History Final Exam Review part 1

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History Final Exam Review part 1
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2013-06-02 20:57:28
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  1. Why were the following colonies founded?
    Virginia
    Rhode Island
    Pennsylvania
    Georgia
    Massachusetts
    Maryland
    • Virginia: economic reasons
    • Rhode Island: to escape religious persecution
    • Pennsylvania: As a refuge for Quakers/ Religious Freedom
    • Georgia: For the deports/ economic reasons
    • Massachusetts: religious freedom
    • Maryland: For Catholics to escape religious persecution
  2. Why were the following dates important?
    1607
    1776
    1787
    1803
    1861
    1863
    1865
    • 1607: Jamestown was founded
    • 1776: Declaration of Independence
    • 1787: Constitution of the United States
    • 1803: Louisiana purchase
    • 1861: Start of Civil War
    • 1863: Gettysburg Address and Emancipation Proclamation
    • 1865: End of civil war





  3. Significance of documents:
    Magna Carta
    English Bill of Rights
    Mayflower Compact
    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
    Declaration of Independence
    Articles of Confederation
    Constitution
    • 1. limited power od the kind and listed the rights of citizens
    • 2.  gave power to parliament an listed more rights of English citizens
    • 3. first example of self-government in the North America
    • 4. first written constitution in North America
    • 5. declared independence from Britain
    • 6. 1st written constitution in U.S. that had many weaknesses
    • 7. Established the unites states system of government
  4. Explain:
    Common sense
    Federalist Papers
    Uncle Tom's Cabin
    Proclamation of 1763
    Emancipation Proclamation
    Treaty of Paris 1783
    • convinced many American colonists for the need to break away from Britain
    • reassured Americans that the states would not be over powered by the proposed national government
    • novel written that showed the horrors of slavery and it drew many people to the abolitionists' cause
    • banned colonial settlement west of the Appalachian mountains
    • freed the slaved in areas rebelling against the union
    • officially ended the Revolutionary War
  5. Explain the colonial leaders:

    Thomas Jefferson
    Paul Revere
    Thomas Paine
    George Washington
    Benjamin Franklin
    Patrick Henry
    Samuel Adams
    John Adams
    • Primary author of the DOI
    • Blacksmith who engraved the famous Boston Massacre. Also famous for warning that the British are coming.
    • Wrote Common sense to encourage colonists to break away from Britain
    • Commander of the Continental Army, 1st president
    • Proposed Albany Plan of union and helped secure French aid during the American Revolution
    • Famously said, "Give me Liberty or give me death."
    • founded sons of liberty and committees of Correspondence
    • 2nd President, passed alien sedition acts
  6. in what document did the colonists address their grievances to the king of England?
    Declaration of Independence
  7. what warnings did Washington's Farewell Address include?
    to stay neutral in its relations with other nations and to avoid entangling alliances
  8. Explain these Battles
    Lexington and Concord
    Saratoga
    Yorktown
    • first shots of the American revolution
    • turning point of the revolution
    • final battle of the revolution
  9. Explain
    Proclamation of 1763
    Stamp sugar acts
    Boston Massacre
    Boston Tea Party
    Intolerable Acts
    • king George 3 told colonists they couldn't pass west of the Appalachian Mountains  
    • Tax on Paper, documents and Sugar
    • Name calling and arguments led to fighting and 5 deaths, and this act was used as a propaganda
    • Colonists dressed as Native Americans and dumped tea in the Boston Harbor
    • Closed Boston and punished colonists
  10. what were the American and British advantages during the American revolution?
    • American- Familiar soil, reason to fight
    • British- trained army, more resources and money
  11. during the colonial period, why would it be important for a city to be located on a large body of water?
    fishing, shipping, trade with british
  12. 5 weaknesses of the AOC
    • 1. weak central gov
    • 2. no money
    • 3. quarrelling between states
    • 4. boundary disputes
    • 5. no respect from foreign countries
  13. difference between Federalist and antifederalist?
    • federalist- wanted a strong central gov, favored constitution
    • antifederalists- insisted on a bill of rights
  14. explain:
    3/5 compromise
    New Jersey plan
    Virginia Plan
    Great Compromise
    • for purpose of representation, slaves would be counted as 3/5 of a person
    • called fro equal representation for all states
    • called for representation based on population
    • lower house based on population upper house equal representation
  15. List and define the principles of the constitution:
    • 1. Popular sovereignty- power of the people to rule
    • 2. limited government- all leaders have to obey laws
    • 3. checks and balances- each branch of government can exercise checks and controls over the other branches
    • 4. separation of powers- the division of basic government roles into 3 branches- executive, legislative, and judicial
    • 5. individual rights- Bill of rights
    • 6. republicanism- people exercise their power by voting for political representatives
    • 7. sharing of powers between state and national government
  16. 5 freedoms in the 1st amendment
    speech, religion, press, petition, assembly
  17. first 10 amendments
    • 1. freedom of press, petition, assembly, religion, and speech
    • 2. right to bear arms
    • 3. no quartering of soilders
    • 4. no unreasonable search or seizers
    • 5. don't have to testify against yourself
    • 6. rights to a speedy trail
    • 7. trail by jury
    • 8. no cruel or unusual punishment
    • 9. powers reserved to the people
    • 10. powers not delegated to states by constitution
  18. when was the constitution written
    1787
  19. significance of the whisky rebellion
    uprising of people who refused to pay tax on alcohol
  20. how did voting rights change with the election of Jackson
    removed property requirements
  21. what were the crises of the Jackson administration
    • Indian removal act- trail of tears
    • nullification crisis
    • national dept
  22. meaning of tariff?
    tax on goods brought into a country
  23. immigrants from what European countries found work in factories
    Irish and germans
  24. what are interchangeable parts
    parts that are exactly alike, making them easy to replace
  25. what innovations came about during the Transportation Revolution?
    Steam engines, steamboats, and railroads
  26. Missouri compromise?
    • Proposed by Henry clay,
    • Missouri is a slave state
    • maine is a free state
    • 36 30 line

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