Europe in the 1800s.txt

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Europe in the 1800s.txt
2013-06-02 12:47:16
Honors Western Civ

Final Review Flashcards
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  1. Define Liberal.
    Political view in favor of change.
  2. Define Conservative.
    Political view in favor of tradition.
  3. Define Radical.
    Someone who feels strongly about an issue and acts on it.
  4. Define Legitimacy.
    Restoring heredity monarch to the throne.
  5. Define Balance of Power.
    Balance is split equally among the nations.
  6. Define Nationalism.
    A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to ones country.
  7. Define Industrialization.
    Increase in industry and factories.
  8. Define Communism.
    Form of socialism, class struggle results in classless society where everyone shares wealth.
  9. Who dominated the Congress of Vienna?
    The Conservatives of Lemens von Meternik of Austria.
  10. What were the results of the Congress of Vienna?
    • 1.They redrew national boundaries with no concern for culture
    • 2.They created loosley organized German confederation of Austria
    • 3.Restored monarch to their thrones
  11. What did Bismarcks Blood and Iron philosophy represent?
    The tone of his polices to build a strong unified Germany.
  12. Who led the Redshirts in the Italian unifcation movement?
  13. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain?
    • They had a stable government that wanted to improve the economy
    • They had a strong navy
    • They had natural resources
    • They had a favorable business climate
  14. What economic principles did Adam Smith advocate?
    • Free market
    • Explained supply and demand
    • No government regulation
    • Government had duty to keep some order
  15. Define Socialism
    All for one and one for all.
  16. How did Bismark unify Germany?
    Through politics and strengthening the army and creating an agressive foreign policy
  17. How did Cavor unify Italy?
    Also believed in Realpolitik; wanted to reform the economy , imrove agriculture, built roads and supported free trade
  18. Through what means did Bismark believe Germany could be unified?
    Through a strengthened army
  19. Why was Europe at peace for so long after 1815?
    The Congress of Vienna had settled many issues arising from all the Revolutions.
  20. What did Garibaldi and the Red Shirts do?
    They won over Sicily.
  21. Who threatened Germanys unification?
  22. Where the the Industrial Revolution begin?
  23. Where did the Industrial Revolution expand to?
    Europe, North America, most of the world.
  24. What were outcomes of Industrialization?
    Rural life ended, improved farming, new tech and population growth
  25. What was the main idea pushed by Adam Smith in his book The Wealth of Nations?
    The Greatness of a Free Market.
  26. Describe the effects of Britains enclosure movement and new farming technology.
    Farmout output rose, profit rose, villages shrank, laborers lost work.