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what is the most common nervous disorder in dogs?
seizures in young dogs are most often caused by ___ ___
seizures in older dogs are most often caused by a ___ ___
what are the 2 other causes for seizures?
- metabolic disturbances
seizures are not a ____, but a ____
what is the range for a normal length of a seizure?
what are the 3 phases of a seizure?
what is a "primary" cause for a seizure
what is a "secondary" cause for a seizure?
idiopathic epilepsy= ____ ____
idiopathic epilepsy usually is dx at __-__ years of age
what are 2 things that may induce a seizure?
what 3 things should be noted about each seizure?
what process is done to dx idiopathic epilepsy?
process of elimination
what tests are run to rule out other causes for the seizures?
*what are the other possible causes for the seizures?
- blood work
- other dzs
- base line liver fx
secondary epilepsy can have many causes such as:
- infx dz (distemper, rabies)
- lead poisoning
- brain tumor
- congenital dz
- metabolic dz
what are the 3 things that can cause metablic dz?
- kidney dz
- liver dz
what 2 toxins can cause 2ndary epilepsy?
status epilepticus is an ____
s. epilepticus has a possible result of ___/___
seizures lasting more than __-__ mins or ___ seizures are considered status epilepticus
tx with ___, check ___, monitor ___ with a s. epilepticus case
cluster seizures are considered more than ___ seizure in a 24 hour pd. or seizures occuring ___ ___ ___
phenobarb takes __-__ ___ to reach therapeutic levels
there is a possibility for ___ toxicity
how do you monitor a drug to ensure it doesnt reach toxic levels?
phenobarb. is not a ___
phenobarb is a ___
potassium bromide is a ___ ___