Hepatitis

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nando54321
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222054
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Hepatitis
Updated:
2013-06-02 16:33:37
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  1. The presence of _________ in a patient's serum is considered to represent recovery and immunologic protection from hepatitisB.

    A.   
    Anti-HBc

    B.   
    Anti-HBs

    C.   
    HBeAg

    D.   
    Anti-HAV

    E.    
    None of the above.
    B.   Anti-HBs
  2. Persons with increased risk for infection with
    Hepatitis A include ____________. 

    A.   
    persons who have clotting factor disorder

    B.   
    illicit drug users

    C.   
    travelers to intermediate and high HAV-endemic countries

    D.   
    persons with chronic liver disease

    E.    
    All of the above.
    E.    All of the above.
  3. 1.   
    Germicides are tested for efficacy against
    Hepatitis B virus using ____________.

    A.   
    purified human Hepatitis B virus

    B.   
    duck Hepatitis virus

    C.   
    bovine Hepatitis virus

    D.   
    None, germicides are not tested for efficacy against Hepatitis B virus.
    B.   duck Hepatitis virus
  4. 1.   
    ________ of individuals infected with HBV
    become chronic carriers.

    A.   
    1%-5%

    B
    5%-10%.   

    C.   
    10%-15%

    D.   
    15%-20%
    • B
    • 5%-10%.
  5. 1.   
    ____________ Immunity is conferred by the
    administration of Hep B vaccine.

    A.   
    Artificial active

    B.   
    Artificial passive

    C.   
    Natural passive

    D.   
    Natural active
    A.   Artificial active
  6. 1.   
    Hepatitis A can be characterized as
    ____________.

    A.   
    transmitted primarily via
    the fecal-oral route

    B.   
    transmitted primarily through contaminated blood transfusions

    C.   
    transmitted primarily through unprotected sex

    D.   
    transmitted primarily through illicit injection drug use
    A.   transmitted primarily via the fecal-oral route
  7. 1.   
    ____________ may be traced to contaminated
    food or water, especially inadequately cooked shellfish.

    A.   
    Hepatitis A

    B.   
    Hepatitis B

    C.   
    PT-NANB

    D.   
    Both A and B.

    E.    
    All of the above.
    A.   Hepatitis A
  8. 1.   
    ____________ is least likely to include
    jaundice as a clinical symptom.

    A.   
    Hepatitis A

    B.   
    Hepatitis B

    C.   
    Hepatitis C

    D.   
    Hepatitis D
    B.   Hepatitis B
  9. 1.   
    The term "infectious" hepatitis is
    no longer used, but was formerly considered a synonym for ____________.

    A.   
    hepatitis A

    B.   
    hepatitis B

    C.   
    hepatitis C

    D.   
    A, B and C
    A.   hepatitis A
  10. 1.   
    The outer protein coat of the virus, termed
    hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), is detectable in infected blood and saliva
    as a surface component of the intact HBV. 

    Disinfectants with the ability to destroy M. tuberculosis within a ten-minute exposure are NOT capable of inactivating HBV on surfaces.

    A.   
    Both statements are true.

    B.   
    First statement is true. 
    Second statement is false.

    C.   
    First statement is false.  Second statement is true.

    D.   
    Both statements are false.
    • B.   
    • First statement is true. 
    • Second statement is false.
  11. 1.   
    HBV can be transmitted through direct
    contact.  HBV can be transmitted through indirect contact.

    A.   
    Both statements are true.

    B.   
    First statement is true. Second statement is false.

    C.   
    First statement is false. Second statement is true.

    D.   
    Both statements are false.
    A.   Both statements are true.
  12. 1.   
    After receiving the Hepatitis _____
    vaccination, healthcare professionals should receive a titer verify their
    ____________.

    A.   
    A / infectivity

    B.   
    C / immunity

    C.   
    B / infectivity

    D.   
    B / immunity
    D.   B / immunity
  13. 1.   
    A symptom of jaundice in a patient may suggest
    ____________.

