MedIV- Nervous System (A&P, Exam).txt

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heather.dundas
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222000
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MedIV- Nervous System (A&P, Exam).txt
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2013-06-02 07:28:19
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  1. what are the 2 parts of the nervous system?
    • CNS
    • PNS
  2. what are the 2 parts of the CNS?
    • brain
    • spinal cord
  3. what are the 4 "parts" of the brain?
    CCBV
    • cerebellum
    • cerebrum
    • brainstem
    • vestibular system
  4. what are the 4 sections of the spinal cord?
    CTLS
    • cervical
    • thoracic
    • lumbar
    • sacral
  5. what are the 2 functions of the spinal cord?
    • neurotransport
    • reflexes
  6. what are the 5 main functions that the cerebrum manages?
    • behavior
    • vision
    • emotion
    • learning
    • logic
  7. what are the 2 functions that the brainstem manage?
    • mental status
    • vitals (HR, RR)
  8. what are the 2 functions that the vestibular system manages?
    • balance
    • proprioception
  9. what are the 2 functions that the cerebellum manages?
    • coordination
    • balance
  10. if damage occurs on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen on the front and rear legs
    C1- T2
  11. if damage is seen on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen in the rear legs
    T3-L3
  12. if damage is seen on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen in the rear legs and perineum (soft tissue in genital area)
    L4-S3
  13. if damage is seen on these vertebrae, the effects are to be seen on the sciatic nerve and the perineum
    S1-S3
  14. how many cranial nerves are there?
    12
  15. which nerve can we visualize?
    optic, behind the eye
  16. why do we need to know about the nervous anatomy?
    • to ID and prognose dz
    • localize lesions
  17. what are the 5 most common CS of nervous disorder?
    BGMVT
    • behavior change
    • gait
    • mental status
    • vision
    • seizures
  18. what are the 8 other possible CS of nervous disorder?
    HCFWP
    NPB
    • head tilt
    • circling
    • falling
    • weakness
    • paralysis
    • nystagmus
    • pain
    • breathing changes
  19. what is nystagmus?
    • periodic rhythmic movement
    • involuntary, in unison
  20. what are the 3 types of nystagmus?
    • vertical
    • horizontal
    • rotary
  21. what are the 2 possible causes for nystagmus?
    • physiological
    • pathological
  22. what are the major parts of the neuro. exam?
    • hx
    • exam by vet/neurologist
    • localize lesion/damage
    • further testing
  23. what are the 5 possible tests to help dx the disorder?
    ***which is least helpful?
    • MRI
    • ***xray
    • CSF
    • CT scan
    • bloodwork
  24. what are the part of the PE that are neurologic related?
    (9) MPGRMPUCP
    • Mental state
    • posture
    • gait
    • reflexes
    • muscle tone
    • pain
    • urinary fx
    • cranial nerve tests
    • proprioception tests
  25. what are we looking for with muscle tone?
    asymmetry
  26. what are we doing to test proprioception?
    (3)
    PHW
    • paw knuckling
    • hopping
    • wheel barrowing
  27. what cranial nerves does the PLR test?
    2&3
  28. what cranial nerves does the Menace test?
    2&7
  29. what cranial nerves does the corneal reflex test?
    5&7
  30. what cranial nerves does the gag reflex test?
    9&10
  31. what cranial nerves does the oculo-vestibular reflex test?
    3, 4, 6, & 8
  32. miotic-
    constricted pupils
  33. mydriasis-
    dialated eyes
  34. anisocorea-
    diff. sized pupils
  35. what do relexes test?
    peripheral nerves and pathways to the spinal cord
  36. what is the most common reflex test?
    patellar reflex

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