A&P1

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Author:
TheseFights
ID:
222076
Filename:
A&P1
Updated:
2013-06-02 18:15:15
Tags:
anatomy physiology
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ch 1
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  1. ________ is considered the oldest medical science
    Anatomy
  2. Anatomy is to ________ as physiology is to ________.
    structure; function
  3. The analysis of the internal structure of individual cells is called
    cytology
  4. The study of the superficial and internal features in a specific area of the body is called ________ anatomy.
    regional
  5. The study of the first two months of development is termed
    embryology
  6. Cardiovascular function is an example of
    systemic physiology
  7. Organ physiology is to ________ as gross anatomy is to ________.
    cell physiology; microscopic anatomy
  8. Body levels in order from the most complex to the simplest?
    organism, system, organ, tissue, cellular, molecular
  9. Which organ system transports nutrients, metabolic wastes, gases, and defense cells?
    cardiovascular
  10. The kidneys and ureters are organs of the ________ system.
    urinary
  11. Which organ system removes carbon dioxide from the bloodstream?
    respiratory
  12. Skin, hair, and nails are associated with the ________ system.
    integumentary
  13. When homeostatic mechanisms fail, an individual will experience the symptoms of ________.
    disease
  14. When body temperature rises, a center in the brain initiates physiological changes to decrease the body temperature. This is an example of
    negative feedback.
  15. This type of feedback exaggerates the effects of variations from normal.
    positive
  16. If a response increases a disturbance, the control system is classified as a ________ feedback system.
    positive
  17. The integrating center for the negative feedback loop that regulates body temperature is the
    hypothalamus.
  18. An anatomical term that means the same as ventral:
    anterior
  19. The wrist is ________ to the elbow.
    distal
  20. Region that corresponds to the buttocks?
    gluteal
  21. What plane divides the body into right and left parts?
    sagittal
  22. A person lying on the bed and gazing at the ceiling is in the ________ position.
    supine
  23. Terms of anatomical direction are used to describe
    one body part in relation to another.
  24. The common term for the carpal region is the ________
    wrist
  25. The two major divisions of the ventral body cavity are the
    thoracic and abdominopelvic.
  26. The serous membrane covering the stomach and most of the intestines is called the
    peritoneum.
  27. The right pleural cavity contains:
    right lung
  28. Visceral pericardium is located
    on the heart itself.
  29. Identify a structure located within the mediastinum.
    pericardial cavity

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