Card Set Information

2013-06-11 15:10:57

Show Answers:

  1. Assignment 2
    Using what you learned from Piaget and Vygotsky, do you believe it is better to push a child or leave him to learn at his/her own pace? Use information provided in the study guide and reading materials to answer this question. You may state your position, using rationale developed from your studies to support your stance
    What Piagets suggest I firmly believe you have to push learning. Since Piaget was the first pioneer in learning development his theories should take precedents. Learning is not going to come as easily as Vygotsky theorizes. For some students learning will come by stimulation and having a learning environment. Each student is different what works for some may not be assible to other. Learning is a process you have to know how to read before your can write. Pushing students is a good motivation to keep them moving or guiding them in the right directions. Rewarding students for accomplishments will keep them motivated as well.
  2. 1. Describe each of Piaget's 3 mental processes in child development. Describe each with a 2 - 3 sentence explanation
    • Organization: child thoughts and behavior process are arranged in a coherent system or structure called schemes built through
    • what they are experiencing. These process are called schemes. using a spoon to eat.
    • Adaptation : child thoughts are learning the ability to miniputlate their environment, Adaptation contains two processes- assimilation
    • and accomodation changing some existing schemes using new information using a tool to play games.

    • Assimilation and accommodation refer to the interaction and adjustment that individuals makes between his/her scheme and the objects and events in the world (Piagets ,2006). Assimilation is the person's active attempt to apply particular schemes to events, and accommodation is the person's adjustment of her/his schemes to the events to be known.
    • Jean Piaget considered development to be a continuous and creative interaction between the organism and the environment. He noted that both body and sensory activities contribute to a child’s development of intelligence, and he stressed the need for adequate stimulation in the early years. Piaget concluded that the child’s developmental stages dealt with specific cognitive behaviors that gradually and predictably changed in some specific order

    • Equilibrium child learns to balance thoughts to fit situation until it does fit situation. Eating lunch , or dinner needs different tools
    • . Piaget"s theory of developmental stages (2006). In Elsevier's Dictionary of Psychological Theories. Retrieved from http://www
  3. In a self-reflection, utilize the Expert and Novice teacher list from the online lesson to describe how these concepts relate to your personal skills. Include three areas that you would like to improve
    Most teachers I have met I must commend because they certainely made the impression of good teacher. judging myself I often look at the model teacher they displayed. I have always tried to question any doubts or relate to students in positive ways. I'm a constant self-checker after each task I run through and try to find where I might not have been at my best. I communicate effectively by constantly looking for feedback and sutteler ways to approach lessons or projects. Every good outcome usually begans with a good plan all activities and students should be accounted for. My instruction leave little room for error this keeps me as well as students within an agenda for constant interaction. Classroom activity should always involve a deeper understanding of lessons or projects. I know my knowledge of many subjects is complete, however I always in infer to find the best of references. Teaching is alway evolving today very quickly at a quick pace, if teacher have to keep up imagine the students. As a teacher I feel the position is changing it not so much how good a teacher I am its about how good my students are..
  4. Assignment 3

