Geo 113: Part 4

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Author:
dante01
ID:
222488
Filename:
Geo 113: Part 4
Updated:
2013-06-05 16:53:11
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Final
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study
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  1. Mammals
    • -skin glands
    • -hair
    • -large lungs and brains
  2. Mammal diversity
    • 4,400 mammal species
    • 900 bats
    • 2,000 rodents
  3. Corridor
    • -permits species to pass
    • -i.e. when Singapore was connected to Sumatra, Java, Borneo
    • -Florida Keys; India and Sri Lanka
  4. Filter
    • -restrict certain mammal movements
    • -shrews, beaver, bisons, bobcats:can't pass through tropics
    • -anteaters, guinea pigs (cant go to NH)
  5. Diurnal
    active during day
  6. Nocturnal
    active during the night
  7. Arboreal
    • -inhabiting or frequenting trees
    • -to ID: visual sightings, sound, eyeshine and brightness
  8. Terrestrial
    • -inhabiting land
    • -to ID: visual sightings, footprints/slicks, scat
  9. sloths
    • -2 or 3 toed
    • -so slow you can't see them
    • -moss grows on them
    • -only come down from the tree to use the restroom
  10. what bat eats
    blood, fish, meat, (small mammals), insects, nectar, fruit
  11. What is a flying fox and where do they occur?
    • -Pteropus
    • -fruit bat
    • -largest body size of all bats
    • -Tropics of Asia, Australia and East Africa
  12. why are bats good
    pollination, pest control, fertilization
  13. Bats
    • -fill the same niche as birds
    • -since 1946 only 20 ppl have died from bats in the US
    • -important pollinators, pest control
    • -webbed fingers
    • -use echolocation
  14. Opossum
    • -nocturnal arboreal marsupial
    • -having a naked prehensile tail
    • -found from southern North America to northern South America
  15. Jaguar
    • -largest New World cat
    • -up to 230 pounds
    • -track by footprints
    • -1 of the 6 cats found in South America
  16. Tapir
    • -native to Asia
    • -Mammal
    • -looks like anteater and pig
    • -diet:fruti, berries, leaves
  17. Prosimians: What and what they have
    • -lemurs, bush babies, tasiers
    • -long snout,
    • -good sense of smell,
    • -sees at night with big eyes,
    • -old world,
    • -small brain
  18. Monkeys
    • -large skull
    • -large brain
  19. New world vs old world Monkeys
    • 1. New World
    • -prehensile tails
    • -nostrils far apart
    • 2. Old World
    • -nostrils close
  20. Chimps
    -Pan troglodytes
  21. Pygmy Chimp
    -Pan paniscus
  22. Gorilla
    -Gorilla gorilla

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