    A.   
    drug-induced hepatitis

    B.   
    type A hepatitis

    C.   
    type B hepatitis

    D.   
    ET-NANB hepatitis

    E.    
    Any of the above.
    E.    Any of the above.
  14. 1.   
    As patients recovered from hepatitis B,
    antibodies to the antigen (anti-HBs) were found causing protection to future
    attacks.  HBsAg forms are present in low concentration in carriers of
    hepatitis B.

    A.   
    Both statements are true.

    B.   
    First statement is true.
    Second statement is false.

    C.   
    First statement is false. Second statement is true.

    D.   
    Both statements are false.
    • B.   
    • First statement is true.
    • Second statement is false.
  15. 1.   
    Risk factors associated with Hepatitis C include____________.

    A.   
    dental and medical procedures

    B.   
    piercings and tattoos

    C.   
    blood transfusions and
    injected drug use.

    D.   
    All of the above.
    C.   blood transfusions andinjected drug use
  16. 1.   
    The most important serologic marker employed
    in the diagnosis of hepatitis B infection and its chronic sequelae, is ____________.

    A.   
    HBsAg

    B.   
    HBcAg

    C.   
    HBeAg

    D.   
    transaminase
    A.   HBsAg
  17. 1.   
    Medical histories are the best way to
    determine if a patient is an infectious disease risk. 
    The same infection
    control procedures should be applied for every patient.

    A.   
    Both statements are true.

    B.   
    First statement is true. Second statement is false.

    C.   
    First statement is false.
    Second statement is true.

    D.   
    Both statements are false.
    • C.   
    • First statement is false.
    • Second statement is true
  18. 1.   
    A physician reports to you that a patient had
    a positive "Australia antigen" determination in 1976.  This test
    has to do with the diagnosis of ____________.

    A.   
    hepatitis D

    B.   
    hepatitis A

    C.   
    Both choice A and B.

    D.   
    Neither choice A nor B.
    D.   Neither choice A nor B
  19. 1.   
    The Dane particle is ____________.

    A.   
    hepatitis A virus

    B.   
    hepatitis B virion

    C.   
    hepatitis C particle

    D.   
    inclusion of hepatitis A virus

    E.    
    DNA polymerase enzyme
    B.   hepatitis B virion
  20. 1.   
    Hepatitis D appears ____________.

    A.   
    as a co-infection or
    superinfection associated with Hepatitis B

    B.   
    as a co-infection or superinfection associated with Hepatitis C

    C.   
    as a co-infection or superinfection associated with Hepatitis A

    D.   
    as an infection independent of any other Hepatitis virus
    • A.   
    • as a co-infection or super infection associated with Hepatitis B
  21. 1.   
    The hepatitis B serologic marker _________ is
    most associated with infectivity of hepatitis B infection.

    A.   
    HBsAg

    B.   
    HBcAg

    C.   
    HBeAg

    D.   
    bilirubin levels in urine

    E.    
    transaminase
    C.   HBeAg
  22. 1.   
    Hepatitis conditions are generally divided
    into ____________ stages.

    A.   
    prodromal, icteric, and convalescent

    B.   
    acute, chronic, and necrosis

    C.   
    inflammation, jaundice, and malaise

    D.   
    enteral, parenteral, and fulminant
    A.   prodromal, icteric, and convalescent
  23. 1.   
    Clinical signs of jaundice can be detected on
    the ____________.

    A.   
    nail beds

    B.   
    skin, sclera

    C.   
    gingiva

    D.   
    All of the above.
    D.   All of the above.
  24. 1.   
    With HBV, a full recovery occurs by the end of
    _________ in 90 – 95% of patients.

    A.   
    9 weeks

    B.   
    6 months

    C.   
    9 months

    D.   
    12 months
    B.   6 months
  25. 1.   
    Hepatitis ______ is the most common chronic
    bloodborne infection in the United States.

    A.   
    hepatitis A

    B.   
    hepatitis B

    C.   
    hepatitis C

    D.   
    hepatitis D
    C.   hepatitis C

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