Reptilian Medicine: Chelonia

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
222471
Filename:
Reptilian Medicine: Chelonia
Updated:
2013-06-04 19:33:02
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. Chelonia is
    • turtles
    • toroises
    • terrapins
  2. How many species of turtles are there?
    270
  3. Chelonia is considered the most _ group of reptiles.
    primative
  4. Turtles are semiaquatic or aquatic, terrapins are semiaquatic, and tortoises are terrestrial. Who is the exception to this?
    the box turtle
  5. The carapace is what? How many bones?
    • dorsal part/armor of shell
    • 50 bones
  6. The plastron is what? How many bones?
    • the ventral part/belly of the shell
    • 9 bones
  7. Karatinized epithelium/scale like structures covering the bones of the shell
    scutes
  8. What is located between the pectral and abdominal scutes?
    a hinge
  9. Is the shell of the turtle a living structure?
    yes
  10. Do they have a diaphragm?
    no, but they do have a thin membrane that separates their cavities
  11. Respiration is achieved by contracting muscle mass b/t _ and _ limbs and body cavity _ changes during locomotion. (why moving their legs can force them to breathe)
    • pectoral and pelvic limbs
    • pressure changes
  12. Buccal pumping
    moving their legs to breathe
  13. How do some aquatic and soft shelled turtles exchange oxygen?
    through skin and other mucosal surfaces
  14. Can chelonians cough?
    no
  15. How long are their trachea's?
    short
  16. The lungs are large and attach to the:
    carapace
  17. Although chelonians still have a renal portal system if the front legs are not available for injections is it ok to put injections in the rear legs?
    Yes because they have a really slow metabolism
  18. Do their salivary glands produce digestive enzymes?
    no
  19. The stomach is on the _ side of the ceolomic cavity
    left
  20. Although the cecum is present is is _ _ _
    not well developed
  21. The digestive tract empties into the _
    cloaca
  22. Urogenital ducts empty into the neck of _ bladder.
    bilobed
  23. Males have a _ plastron, long nails on _, and a larger tail.
    • concave
    • front
  24. Females are the _ of the two and have long nails on the _ feet.
    • larger
    • back
  25. All chelonians are oviparous and have _ _ eggs
    soft leathery
  26. Humidity is to be set at _-_%
    50-70%
  27. What kind of light do chelonians need for vitamin D which is essential to their absorption of calcium?
    UV
  28. POTZ
    preferred optimum temperature zone
  29. POTZ for aquatic turtles
    72-82 F
  30. Aquatic turtles have _ shells and _ feet
    • flat
    • webbed
  31. The surface of a turtle's carapace should not exceed _% of cage.
    25%
  32. Water should be as deep as the _ _ _.
    width of shell
  33. Even when there is a water filter what should be done?
    full water changes
  34. Turtles are fed how often
    2-3 x a wk
  35. What else needs to be provided in a aquatic turtle's cage?
    a basking are
  36. Turtles require high protein diets what are some ways they can get this? (3)
    • fish
    • earthworms
    • pellets
  37. Tortoises require a considerable amount of space. Where are they best housed?
    outside
  38. POTZ for tortoise
    75-90 F
  39. If not outside the tortoise enclosure requires:
    • basking light
    • substrate (mulch or alfalfa pellets)
    • UV light
  40. What 2 substrates should be avoided?
    • cedar
    • pine
  41. Tortoises or terrestrial turtles have eyes on _ ,_ shells, and _ on feet
    • side
    • domed
    • claws
  42. What should be included in the terrestrial diet?(3)
    • leafy greens/veggies
    • fruits
    • pellets

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