pulse rate or body sign
  24. signs
    evidence of something abnormal occuring in teh body which is observed by the nursing team through seeing, listening, touching or smelling
  25. subjective observation
    statement made by the resident
  26. symptoms
    a change in the body or function of the body that the resident experiences and tells the nursing team
  27. A or Ax
    auxillary (armpit temp)
  28. AROM
    active range of motion
  29. a.c.
    before meals
  30. ADL
    activities of daily living
  31. ad lib
    at liberty
  32. AEB
    as evidenced by
  33. A.M.
    midnight to 12 noon
  34. B&B
    bowel and bladder program
  35. b.i.d
    twice a day
  36. BKA
    below knee amputation
  37. BM
    bowel movement
  38. BP
    blood pressure
  39. BRP
    bathroom privileges
  40. -
    c
    with
  41. c.c
    cubic centimeter
  42. C/O
    complains of
  43. CMS
    color, circulation, motion, sensitivity
  44. CVA
    stroke
  45. DAT
    diet as tolerated
  46. DNR
    do not resuscitate
  47. h./hr
    Hour
  48. H20
    water
  49. HOB
    head of bed
  50. HOH
    hard of hearing
  51. h.s
    bedtime/hr. of sleep
  52. Ht
    height
  53. I&0
    intake and output
  54. MI
    myocardial infarction
  55. Na
    sodium
  56. MKA
    no known allergies
  57. NPO
    nothing by mouth
  58. O
    oral
  59. O2
    oxygen
  60. OT
    occupational therapy
  61. Oz
    ounce=30cc
  62. p.c
    after meals
  63. peri
    perineal
  64. P.M
    12 noon to midnight
  65. PT
    physical therapy
  66. p.r.n
    as needed
  67. PROM
    passive range of motion
  68. Px
    physical examination
  69. q
    every
  70. q.d
    every day
  71. q.h
    every hour
  72. q.4.h
    every 4 hours
  73. q.i.d
    four times a day
  74. R
    rectal
  75. Rt
    right
  76. SBA
    stand by assist
  77. Sx
    symptoms
  78. w/o, s
    without
  79. SOB
    shortness of breath
  80. stat
    immediately
  81. TC & DB
    tum cough and deep breath
  82. t.i.d
    three times a day
  83. TPR
    temperature, pulse and respiration
  84. Tx
    treatment
  85. V.S
    vital sign
  86. W/C
    wheelchair
  87. Wt
    weight
  88. <--
    less than
  89. -->
    greater than
  90. abuse
    the willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation, or punishment with resulting physical harm, pain or mental anguish
  91. advance directives
    a document that makes a person's wishes known regarding life support issues in the event they are unable to speak for themselves
  92. aphasia
    a brain injury that impairs the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing
  93. chain of command
    a list of who reports or answers to whome
  94. confidentiality
    not sharing spoken and/or written words about a resident
  95. durable power of attorney for health care
    advance directive authorizing another person to make a variety of legal decisions for a person if that person is unable to make or communicate a decision. this document usually includes decisions about health care
  96. ethics
    standards of behavior developed by a person's concept of right and wrong
  97. etiquette
    acceptable standards of behavior among members of society as they function in public or work
  98. exploitation
    illegal use of vulnerable adult's property or personal items
  99. involuntary seclusion
    separation of a resident from other residents or from his/her room or confinement to her/his room (with or without roommates) against the resident's will, or the will of the resident's legal representative
  100. job description
    duties and responsibilities involved in a work position
  101. living will
    an advance directive document that outlines end of life care wishes by the resident and for the resident
  102. neglect
    failure to provide goods and services necessary to avoid physical harm or mental anguish
  103. ambudsman
    an advocate or representative who speaks or writes in support of the resident's causes or complaints
  104. patient
    a person having physical or emotional illness that is receiving care from health care workers
  105. resident
    person living in a long term care facility, often elderly; may be a permanent home for the person
  106. team work
    joint action by a group of people with individual and group skills to coordinate efforts to efficiently perform tasks
  107. basic human needs
    requirements everyone needs for life that may be achieved by different methods
  108. cognitive
    intellectual process that includes thought, awareness and the ability to understand
  109. coping mechanisms
    response to stress one uses to protect his/her feelings of self-esteem
  110. culture
    lifestyle or pattern of living of a group of people and how the group of people views the world with their established values and beliefs
  111. development
    the increase in mental, emotional and social capabilities
  112. developmental tasks
    a wide range of individually varied social, psychological and emotional behaviors that are part of the life experience and become evident in interpersonal skills and interactions
  113. dignity
    while interacting with residents, staff carry out activities to assist the resident to maintain and enhance his/her self-esteem and self-worth
  114. diversity
    differences among people that include race, culture, gender, age and abilities
  115. ethnicity
    special groups within a race sharing social customs, language, national origin and/or heritage
  116. growth
    physical changes that occur in the body; increase in size, values and strength
  117. intervention
    actions and discussions to discover possible solutions to a problem
  118. mental health
    adjustments to life events that allow feelings of self-worth and comfort with situations in life
  119. race
    classification of people according to shared physical characteristics such as skin color, facial features, blood type or hair texture
  120. self actualization
    achievement of one's greatest potential abilities
  121. self-esteem
    an individual's opinion of him/herself
  122. stereotyping
    placing members of a group of people into a category with the assummption that all are the same
  123. body language
    use of body and facial positions and movement to send a message, the person may or may not be aware of the message sent
  124. care plan
    a written method or outline identifying a resident's unique needs and how health workers will assist them in meeting those needs
  125. chart
