Med Term Chp. 3 & 4

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brennakay
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222275
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Med Term Chp. 3 & 4
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2013-06-03 22:50:23
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Musculoskeletal System Integumentary
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chapters 3 & 4
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  1. Acetabul/o
    Acetabulum - the socket into which the femoral head fits
  2. ankyl/o
    stiff
  3. Arthr/o
    joint
  4. articul/o
    joint
  5. burs/o
    burs (sac of fluid near a joint)
  6. calc/o
    calci/o
    calcium
  7. carp/o
    wrist
  8. cervic/o
    neck
  9. chondr/o
    cartilage
  10. kyph/o
    posterior curvature, hump back
  11. lamin/o
    lamina (part of vertebral arch)
  12. lord/o
    curve, sway back
  13. lumb/o
    loins, lower back
  14. malleol/o
    malleolus (rounded portion of ankle bone)
  15. maxilla/o
    uppr jaw bone
  16. metacarp/o
    hand bones
  17. metatars/o
    foot bones
  18. my/o
    muscle
  19. nyel/o
    bone marrow
  20. squam/o
    scaly
  21. follicul/o
    follicle
  22. pil/o
    hair
  23. sudor/i
    sweat
  24. kerat/o
    hard, horny
  25. melan/o
    black
  26. derm/o
    skin
  27. adip/o
    fat
  28. sebac/o
    oil, sebum
  29. onych/o
    nail
  30. Orthopedics
    bones, brittle bones
  31. Physiatry
    medication, exercise, non-surgical
  32. What are functions of bones and muscles?
    • Acts as a framework for organ systems
    • Protects many of the body's organs
    • Provides organism with ability to move
    • Storage of minerals
  33. oste/o
    oss/i
    osse/o
    bones
  34. muscul/o
    my/o
    myos/o
    muscles
  35. arthr/o
    articul/o
    joints, articulations
  36. ligament/o
    syndesm/o
    ligaments
  37. tendin/o
    tend/o
    ten/o
    tendons
  38. fasci/o
    fascia
  39. cartilag/o
    chondr/o
    cartilage
  40. long bones
    femur/humerus
  41. short bones
    carpals/tarsals
  42. flat bones
    sternum/scapula
  43. irregular bones
    vertebrea
  44. sesamoid bones
    patella, oval shaped bone
  45. Osteocytes
    mature bone cells
  46. Osteoblasts
    cells that build bone
  47. Osteoclasts
    cells that break down bone cells
  48. compact bone
    outer layer of bone
  49. cancellous
    spongy bone
  50. myel/o
    medullary cavity, bone marrow
  51. diaphysis
    long shaft of bone
  52. epiphysis
    end of bone
  53. epiphyseal plate
    bone growth occurs here, growth plate
  54. metaphysis
    formed from the epiphysis and epiphyseal plate
  55. bone processes
    serve as attachments for muscles and tendons
  56. bone depressions
    openings or hollow regions help join bones or serve as passageways for nerves and or vessels
  57. condyle
    condyl/o
    round projection of (bone process)
  58. crest
    narrow elongated elevated (bone process)
  59. epicondyle
    epicondyle/o
    projection (bone process)
  60. head
    rounded portion (bone process)
  61. spine
    spin/o
    thorn like (bone process)
  62. trochanter
    trochanter/o
    bony projection (bone process)
  63. tubercle
    tubercul/o
    small raised area (bone process)
  64. tuberosity
    projection or elevation (bone process)
  65. fissure
    fissure/o
    cleft or groove (bone depression)
  66. foramen
    plural-foramina
    foramin/o
    opening or hole (bone depression)
  67. fossa
    plural-fossae
    foss/o
    hollow or depression (bone depression)
  68. sinus
    pl. sinuses
    sinus/o
    sin/o
    cavity (bone depression)
  69. sulcus
    pl. sulci
    sulc/o
    groove not as deep as a fissure (bone depression)
