English Exam Flashcards

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English Exam Flashcards
2013-06-01 17:15:28
english grade poetry literature analysis

English 9 terms
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  1. Round Character
    A character with psychological depth and detail. He/she seems like a real person.  If a round character changes throughout the novel, he/she is a dynamic character.
  2. Flat Character
    A simple character without psychological depth. A flat character doesn't change throughout the novel, making her/him a static character.
  3. Protagonist
    The main character
  4. Antagonist
    The character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends.
  5. Types of Conflict
    Man VS. Man, Man VS. Society, Man VS. Nature, Man VS. Self
  6. Flashback
    Also called analepsis.  When a scene out of chronological order is put into the story.  A flashback fills in important details.  Internal analepsis is when you refer to something that has happened within the narrative.  External analepsis is when you refer to something that has happened before the narrative.
  7. Setting
    Time and place where the story is set.
  8. Conflict
    To come into disagreement or opposition.
  9. Conclusion/Resolution
    The outcome or result of a complex situation or sequence of events.
  10. Atmosphere
    The dominant mood or tone created in a work, often at the beginning.  The feeling created by the author to characterize the work.
  11. Introduction
    Setting the scene of the work
  12. Rising Action
    Action that leads to the climax
  13. Climax
    The peak point of the plot where the most action occurs, and the issues are thereafter resolved.
  14. Plot
    The (usually chronological) series of events that constitute the story.
  15. 1st person POV
    The story is told from the perspective of a character in the story.  (I, me, my, etc)
  16. 3rd Person Omniscient POV
    The story is narrated by an external voice who is not part of the action.  Omniscient narrators can tell the thoughts and feelings of characters.  Limited omniscient narrators can tell the thoughts of a limited number of characters (often just the protagonist).
  17. 3rd Person Objective POV
    The narrator is not the main character, the narrator sits outside of the action.  This narrator is not privy to the thoughts and feelings of the characters.  Often found in older works such as fairytales, romances, etc.
  18. Tone
    The author's attitude towards his/her subject matter.
  19. Mood
    The atmosphere or feelings of the story
  20. Indirect Characterization
    When the characters actions, reactions, and speech define a character without the narrator having to describe them
  21. Direct Characterization
    When a character is defined by the narrator explicitly talking about the character's traits or personality
  22. Personaification
    Giving inanimate objects or ideas human characteristics
  23. Hyperbole
    An exaggeration not intended to be taken seriously
  24. Metaphor
    Comparing different things without using like or as
  25. Simile
    Comparing different things using 'like' or 'as'
  26. Alliteration
    Repeated consonant sounds in close proximity
  27. Oxymoron
    When two seemingly contradictory terms are put together as a description
  28. Onomatopeia
    Words that mimic sounds (bang, moo, etc)
  29. Imagery
    Language that evokes the senses.
  30. Symbol
    Object or character that represents an idea
  31. Ballad
    Sentimental poem with short stanzas intended to be set to music.
  32. Sonnet
    A 14 line poem written in iambic pentameter.  There are two types of sonnets: Shakespearean (abab cdcd efef gg), Petrarchan (abba abba cde cde)
  33. Free Verse
    A poem that does not follow a set metrical pattern
  34. Concrete Poem
    A poem where the text block is a certain shape.  Often meaning is created through the shape
  35. Rhyming couplets
    Two lines of poetry that rhyme
  36. Blank Verse Poetry
    Unrhymed iambic pentameter
  37. Quatrain
    Stanza with four lines