A character with psychological depth and detail. He/she seems like a real person. If a round character changes throughout the novel, he/she is a dynamic character.
A simple character without psychological depth. A flat character doesn't change throughout the novel, making her/him a static character.
The main character
The character against whom the protagonist struggles or contends.
Types of Conflict
Man VS. Man, Man VS. Society, Man VS. Nature, Man VS. Self
Also called analepsis. When a scene out of chronological order is put into the story. A flashback fills in important details. Internal analepsis is when you refer to something that has happened within the narrative. External analepsis is when you refer to something that has happened before the narrative.
Time and place where the story is set.
To come into disagreement or opposition.
The outcome or result of a complex situation or sequence of events.
The dominant mood or tone created in a work, often at the beginning. The feeling created by the author to characterize the work.
Setting the scene of the work
Action that leads to the climax
The peak point of the plot where the most action occurs, and the issues are thereafter resolved.
The (usually chronological) series of events that constitute the story.
1st person POV
The story is told from the perspective of a character in the story. (I, me, my, etc)
3rd Person Omniscient POV
The story is narrated by an external voice who is not part of the action. Omniscient narrators can tell the thoughts and feelings of characters. Limited omniscient narrators can tell the thoughts of a limited number of characters (often just the protagonist).
3rd Person Objective POV
The narrator is not the main character, the narrator sits outside of the action. This narrator is not privy to the thoughts and feelings of the characters. Often found in older works such as fairytales, romances, etc.
The author's attitude towards his/her subject matter.
The atmosphere or feelings of the story
When the characters actions, reactions, and speech define a character without the narrator having to describe them
When a character is defined by the narrator explicitly talking about the character's traits or personality
Giving inanimate objects or ideas human characteristics
An exaggeration not intended to be taken seriously
Comparing different things without using like or as
Comparing different things using 'like' or 'as'
Repeated consonant sounds in close proximity
When two seemingly contradictory terms are put together as a description
Words that mimic sounds (bang, moo, etc)
Language that evokes the senses.
Object or character that represents an idea
Sentimental poem with short stanzas intended to be set to music.
A 14 line poem written in iambic pentameter. There are two types of sonnets: Shakespearean (abab cdcd efef gg), Petrarchan (abba abba cde cde)
A poem that does not follow a set metrical pattern
A poem where the text block is a certain shape. Often meaning is created through the shape