  70. The knuckle-like process at the end of a bone near the joint?
    condyle
  71. The process of bone formation is?
    ossification
  72. Axial skeleton consists of?
    skull, rib cage, vertebrea
  73. Skull
    cranium-crani/o
    • frontal bone
    • parietal bone-bi-lateral
    • occipital bone
    • temporal bone
    • ethmoid bone
    • sphenoid bone
  74. zygoma
    zygom/o
    zygomat/o
    facial bone
  75. lacrimal bones
    lacrim/o
    facial bones
  76. maxilla
    maxilla/o
    facial bone
  77. mandible
    mandibul/o
    facial bone
  78. vomer
    vomer/o
    facial bone
  79. palatine bones
    palat/o
    facial bones
  80. cost/o
    ribs
  81. true ribs
    7
  82. false ribs
    5
  83. floating ribs
    2
  84. stern/o
    sternum
  85. spinous process
    spin/o
    vertebrea
  86. lamina
    lamin/o
    vertebrea
  87. vertebral body
    vertebrea
  88. transverse process
    vertebrea
  89. spine
    26 vertebrea
  90. cervical vetebrae
    cervic/o
    c1 - c7
  91. thoracic vertebrae
    thorac/o
    T1-T12`
  92. Lumbar vertebrae
    L1-L5
  93. Sacral vertebrae
    sacr/o
    S1-S5
  94. coccygeal vertebrae
    tail bone
  95. Thorax bones
    • clavicle
    • scapula
    • sternum
    • ribs
  96. extremities- arm and hand bones
    • humerus
    • ulna (pinky side)
    • radius (thumb side)
    • carpals
    • metacarpals
    • phalanges
  97. pelvic bones
    • pelvic girdle
    • ilium
    • ischium
    • pubis
  98. upper appendicular skeleton
    • scapula
    • clavicle
    • arms- humerus, radius and ulna
    • carpals
    • metacarpals
    • phalanges
  99. lower appendicular skeleton
    • pelvis- ilium, ischium, pubis
    • legs- femur, patella (knee cap), tibia (big toe side), fibula (outside bone)
