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2013-06-04 22:12:49

Government Vocabulary
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  1. a document that outlines fundamental laws and principles of law; it describes the nature, functions, and limits of government
  2. type of government in which powers and duties between the states and the national government are shared
  3. having to do with the chief officer of a government
  4. a system whereby each branch of government has the ability to limit the actions of the other branches
    checks and balances
  5. an addition to a formal document such as a constitution
  6. the term for the fact that the powers of government are divided into three separate branches: legislature, executive, and judicial
    separation of powers
  7. the judicial branch of government, it tries cases involving government and administers justice
  8. composed of two legislative chambers or branches (House of representatives and senate)
  9. the power of the legislature to review the activities of the executive branch
  10. redrawing the boundaries of legislative districts depending on population changes
  11. a formal expression of opinion voted by an official group
  12. the power of the governor to veto individual items in a spending bill
    line-item veto
  13. a top government official who holds supreme command of a military force
  14. a financial plan based on expected earnings and proposals for spending the money
  15. of or relating to financial matters(taxation, public revenue, public debt)
  16. a tax based on the value of machinery and equipment that businesses use to produce income
    franchise tax
  17. an unexpected or sudden gift, gain, or advantage
  18. a city with a government that functions under the general laws of TX and often provides basic services such as police, fire protection, and water and sewage services
    general-law city
  19. a city with a government that has freedom to govern unless prohibited by state or federal laws
    home-rule city
  20. a form of city government in which the mayor has full executive authority( in weak type the governor shares duties with the city council)
    mayor council
  21. a local law
  22. a form of city government in which the council city hires a professional city manager to manage city affairs and prepare the budget; the mayor is mostly a figurehead
    council manager
  23. a form of city government in which citizens elect officers to head departments such as public safety and human services; the mayor has little power
  24. to determine the value
  25. the most important governing body in county government; responsible for determining the budget, setting the property-tax rate, and deciding how tax monies are spent
    commisioners court
  26. one of four districts that each texas county is divided into
  27. property in buildings and land
  28. an election in which candidates are not identified by any particular party
    nonpartisan election
  29. an activity of political parties:monitoring or keeping track of and informed about other parties' practices and decisions
    watchdog role
  30. organizations of people who share a common interest and seek to exert influence over a particular aspect of government
    special interest groups
  31. a series of laws in a constitution that protect specific rights of citizens
    bill of rights
  32. having to do with a law making body; congressional
  33. a note or guarantee issued by the government, promising to repay money it borrows with interest
  34. a set of laws pertaining to disputes between private citizens, businesses, and governments
    civil law
  35. an offense of lesser gravity that a felony
  36. a grand jury's decision that the evidence does not warrant an indictment
    no bill
  37. a member of a juury sworn to hear testimony, review facts, and hand down a verdict on a case
  38. a set of laws that describes what people can and cannot do; laws concerned with crime and punishment
    criminal law
  39. a group of citizens who determines whether there is enough evidence to charge someone with a crime
    grand jury
  40. a group of 12 peope who listen to evidence and decide on a verdict; also known as a trial jury
    petit jury
  41. to solve a problem or legal dispute through discussion and compromise rather than through the court system
  42. a serious crime for which punishment may be imprisonment or death
  43. a formal statement charging a party with the commission of a crime
  44. an agreement between a prosecutor and a defendent whereby the defendent is permitted to plead guilty to a lesser charge
    plea bargain