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A type of inductive theory that is based on (grounded in) field observation.
The researcher makes observations in natural settings and then formulates a tentative theory that explains those observations
An expectation about the nature of things derived from a theory. It is a statement of something that ought to be observed in the real world if the theory is correct
The determination of whether the expectations that a hypothesis represents are indeed found in the real world
That quality of science (and other inquiries) whereby two different researchers studying the same problem arrive at the same conclusion.
We agree that something is "objectively" true if independent observers with different subjective orientations conclude that is "true"
- A fundamental perspective or model that organizes our view of the world.
- Thomas Kuhn (1996) coined this term in the philosophy of science. Paradigms affect how we select and define problems for research, together with the methods we use in conducting research
A systematic explanation for the observed facts and laws that relate to a particular aspect of life.
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