    • tarsals
    • metatarsals
    • phalanges
  100. Term for upper arm bone?
    humerous
  101. orth/o
    straight
  102. scoli/o
    crooked
  103. spondyl/o
    vertebra
  104. vertebr/o
    vertebra
  105. clavicul/o
    clavicle
  106. cost/o
    ribs
  107. crani/o
    cranium, skull
  108. femor/o
    femur
  109. fibul/o
    fibula
  110. humer/o
    humerous
  111. ili/o
    ilium
  112. ishi/o
    ischium
  113. malleol/o
    malleolus
  114. mandibul/o
    mandible, lower jaw
  115. maxill/o
    maxilla, upper jaw
  116. metacarp/o
    metacarpals
  117. olecran/o
    olecranon, elbow
  118. patell/o
    patella, knee cap
  119. pelv/i
    pelvis
  120. metatars/o
    metatarsals
  121. phlang/o
    phalanges
  122. pub/o
    pubis
  123. radi/o
    radius
  124. scapul/o
    scapula
  125. stern/o
    sternum
  126. tars/o
    tarsals
  127. tibi/o
    tibia
  128. uln/o
    ulna
  129. Muscle types
    • skeletal
    • smooth
    • heart
    • antagonistic- flexor/extensor
    • synergistic
  130. Tendons
    • origin
    • insertion
  131. -blast
    build up, embryonic cell
  132. -clast
    breakdown, to break
  133. -listhesis
    slipping
  134. -malacia
    softening
  135. -tome
    instrument to cut
  136. The connective tissue that binds muscles to bones is?
    tendon
  137. Muscle Naming
    • location
    • number of insertions
    • size
    • shape
    • muscle action
    • origin/insertion
  138. sternocleidomastoid muscle
    • neck muscle
    • mastoid process/insertion
    • sternum/origin
  139. muscle action
    extension
    up to ceiling
  140. muscle action
    flexion
    down to floor
  141. muscle action
    adduction
    down, towards body
  142. muscle actions
    abdution
    up, away from body
  143. muscle action
    supination
    palms out
  144. muscle action
    pronation
    nails out
  145. muscle action
    dorsiflexion
    toes to ceiling
  146. muscle action
    plantar flexion
    pointing toes into floor
  147. muscle action
    eversion
    big toe down
  148. muscle action
    inversion
    big toe up
  149. muscle action
    protraction
    leg up to ceiling
  150. muscle action
    retraction
    leg back to wall
  151. A patient who experiences pain when stretching out his leg has problems with?
    extention
  152. Movement away from the midline?
    abduction
  153. polydactyly
    too many
  154. syndactyly
    joined
  155. spina bifida occulta
    bony spinal canal malformation
  156. talipes
    clubfoot
  157. A softening of the bone is?
    osteomalacia
  158. Bunion
    joint disease
  159. gnathalgia
    jaw pain
  160. OA
    OSTEOARTHRITIS
  161. DJD
    degenerative joint disease
  162. RA
    rheumatoid arthritis
  163. arthrosis
    abnormal joint condition
  164. baker cyst
    cyst of synovial fluid
  165. bursitis
    inflammation of joint
  166. crepitus
    cracking sound in joints
  167. tendonitis
    inflammation of tendons
  168. dorsalgia
    back pain
  169. lumbago
    back pain
  170. Malcurvatures of the spine
    • scoliosis
    • lordosis- sway back
    • kyphosis- hunch back
  171. spondylolisthesis
    vertebra slipping
  172. spinal stenosis
    narrowing of spine
  173. spondylosis
    abnormal condition of spine
  174. closed/open fracture
    break/protruding
  175. pathological fracture
    spontaneous
  176. comminuted fracture
    crushed
  177. compression
    collapse
  178. impacted fracture
    driven into
  179. hairline fracture
    minor
  180. greenstick fracture
    partially bent
  181. salter-harris fracture
    epiphyseal plate in children
  182. sprain
    injury to ligaments
  183. strain
    overstreching
  184. dislocation
    out of socket joint
  185. subluxation
    partial dislocation
  186. What type of fracture is at the distal end of the radius?
    colles
  187. exostosis
    abnormal condition bony growth
  188. osteoma
    benign bone tumor
  189. chondroma
    benign tumor of the cartilage
  190. leiomyoma
    benign smooth muscle tumor
  191. osteosarcoma
    ewing sarcoma
    malignant tumor
  192. chondrosarcoma
    malignant cartilage tumor
  193. leiomyosarcoma
    malignant smooth muscle tumor
  194. A malignant tumor of cartilage?
    chondrosarcoma
  195. arthrography
    x-ray of joint
  196. arthroscopy
    visual exam of joint CT SCAN
  197. BISPHOSPHONATES
    helps bone formation
  198. Function of Integumentary system
    • first line of defense
    • temp regulation- shivering/sweating
    • sensation
    • synthesis of vit D
    • elimination of waste
  199. functions of skin
    • provides protective membrane
    • skin glands lubricate and cool skin
    • preceptor for sensations
    • helps maintain body temperature
  200. stratified squamous epithelium
    squam/o
    stratum corneum
    corne/o
    outer most layer of epidermus
  201. basal layer
    bas/o
    stratum germinativum
    deepest layer of epidermus
  202. keratinocytes
    keratin- hard protein material
  203. melanocytes
    melanin- gives skin its color
  204. dermis
    composed of vascular connective tissue
  205. dermis structures
    • blood and lymphatic vessels
    • nerves
    • hair follicles - follicul/o
    • sebaceous gland - sebac/o sedor/i
