guidelines for infection control in dental care setting

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nando54321
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221946
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guidelines for infection control in dental care setting
Updated:
2013-06-02 14:47:49
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DH200L
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assignment 3
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  1. an example of an engineering control is?

    a) the one-handed scoop technique for recapping needles

    b) postponement of routine treatment for patients suspected of having TB

    c) instrument cassettes used to process instruments for reuse

    d) replacing sharps containers when they are full
    c-instrument cassettes used to process instruments reuse
  2. An example of a work practice control is?

    A. the one-handed scoop technique for recapping needles

    B. postponement of routine dental treatment for patients suspected of having active TB

    C. instrument cassettes used to process instruments for reuse

    D. a color-coded, puncture-resistant sharps container
    A. the one-handed scoop technique for recapping needles
  3. An exampleof an administrative control is?

    A.the one-handed scoop technique for recapping needles
           
    B.postponement of routine dental treatment for patients suspected of having active TB

    C.instrument cassettes used to process instruments for reuse

    a color-coded, puncture-resistant sharps
    container
    B.postponement of routine dental treatment for patients suspected of having active TB
  4. According to the CDC __________ carry the highest risk of disease transmission.

    A.non-critical items

    B.critical items

    C.semi-critical items

    D.None of the above.
    B.critical items
  5. Universal precautions minimizes the risk of exposure to

    A.blood and bloody fluids

    B.all body fluids except sweat

    C.all body secretions and excretions

    All of the above
    A.blood and bloody fluids
  6. Standard precautions minimizes the risk of exposure to?
          
    A.blood and bloody fluids

    B.all body fluids except sweat

    C.all body secretions and excretions

    D.All of the above.
    D.All of the above.
  7. Vaccines are recommended for healthcare workers to protect against __________.

    A.HBV

    B.influenza
       
    C.MMR (measles,mumps, and rubella)

    D.All of the above
    D.All of the above
  8. Tetanus vaccination is recommended for healthcare workers.

    A.True

    B.False
    A.True
  9. According to OSHA regulations and CDC guidelines, employees who decline vaccination against __________ must sign a declination form that the employer keeps on
    file.

    A.HBV

    B.HCV

    C.influenza

    D.MMR (measles,mumps, and rubella)
    A.HBV
  10. Sharps containers should be located
          
    A.at the front desk
           
    B.near all exits from the facility

    C.as close to the point of use as possible

    D.All of the above.
    C.as close to the point of use as possible
  11. CDC guidelines specifically recommend against __________.
        
    A.two-handed needle recapping

    B.handling needles with the sharp end pointed toward a team member's body

    C.bending, breaking,or removing needles before disposal

    D.All of the above.
    D.All of the above.
  12. Occupational injuries should be reported, evaluated, and otherwise managed 

    A.as soon as it happens
          
    B.after all the patients of the day have been treated and sent home
           
    C.on the first day the practice is closed for business so the employee won't miss work
         
    D.immediately before office hours the next morning
    A.as soon as it happens
  13. If hands are not visibly dirty or contaminated with blood or other potentially
    infectious materials, __________.

    A.       
    wash hands with an antimicrobial soap and water

    B.       
    wash hands with a non-antimicrobial soap and water

    C.       
    use an alcohol-based hand rub according to the manufacturer's instructions

    D.      
    Any of the above.
    • C.  
    • use an alcohol-based hand rub according to the manufacturer's instructions
  14. When assisting during a cavity preparation using a high-speed handpiece, __________
    constitute appropriate personal protective equipment.

    A.       
    utility gloves,face mask, protective eyewear, and gown

    B.       
    sterile surgeon's gloves, face mask, protective eyewear, gown, and shoe covers

    C.       
    exam gloves, face mask, protective eyewear, and gown

    D.       
    exam gloves, face mask, and gown
  15. __________ is a common skin condition among dental healthcare personnel that is often mistaken for an allergic reaction.

    A.       
    Type I hypersensitivity

    B.       
    Type IV
    hypersensitivity

    C.       
    Irritant contact dermatitis

    D.      
    Anaphylaxis
    • C.      
    • Irritant contact dermatitis
  16. __________ is reaction to allergens such as methacrylates, glutaraldehydes, and chemicals used in the manufacturing of gloves.

    A.       
    Type I hypersensitivity

    B.       
    Type IV hypersensitivity

    C.       
    Irritant contact dermatitis

    D.      
    Anaphylaxis
    • B.      
    • Type IV hypersensitivity
  17. The “dirty” side of the instrument processing area is used for __________.

    A.       
    receiving, cleaning, and decontamination

    B.       
    sterilizing

    C.       
    recording entries in the sterilizer monitoring log

    D.      
    storing instruments before distribution to chairside
    • A.      
    • receiving, cleaning, and decontamination
  18. “Flash” sterilization cycles are considered acceptable for __________.

    A.       
    routine instrument sterilization

    B.       
    processing implantable devices

    C.       
    faster sterilization of a device that will be used immediately

    D.      
    critical instruments that will be stored indefinitely before use
    • C.       
    • faster sterilization of a device that will be used immediately
  19. Use a biological indicator __________.

    A.       
    weekly

    B.       
    to monitor every load that contains an implantable device

    C.       
    to retest a sterilizer that failed its previous spore test

    D.      
    All of the above.
    • D.     
    •  All of the above.
  20. For clinical contact surfaces that are visibly contaminated with blood, clean the
    surfaces and disinfect using a __________.

    A.       
    a low-level disinfectant

    B.       
    a hospital disinfectant

    C.       
    an intermediate-level hospital disinfectant with tuberculocidal activity

    D.      
    a high-level disinfectant/sterilant
    • C.       
    • an intermediate-level hospital disinfectant with tuberculocidal activity
  21. With regard to parenteral medications, CDC recommends __________.

    A.       
    using single-dose vials whenever possible

    B.       
    using multi-dose vials whenever possible

    C.       
    combining leftover contents of vials to save money

    D.      
    changing needles so an anesthetic syringe can be reused on another patient
    • A.       
    • using single-dose vials whenever possible
  22. Surgical hand antisepsis involves?

    A.       
    handwashing using an antimicrobial soap and water

    B.       
    handwashing with plain (non-antimicrobial) soap and water, followed by application of an
    alcohol-based hand rub

    C.       
    handwashing with antimicrobial soap and water, followed by application of an alcohol-based hand rub

    D.      
    Either A or B.
    • D.      
    • Either A or B.
  23. Extracted teeth containing amalgam should be disposed of in a sharps container.

    A.       
    True

    B.       
    False
    • B.      
    • False
  24. Routinely evaluating the practice setting's infection control program ensures?

    A.       
    compliance with OSHA's Hazard Communication Standard

    B.       
    that it remains effective and up to date with current technology

    C.       
    that new regulations need not be incorporated

    D.      
    that disinfectant inventories do not contain expired products
    • B.       
    • that it remains effective and up to date with current technology
  25. Within the dental setting, reducing risk of disease transmission entails?

    A.       
    avoiding contact with blood and body fluids

    B.       
    limiting the number of “high-risk” patients treated in the practice

    C.       
    double gloving

    D.      
    ensuring that most patients are vaccinated against infectious diseases
    • A.       
    • avoiding contact with blood and body fluids

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