    a legal document that is a written record of medical care
  126. checklist
    documentation form to monitor ongoing nursing assistant observations of residents such as appetite or vital signs, these are also called flow  charts or flow sheets
  127. communication
    the exchange of information or messages by written or spoken word, signals or methods
  128. continuity of care
    care of a resident that continues without interruption. all caregivers using the same methods and approaches. This allows the needs of the residents to be met
  129. cyanosis
    blue color to the lips due to decreased amount of oxygen in the blood
  130. extremeties
    arms or legs
  131. incident
    unexpected situation, which may cause harm to residents, employees or any other person
  132. non verbal communication
    messages sent by methods other than spoken or written words, such as facial expressions and body movements
  133. objective observation
    a factual or measurable event such as a pulse rate or body sign
  134. receiver
    one who gets the message
  135. report
    the action of relaying pertinent information about a resident to the nursing team members, usually done at change of shift. this action also assures continuity of care
  136. alcohol-based hand rub
    refers to a 60-90% ethanol or isopropyl containing preparation designed for application to the hands to reduce microorganisms
  137. assistive device
    any item that is being used by or used in the care of a resident to promote their safety and function
  138. body mechanics
    using muscles of the body to make the best use of strength to life or move objects
  139. body alignment
    position of the body so it can function properly
  140. chain of infection
    process involved in the development of infectious disease in people
  141. contaminated
    items or areas considered to have disease-causing organisms
  142. disnifect
    preventing infection by killing most bacteria. disinfectants are solutions usually containing chlorine
  143. gait belt
    name given to a transfer belt when it is used to assist a resident when walking
  144. hand hygiene
    a general term that applies to washing hands wiht water and either plain soap or soap/detergent containing an antiseptic agent; or thoroughly applying an alcohol-based hand rub
  145. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS
  146. host
    plant, animal or human that harbors and organism
  147. infection
    refers to the establishment of an infective agent in or on a suitable host, producing clinical signs and symptoms
  148. infection control
    practices which help to prevent the development and spread of disease
  149. intact
    unbroken, undamaged
  150. isolation
    practices used to reduce the spread of an infectious agent and/or minimize the transmission of infection
  151. medical aspesis
    procedures used to prevent pathogens from spreading
  152. microorganism
    tiny living bodies that cannot be seen with the naked eye; can only be seen with the microscope
  153. pathogen
    disease causing microorganism;germ
  154. physical restraint
    any manual method or physical or machanical device, material or equipment attached or adjacent to one's body that the individual cannot remove easily which restricts freedom of movement or normal access to one's body
  155. PPE
    personal protective equipment, such as gown, gloves or mask
  156. safety
    practices that prevent harm or injury
  157. sputum
    mucus coughed up from the lungs
  158. standard precautions
    refers to infection prevention practices that apply to all residents, regardless of suspected or confirmed diagnosis or presumed infection status
  159. sterilization
    removing or destroying all microorganisms on a surface
  160. transmission
    transfer from one person or place to another
  161. transfer belt
    webbed belt used as a safety device when moving a resident
  162. blood pressure
    measurement of the force of the blood against the walls of the arteries
  163. BPM
    beats per minute
  164. bradycardia
    pulse rate under 60 beats per minute
  165. cannula
    plastic prongs placed in nose to deliver oxygen
  166. diastolic pressure
    number at which the last sound is heard or lowest number when blood pressure is measured
  167. dyspnea
    difficulty breating
  168. expiration
    breathing out air
  169. fever
    elevated body temperature that is usually a sign of illness
  170. hypertension
    high blood pressure, higher than 140/90
  171. hypotension
    low blood pressure, lower than 90/60
  172. hypoxia
    lack of oxygen in the body tissues
  173. inspiration
    breathing in air
  174. pulse
    pressure of the blood felt against the wall of an artery as the heart expands and contracts
  175. pulse rate
    measures the number of times the heart beats per minute
  176. pulse spots
    areas on the body where the pulse can be counted or measured
  177. respirations
    the process of breathing; the exchange of gases in the lungs
  178. route
    method
  179. systolic pressure
    the number at which the first sound is heard or the highest number when blood pressure is measured
  180. tachycardia
    pulse rate over 100 bpm
  181. temperature
    measurement of body heat
  182. TPR
    abbreviation for temperature, pulse and respiration
  183. VS
    abbreviation for vital signs: temperature, pulse, respiration and blood pressure
  184. activities of daily living
    daily activities necessary for people to complete basic needs such as hygiene, eating, eliminating and moving
  185. colostomy
    opening into the large intestine. the stool will be formed or semi-formed
  186. dependent
    relying on others, needing assistance from others
  187. friction
    rubbing against the surface
  188. gastrostomy
    opening into the stomach
  189. hygiene
    methods of preserving health. usually refers to keeping the body clean
  190. ileostomy
    opening into the small intestine the stool will be liquid
  191. lesion
    an opening or sore on the skin
  192. ostomy
    surgical creation of the stoma
  193. perineal care
    bathing or cleaning the area of the body which includes the genitals, groin and rectal areas. usually called peri-care
  194. paralysis
    loss of function usually of an extremity
  195. podiatrist
    individual who specializes in the care of feet
  196. pressure ulcers(decubitus)
    any lesion caused by unrelieved pressure that results in damage to the underlying tissues.
