Med IV-Nervous System (Encephalitis-Vestibular Dz)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
222071
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Med IV-Nervous System (Encephalitis-Vestibular Dz)
Updated:
2013-06-02 18:28:13
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vti
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vti
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  1. 1.Encephalitis/Meningitis is a inflammation of what?
    The meninges/coverings of the brain
  2. 2 causes of encephalitis/meningitis that could be zoonotic.RD
    • rabies
    • distemper
  3. Other causes of encephalitis/meningitis:V,B,P,T,A,N
    • viral
    • bacterial
    • parasites
    • truama
    • autoimmune
    • neoplasia
  4. Dx encephalitis/meningitis:H,E,B,R,C,C/M
    • hx
    • exam
    • bloodwork
    • radiographs
    • csf analysis
    • ct/mri
  5. Distemper is a _dz
    viral
  6. Is distemper common?
    no due to vaccination
  7. c.s. distemper: F,R,V,D,S,A,P,D
    • fever
    • rhinitis
    • v+
    • d+
    • seizures
    • ataxia
    • paresis
    • death
  8. Name the two cogenital diseases: CH,H
    • cerebral hypoplasia
    • hydrocephalus
  9. Cerebral hypoplasia is associated with _/_virus in kittens exposed in utero.
    panleukopenia/distemper
  10. c.s. cerebral hypoplasia
    uncoordinated
  11. Is hydrocephalus common?
    no it is rare
  12. Who commonly gets hydrocephalus?
    small brachycephalic dogs
  13. Hydrocephalus is a fluid accumulation around the _
    brain
  14. Hydrocephalus may or may not have open _
    fontanels
  15. c.s. hydrocephalus: L,E,V,B,S
    • lack of training
    • excess sleepiness
    • vocalization
    • blindness
    • seizures
  16. Medically how would you tx hydrocephalus?DS
    • diuretics
    • steroids
  17. sx how to tx hydrocephalus?
    shunt fluid to abdomin
  18. 3 common emboli:FTA
    • fat
    • tissue
    • air
  19. An embolus is a _dz
    vascular
  20. An embolus is usually a _ clot that results in a _ that can be anywhere is the body.
    • fibrin
    • infarct
  21. What is important with an embolus?
    LOCATION!
  22. Vestibular disease is a disturbance of what part of the ear?
    inner
  23. Who gets vestibular dz? (2)
    • geriatric dogs
    • any age cats
  24. Although idiopathic, vestibular dz may be related to what?
    otitis
  25. c.s. vestibular dz: OB,HT,C,A,N,F,R,N,V
    • off balance
    • head tilt
    • circling
    • ataxia
    • nystagmus
    • falling
    • rolling
    • nausea
    • v+
  26. What 2 things are ruled out in order to dx vestibular dz?
    • ear disease
    • intracranial dz
  27. 28.tx vestibular dz (4)
    • antibiotics
    • antiemetics
    • motion sickness meds
    • sedatives
  28. Vestibular dz patients improve w/in _ hours and are normal in _ weeks.
    • 72 hours
    • 2-3 weeks
  29. Does vestibular dz recur?
    yes

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