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what happens to the ventricles in schizophrenia?
they increase and everything else decreases as a result
presentation of massive pe?
- cardiogenic shock--- leading to syncope
what are the manifestations in terms of glucocorticoids and androgens in the 3 forms of cah?
- in 11 ---excess androgen and glucocorticoid
- 17--excess glucocorticoids
- in 21--excess androgen and low glucocorticoid
when do you intubate burn victims?
- any signs of burn in the face/oropharynx
- confinement in a burning building
- caboxyhemoglobin >10%
when suspecting lichen sclerosis, next step in managmeent if unsure?
/any kind of lichen of vulva, rx?
rx for impetigo, that is not severe?
topical muciprocin or oral erythromycin
types of injureis possible with a fall on outstretched hand?
- rotator cuff tear
- surgical neck of femur fracture
increased incidence of oxalate kidney stones occur in what two conidtions?
ethylene glycol consumption
fat malabsortption syndromes--celiac sprue, tropical sprue, chronic pancreatitis
difference on labs between iron defi anemia and thalassemia?
iron def--htc<30, rdw is increased
thalasemias--hct>30 and rdw is normal
rx for alpha and beta thalasemia minor?
most common cause of death in mi?
what is the problem with bone in the following?
- decreased mineratlization of bone and cartilage
- decreased mineralization of bone
- normal mineralization of bone but low bone mass
toxcitiy of theophyliline/>
- everything is fast
- gi--nausea, diarrhea
what pathology of gi is out of proportion to the physical?
ischemia to the colon
factors taht exacerbate menieres disease?
gait of parkinsons?
hypokinetic and shuffling gait
two causes of liver cysts?
hydatid---echinoccocus from dogs
when is estrogen used for stress incontinence?>
in post menopausal women
veisourethral reflux eventaully leads to ?
reactive arthritis(reiter's) is seen secondary to what?
- chlamydial infection
- or campylobacter infection
how to tell if hypercalcemia is from a primary hyperparathryoid adenoma or malignancy?
malignancy has very high ca >12.5
milk alkali syndrome?
- metabolic alkalosis
- renal failure
risk factors for pancreatic cnacerS?
- chronic pancreatitis
- high fat die
- family history
painless loss of vision from emboli
- hereditary spherocytosis