  206. The hair follicles are located in the?
    dermis
  207. subcutaneous tissue
    adipose tissue - insulates and cushions body
  208. sudoriferous glands
    hidraden/o
    sweat glands
  209. sebaceous glands
    sebum - seb/o
    secretes oil to lubricate hair and skin
  210. hair follicles
    shaft
    part you can see
  211. hair follicles
    papilla - papill/o
    under the shaft located in dermis
  212. onych/o
    ungu/o
    nails
  213. nail body
    nail plate
    visual surface of nail
  214. nail root
    just under skin/base of nail
  215. nail bed
    vascular tissue under body
  216. lunula
    moon like area at base of nail
  217. Which area of the skin is a vascular
    epidermis
  218. caus/o
    burn, burning
  219. albin/o
    white
  220. cauter/o
    heat, burn
  221. cutane/o
    skin
  222. kerat/o
    hard tissue
  223. myc/o
    fungus
  224. onych/o
    nail
  225. diaphor/o
    profuse sweating
  226. erythema/o
    erythemat/o
    redness
  227. hidr/o
    sweat
  228. ichthy/
    scaly, dry
  229. pil/o
    hair, hair follicle
  230. py/o
    pus
  231. seb/o
    sebum
  232. squam/o
    scale like
  233. steat/o
    fat
  234. trich/o
    hair
  235. xer/o
    dry
  236. Which combining form refers to the same color as jaundo/o?
    xanth/o
  237. anthrac/o
    black as coal
  238. chlor/o
    green
  239. cirrh/o
    tawny yellow
  240. eosin/o
    rosy
  241. lute/o
    yellow
  242. poli/o
    gray
  243. xanth/o
    yellow
  244. primary lesion
    initially occur/result of disease/trauma
  245. secondary lesion
    evolved from primary lesion
  246. nodules
    palpable solid lesions
  247. cysts
    filled with semi-solid materials
  248. tumors
    • larger than 2 cm
    • can be used to explain any mass or swelling
  249. hematomas
    collections of blood trapped in tissues and can be felt
  250. petechia
    tiny ecchymosis in dermal layer
  251. ecchymosis
    hemorrhage of blood into subcutaneous tissue (bruise)
  252. purpura
    massive hemorrhage
  253. macules
    • flat non-palpable discoloration 1cm, freckles
    • patches large flat macule 1cm
  254. papules
    raised solid 1cm
  255. Wheals
    • circumscribed, elevated papule caused by localized edema
    • allergic reaction caused by bug bites, hives
  256. vesicles blisters
    • circumscribed elevated lesion
    • fluid filled 1/2 cm
  257. pustules
    • similar to vesicles but raised
    • pus filled from infection
  258. atrophy
    paper thin skin usually found on the elderly
  259. cicatrix
    scar
  260. keloid
    scar - overgrowth of tissue at site of injury
  261. fissure
    crack-like lesion of the skin
  262. ulcer
    • circumscribed crater-like lesion of skin/mucous membrane
    • can be found on outer surface as well as inside the body
  263. The term for a blister is?
    vesicle
  264. Atopic dermatitis
    chronic superficial inflammation
  265. cellulities
    bacterial inflammation
  266. contact dermatitis
    inflammation - irritated or alleric response
  267. eczema
    dermitis
  268. folliculitis
    inflammation of hair follicle
  269. furuncle
    superficial staph infection that starts in gland/hair follicle
  270. carbuncle
    two or more furuncles
  271. impetigo
    superficial vesiculopustular skin infection, highly contagious - children
  272. pilonidal cyst
    hairs that grow in a cyst
  273. seborrheic dermatitis
    • inflammatory scaly disease of face/scalp
    • in children called cradle cap
  274. pruritus
    itching
  275. Dermatomycoses
    tinea - fungus
  276. tinea - fungus
    capitis
    head
  277. tinea - fungus
    corporis
    body
  278. tinea - fungus
    cruris
    groin, jock itch
  279. tinea - fungus
    pedis
    foot
  280. pediculosis
    infection with lice
  281. scabies
    infection with mites
  282. A combining form for fungus?
    myc/o
  283. Exanthematous disieases
    • rash
    • measles, mumps, rubeola, chicken pox
  284. Herpes simplex virus HSV
    • HSV-1 - blisters/cold sores
    • HSV-2 - genital herpes
  285. Herpes zoster -Shingles
    acute painful rash caused by reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus-chicken pox
  286. callus
    thickening of top layer of epidermis
  287. Corn/calvus
    mass of hard tissue over bony prominence
  288. decubitus ulcer
    • pressure sore
    • bedsore
    • pressure ulcer
  289. anhidrosis
    abnormal condition of no sweating
  290. hidradenitis
    inflammation of sweat gland
  291. hyperhidrosis
    excessive sweating
  292. miliaria
    condition of occluded (blocked) sweat ducts
  293. alopecia
    • hair loss or baldness
    • absence of hair where it normally grows
  294. psoriasis
    • chronic skin disorder
    • circumscribed salmon red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery scales
  295. Albinism
    lack of pigmentation
  296. dyschromia
    • abnormal condition of pigmentation
    • hyperchromia
    • hypochromia
  297. vitiligo
    • patches of skin that lack pigment
    • acquired disorder
    • unknown origin
  298. Onychia
    inflammation of nail
  299. onychocryptosis
    in grown nail
  300. onychomycosis
    fungus of nails

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