Med Terms 2

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Author:
liana_george
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222171
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Med Terms 2
Updated:
2013-06-03 05:59:07
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medical terminology
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Lesson 2
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  1. Body Cavity
    Space within the body that contains internal organs (viscera)
  2. Structural Organization of the Body in order?
    Cell->Tissues->Organs->Systems
  3. Extremity
    Limb
  4. Thoracic cavity
    Hollow area which includes the PLEURAL CAVITY and MEDIASTINUM
  5. Abdominal cavity
    Hollow area which includes the PERITONEUM and RETROPERITONEAL AREA
  6. Dorsal Body Cavities
    Cranial & Spinal (Vertebral)
  7. Ventral Body Cavities
    Thoracic, Abdominal & Pelvic
  8. Abdomin/o
    Abdomen
  9. Acr/o
    Extremities
  10. Brachi/o
    Arm
  11. Cervic/o
    Neck
  12. Lumb/o
    Lower back
  13. Pelv/i
    Pelvis
  14. Thorac/o
    Chest
  15. Phren/o
    Diaphragm
  16. Ventral
    Anterior- front surface of the body
  17. Dorsal
    Posterior- back side of the body
  18. Proximal
    Near the point of attachment to the trunk or near the beginning of a structure
  19. Distal
    Far from the point of attachment to the trunk or far from the beginning of a structure
  20. Inferior
    Below another structure, downward
  21. Superior
    Above another structure, upward
  22. Medial
    Pertaining to the middle, or nearer the medial plane of the body
  23. Lateral
    Pertaining to the side
  24. Deep
    Away from the surface
  25. Superficial
    On the surface
  26. Anter/o
    Anterior, front
  27. Caud/o
    Tail, lower part of body
  28. Cephal/o
    Head
  29. Dors/o
    Back (of body)
  30. Later/o
    Side, lateral
  31. Medi/o
    Medial, middle
  32. Poster/o
    Posterior, back (of body), behind
  33. Proxim/o
    Proximal, near
  34. Ventr/o
    Belly side of body
  35. Epi-
    Above, upon, on
  36. Inter-
    Between
  37. Intra-
    Within, into
  38. Peri-
    Surrounding
  39. Retro-
    Backward, behind
  40. Sub-, Infra-
    Below
  41. Supra-
    Above, upper
  42. Cephalad-
    Toward the head
  43. Caudad-
    Toward the tail
  44. Unilateral
    Pertaining to one side only
  45. Bilateral
    Pertaining to both sides
  46. Anteroposterior
    From front to back
  47. Anatomic Position
    Body in standard reference position; standing erect, arms at sides, palms facing forward
  48. Dorsal Recumbent
    Lying on back with legs bent and feet flat
  49. Fowler Position
    Lying on back with head of bed raised 45 degrees
  50. Lateral Recumbent
    Lying on the side
  51. Prone
    Lying face down
  52. Supine
    Lying face up
  53. Liver (right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small & large intestine
    Left Upper Quadrant OR Right Upper Quadrant
  54. Contains the liver (right lobe), gallbladder, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestine
    Right Lower Quadrant
  55. Parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube and left ureter
    Left Lower Quadrant
  56. Coronal (Frontal) Plane
    Vertical plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior halves
  57. Sagittal Plane
    Vertical plane dividing the body into left and right halves
  58. Transverse Plane
    Horizontal plane dividing the body into upper and lower halves
  59. Aden/o
    Gland
  60. Leiomy/o
    Smooth
  61. Lip/o
    Fat
  62. Morph/o
    Form, shape
  63. Necr/o
    Death
  64. Neur/o
    Nerve
  65. Nucle/o
    Nucleus
  66. Oste/o
    Bone
  67. Path/o
    Disease
  68. Cyt/o
    Cell
  69. Epitheli/o
    Epithelium, skin
  70. Fibr/o
    Fiber
  71. Hemat/o
    Blood
  72. Hist/o
    Tissue
  73. Hydr/o
    Water
  74. Ped/o, Pod/o
    Foot
  75. Pelv/i
    Pelvis
  76. Sarc/o
    Flesh
  77. Troph/o
    Nourishment
  78. Viscer/o
    Internal Organs
  79. Acute
    Referring to a disease of sudden onset & brief course
  80. Chronic
    Referring to a persistent disease or illness
  81. Etiology
    study of cause of disease
  82. Exacerbation
    An increase in the severity of a disease or symptoms
  83. Inflammation
    Cytologic & chemical changes in tissue in response to an injury or disease
  84. Lesion
    A pathologic change in tissue resulting from disease or injury
  85. Necrosis
    Pathologic death of cells or tissue
  86. Prognosis
    Predicted outcome of the disease
  87. -cyte
    Cell
  88. -oma
    Tumor
  89. -osis
    Condition (usually abnormal)
  90. -pathy
    Disease
  91. -plasia
    Formation, growth
  92. -sis
    Condition, state of
  93. -stasis
    To stop, control
  94. Cell
    Smallest independent unit of living structure
  95. Cytology
    Study of cells
  96. Histology
    Study of cells and tissues
  97. Homeostasis
    State of equilibrium
  98. Body system
    Group of organs with related structure or function
  99. Organ
    Structure of similar tissues or cells with a specific function
  100. Tissue
    Aggregation of similar cells performing a specific function
  101. Dermatologists
    Integumentary (skin) system
  102. Neurologist
    Nervous system
  103. Orthopedists
    Musculoskeletal system
  104. Endocrinologists
    Endocrine system
  105. Symptom
    • Subjective
    • History
    • Patient/family
  106. Sign
    • Objective
    • Physical finding
    • HCP/staff
  107. What is in a Medical Record?
    • Chief Complaint (CC)
    • History of Present Illness (HPI)
    • Past Medical History (surgical, social, family)
    • Review of Systems
    • Physical Examination (Vital signs, Inspection, Palpation, Auscultation & Percussion)
    • Lab & X-ray Data
    • Diagnosis
    • Disposition (Treatment & Plan)
  108. Palpation
    Examining by touch
  109. Auscultation
    Listening to sounds- stethoscope
  110. Percussion
    Tapping on surface to determine difference in density of underlying structure
  111. HIPAA
    Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (1996) to facilitate health insurance reform, implement standards for the transfer of health data, and protect the privacy of healthcare consumers

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