Med IV:Nervous System (Brain Tumors-Discospondylitis)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
222102
Filename:
Med IV:Nervous System (Brain Tumors-Discospondylitis)
Updated:
2013-06-02 19:15:14
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. dx brain tumors: B,R,M,C
    • bloodwork
    • radiographs
    • mri
    • csf tap
  2. What is the most common brain tumor in dogs?
    meningitis
  3. tx brain tumor:SRCM
    • sx
    • radiation
    • chemo
    • meds
  4. Primary trauma
    brain damage from impact
  5. Secondary trauma
    brain damage from swealling or bleeding
  6. dx trauma
    • hx
    • exam
  7. Trauma prognosis depends on:LSD
    • location
    • severity
    • duration
  8. Cognitive dysfunction aka
    • senility(geriatric animals)
    • dementia
  9. c.s. cognitive dysfunction:D,AI,AS/W,LHT,DA
    • disorientation
    • aleteration in interactions
    • alterations in sleep/wake cycle
    • loss of house training
    • dec activity
  10. Name the monoamine oxidase inhibitor with a nearoprotective effect that treats cognitive dysfunction
    Anipryl (selegiline)
  11. How many cervical vertebrae?
    7
  12. How many thoracic vertebrae?
    13
  13. How many lumbar vertebrae?
    7
  14. How many sacral vertebrae?
    3 fused
  15. Name the 2 locations of IVDD:AF,NP
    • annulus fibrosus(rupture)
    • nucleus pulposus(extrusion)
  16. In IVDD the disk may _ or _
    • protrude
    • extrude
  17. c.s. for IVDD depend on: LSDD
    • location
    • speed
    • degree
    • duration
  18. 2 types of IVDD
    • Acute rupture + extrusion
    • Less severe extrusion
  19. IVDD symptoms:P,S,P,P,L
    • pain
    • sensory deficit
    • proprioceptive deficit
    • paresis
    • loss of deep pain (last)
  20. IVDD dx: NE,R,M
    • nervous exam
    • radiograph
    • myelogram is most dx
  21. IVDD tx:SR,M,_vs_.L
    • strict rest
    • muscle relaxant
    • steroid vs.NSAID
    • laminectomy
  22. laminectomy
    removal of bone
  23. 2 aka's of cervical vertebral malformation
    • wobbler syndrome
    • cervical spondylomyelopathy
  24. In cervical vertebral malformation _ and _ put pressure on the spinal cord
    • malformation
    • misarticulation
  25. What vertebrae are affected by cervical vertebral malformation?
    C5-C7
  26. Who is predisposed to cervical vertebral malformation?(3)
    • Doberman 2+
    • Great Dane 1+
    • horses
  27. c.s. wobbler
    progressive ataxia of the hind limbs
  28. dx wobbler:X,B,M,C,M
    • x-ray
    • bloodwork
    • myelogram
    • CT-best
    • MRI-best
  29. tx wobbler: S,N,,R,S
    • steroids
    • NSAIDS
    • restricted activity
    • sx
  30. In sx for wobbler what is done?
    • decompression and stabilization
    • sx anthroplasty (implant disks)
  31. dx spinal tumar:R,C,M,B
    • radiograph
    • CT
    • MRI
    • biopsy
  32. Discospondylitis
    bacterial or fungal infx in vertebrae
  33. c.s. discospondylitis: P,W,D,F,E,N
    • pain
    • weight loss
    • depression
    • fever
    • exercise intolerance
    • neuro
  34. dx discospondylitis: XBBC
    • x-ray
    • bloodwork
    • biospy
    • CS
  35. Poor prognosis for duscospondylitis but what is the tx?
    • long term antibiotic
    • 4-6 weeks of pain control

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