  197. shearing
    force of the skin over the bone when the bone moves but the skin stays at point of contact
  198. stoma
    an artificial opening between a body cavity and the body surface
  199. tracheostomy
    opening into the windpipe in the neck
  200. ureterostomy
    ureter tube taking urine from the kidney is attached to the surface of the skin
  201. abduction
    movement away from body
  202. active range of motion
    range of motion exercises completed by the resident without asisstance
  203. adaptive equipment
    items such as eating utensils which are altered to make them easier to use by residents with functional limitations
  204. adduction
    movement towards the body
  205. ambulate
    to walk or assist the resident to talk
  206. atrophy
    decrease in size and strength, also referred to as wasting.
  207. body alignment
    correct position of the body for good posture
  208. contractures
    shortening or contraction of a muscle. may be due to spasms or paralysis and may be permanent
  209. exercise
    physical activity or series of specific body movements designed to strengthen the body or parts of the body
  210. extension
    to straighten
  211. external rotation
    to rotate the joint away or outward
  212. flexion
    to bend
  213. fowler's positon
    body position alignment of resident sitting in bed with the head of the bed is elevated to between 60-90 degrees. also referred to high fowler's.
  214. hemiplegia
    paralysis of one side of the body
  215. internal rotation
    to rotate the joint inward
  216. paralysis
    loss of ability to move a part or all of the body
  217. paraplegia
    paralysis of the lower part of the body and both legs
  218. passive range of motion
    exercises completed for residents who are paralyzed or unable to move their own joints freely or may not even be able to move. also referred to as PROM
  219. pivot
    turning motion
  220. progressive mobilization
    process that builds on activity steps which increase the resident's abilities
  221. quadriplegia
    paralysis of all four of the extremities and the trunk
  222. range of motion
    moving body joints through their normal motion
  223. rehabilitation
    a process in which the resident is assisted in reaching their highest level of ability physically, mentally and emotionally
  224. restorative care
    nursing care that is planned to promote resident's health and regain as much of their independence as possible
  225. semi-fowler's position
    body position alignment of resident sitting in bed with the head of the bed elevated to between 30-45 degrees. also referred to as low fowler's
  226. side-lying position
    body alignment position of resident lying on their side in bed. also referred to as lateral position
  227. supine position
    body alignment position of resident lying on their back in bed
  228. therapeutic tubing
    hollow cylinders, usually plastic or rubber which carries liquids or gases into or out of the body.
  229. transfer
    move from one surface or place to another.
  230. aspiration
    inhaling liquids into the lungs
  231. CVA
    cerebral vascular accident
  232. dehydration
    lack of or insufficient water or fluid in the body
  233. diet
    food and fluids regularly consumed by a person as a part of normal living
  234. dietitian
    a person who has a degree in nutrition; plans and manages therapeutic diets
  235. dysphagia
    difficulty swallowing
  236. essential nutrients
    necessary nutrients in food needed by the body to supply heat and energy build or repair tissue and regulate body functions: proteings, carbs, fats, vitamins and minerals and water
  237. "myplate"
    illustrates the five food groups using a familiar mealtime visual, a place setting.
  238. intake
    all liquids or fluids consumed
  239. nutrition
    process by which the body takes in food and uses it for growth, repair and maintenance of health
  240. output
    liquids that leave the body
  241. puree
    foods that are blended to a smooth consistency
  242. therapeutic or special diet
    diet ordered by a physician to help in the treatment of disease.

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