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2013-06-02 01:15:09

Alsop's lectures
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  1. Behaviours selected by evolution?
    Reflexive and instinctual
  2. habituation?
    our nervous system gets used to a non threatening stimuli so we don't produce a reaction to it.
  3. dishabituation?
    if we haven't been exposed to a stimuli that we were used to for a while then the response produced intially is produced again
  4. unconditioned stimulus?
  5. unconditioned response?
  6. neutral stimulus?
  7. conditioned stimulus?
    tone after being paired with the food.
  8. conditioned response?
    salivation to tone alone
  9. What are the four ways in which we learn?
    • Operant/ intrumental¬†
    • classical conditioning
    • habituation
    • observational learning
  10. what is a conditioned emotional response?
    • increased heart rate¬†
    • hair standing on end
    • flushes
    • muscle tension
  11. Watson and Raynor's experiment with little Albert showed?
    stimulus generalisation and fear
  12. What happens when we are stressed?
    We stop producing antibodies which get antichens, antichens make us sick
  13. Stimulus substitution?
    The cs becomes almost equal to the us. sometimes the ur and the cr can be opposite.
  14. Acquisition is?
    the process by which a CS comes to produce a CR. ie how a NS becomes a CS
  15. Continquency?
    A simple continquency between the US and the CS is not sufficient enough for conditioning to occur.
  16. Extinction?
    when the CS reduces because it is presented with out the US too many times
  17. Flooding?
    If your afraid of dogs, they put you in a room full of dogs to try reduce fear.
  18. What is it called when the closeness to a fear is slowly built up in intensity to overcome it?
    Systematic desensatisation.
  19. blocking is when someone has been _____ to the NS.
  20. Once a stimulus has become a CS then it can used used to condition another stimuli. What is this called?
    Second order conditioning
  21. sensory preconditioning occurs in the absence of UR. True or false?
  22. What is a biological constraint on classical conditioning?
    The animal reverts back to intinctual behaviour
  23. taste aversion learning?
    Drink to much gin it will make you sick, then you can't drink gin for a while, unless after time you teach your self that gin won't make you sick.
  24. Throndike's law of effect?
    Positive consequences increase the likelyhood of behaviour being repeated.
  25. Skinner's law of effect?
    Differes from Throndike's by punishers and reinforcers.
  26. reinforcer?
    good consequence
  27. punisher?
    bad consequence.
  28. primary?
    given straight after behaviour, smack.
  29. Token?
    only given after time, pocket money.
  30. continuous?
    Chocolate every time the child throws a patty.
  31. Partial?
    Chocolate only sometimes
  32. ratio- number of responses 
    Interval- after a certain amount of time
    true or false?
  33. Partial is more resistant to extinction.
    True or false?
  34. Premack's princple?
    running and screaming children.
  35. Name the four things needed for observational learning to occur?
    • Attention
    • retention
    • production
    • motivation
  36. Comparative cognition is?
    Monkeys learning language etc
  37. Clever Hans was reading his owner's body language. Who else was reading their owner's body language?
    washoe, the gardeners
  38. The Kellogg's, The Hayes', and the Gardener's all raised animals what were the animals names?
    Gua, Vicki and Washoe
  39. Who was Kanzi's owner?
    Sue Savage Rumbaugh