Geo 113: Part 1

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dante01
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222359
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Geo 113: Part 1
Updated:
2013-06-05 16:21:00
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  1. 3 forest types
    • 1. Tropical rainforests
    • 2. Dry forests
    • 3. Tropical dry forests
  2. Cloud forests
    • Where: Mexico, Latin America, Ecuador, Andes (any mountain over 1,000 M)
    • Why: orographic precipitation
    • Species: 200 species per hectare
  3. Bromelaids
    • -tropical plant family
    • -leaf axis fill with water
    • 1. good home for frog
    • 2. some frogs use it for reproduction
    • -Ex: PINEAPPLE
  4. Tropical rainforests
    • Where: amazon, congo, S.east Asia
    • Why: ICTZ and orographic precipitation
    • Species richness: 300 species per 1 hectare
  5. Big Nine Plant families
    • 1. Moraceae
    • 2. Bombacaceae
    • 3. Fabaceae,
    • 4. Areaceae,
    • 5. Bignoniaceae,
    • 6. Myrtaceae,
    • 7. Apocynaceae,
    • 8. Rubiaceae,
  6. epiphytes
    • plants that grow on other plants for support
    • -orchids
  7. Areaceae
    • -Palm family
    • -Straight trunk,
    • -pinnate or palmate leaves
  8. Morricae
    • -Fig Family
    • -simple leaves
    • -alternate leaves
    • -latex
    • -conical terminal stipule
    • -hemi epiphyte
    • -flower: inside out
  9. Rubiacae
    • -Coffee
    • -simple entire opposite, stipules, a small leafy outgrowth at the base of a leaf or its stalk; -usually occurring in pairs
    • -NH: Cloud forest in Central and South America most common tree and shrub
    • -SPECIES ON CAMPUS: Gardenia, Coffee,
  10. Apocynacae
    • -jasmine family
    • -always simple, entirely opposite
    • -latex
  11. Fabaccae
    • -pea or legume family
    • -pinnate leaves, alternate
    • -3 groups based on flower
    • -acacia: pom pom
    • -bauhinia: open flower
    • -erythina: pea like flower
  12. Tropical dry forests
    • Where: brazil, madagascar, India, S.E Asia, Australia
    • why: fluctuation of ICTZ, orographic
    • Species: 75 species per hectare
  13. Bignoniaecae
    • -Tropical Snapdragon
    • -opposite compound leaves
    • -big nose
    • -tubular flower
    • -Ex:Purple flower around campus
  14. Mangroves
    • Where: salt water estuaries. SE Asia, Caribbean, Brazil
    • Why: no freeze, shallow water, halophytes: salt water plants
    • Species Richness: 5 species per hectare
    • -35 in SE Asian hectare
  15. myrtacae
    • -Eucalyptus
    • -Opposite, entire simple leaves, punctation unique
  16. Lianas
    woody vines
  17. anacardaceae
    • -Mango, cashew
    • -ID: Compound alternate leaves, smell like turpintine
    • -NH:¬†Poison Oak, Mango, Poison Wood Tree, Brazilian Pepper
  18. Bombacaceae
    • -columnar trunk and spreading crown
    • -palmate leaves
    • -alternate palmate leaves
    • -spikes on trunk¬†
    • -large showy flower

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