    1. Consider the age group of the students you intend to teach and identify Erikson's stages of development that your future students will most likely be in. Explain what you expect to observe in your students in this stage.
    In considering the age group of students 6- 10 years of age the Erickson stage of development . He evolved an eight-stage psychosocial development sequence, with his early childhood stages almost a duplicate of Freud’s (2004). Since the students are in early development Erickson suggested that their are a series of stages all childern will eventually go through. Some stages of Erickson are hereditary while others are related to environment. So I will observe some students interacting culturally as well as adapting to the classroom. Some will become emotional when attempting task or lessons meaning sometimes confusion or disorientation. Students will show as development a continuous maturation and a growing acceptable level of behavior for classroom settings. I should be watching for normal behavior, any disrubtive behavior or student having trouble adjusting is an indicator of their growth stages. For development to be continuous and students reaching the appropiate level would be ideal but Piaget suggest these stages can overlapp. At these stages students should be encouraged, praised and should be developing proberly with a sense of well being. Empahsis should be placed on students questions answered sincerely. This is a critical stage indevelopment and should follow with good results for continuing stages of development. Children’s Behavioral Stages. (2004). In The Concise Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science Retrieved from www. Credo
  5. Develop a plan that will allow you to integrate a part of the Kohlberg's Moral Reasoning level one or level two into your classroom management environment
    Classrooms have to have established norm this creates an environment which is safe to learn. In using Kohlbergs Stages of reasoning along with theses norms will create an environment where students can adjust as they learn. Rules should be written on a bulletin board and given to students. The class needs to read the rules together and go over them until all students understand what is expected. This will give students the orientation they need to adjust their behavior appropiately. This way students began to understand why inappropiate behavior is not allowed. They must also understand what they must do to correct behavior and how.
  6. Describe the contributions to education by Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon
    • Alfred Binet along with Theodore Simon created a series of assement test to indentify early children with learning problems. These early test gave early insight as how to better prepare students for learning. It gave useful for schools to identify students who learned less rapidly than others suggested canidates for special eduation (Siegler, 1981). This scale' success goes to it being readily availiable for practical use because of its design.Allowed schools to use for attaining practical goals (Siegler, 1981). This was really helpful in getting better education for students with disabilites accurately measuring their capacity to learn. The test would determine a students mental state or capacity instead of using the students chronological ages. This later after revision became the IQ test which has a calculating formula. Binet also has tried to define intelligence by a definition that is fitting. Intelligence is a fundamental basic to life, if lacking or altered produces outcomes to this effect. Basics such as judgement or common sense, intelligence is the ability to adjust to ones circumstances. (Binet & Simon, 1905b, pp. 42-43)
    • Siegler, R. S. ( 1981). Developmental sequences within and between concepts. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 46( whole no. 189
  7. Describe the difference between 'fixed' and 'incremental' intelligences as described in the online lesson
    Fixed intelligences originates from heredity, the genes from both parents concerning intelligence is instilled. This intelligence is belived to be inherited from parents at the time the chid was concived. These are inborn and it is a common belief how smart you are is dependent on how intelligent your parents are. When intelligent is concerning incremental means intelligence is dependent upon factors within an environment or society.
  8. Develop a list of strategies that you will develop to work with culturally diverse students in your classroom. Include a description of how you will collaborate with other teachers regarding at least one of the strategies that you have developed.
    In developing work that is culturally diversed I plan to do my research on customs of other cultures. I know or have interest in many including Mexican tradition. I like to study and have had classes on Mayan Culture. I think this culture was very insturmental in shaping some traditions in Mexican American people. They have large festibles through out the year. is one that hold a lot of activity during May . Lots of dancing , activities that are rich in traditional ways of many years ago. These type of tradition are perhaps very educational themselves. I think classrooms if not schools should enjoy the nature of such festivals as these. They have art displays arts & craft, meals that represent the occasion. Other teachers are welcome to contribute to these activities or even collaborate on lessons. Cinco de Mayo depending on the region is celebrated in the U.S. Classrooms should enjoy a taste of traditon and a wonderful way of celebrating this Mexican tradition
  9. Describe the 4 areas of Diversity as covered in the online lesson.
    • Cultraral Diversity: Culture is beliefs in religion a common lanquage built a round a set of values.
    • Socioeconomic Status Diversity: Is the economic value system of society. This is recongnized by income, neihbhorhoods, jobs and status of family
    • Race and Ethnic Diversity: It is the beliefs customs group of people share. It is also the indentity of people in society according to heredity race, religion and culture.
    • Lanquage Diversity: Language is the shared communication of a group of people. ..Additive bilingualism + is the communication used and accepted by others that is different and beneficial to all of the group. Subtractive bilingualism - Student is use to their own languge and are negatively affected by the introduction of a second language
    • Limited English proficiency has negative affect: A student recognizes their own language as primary English is not used sufficiently. Dominant bilingualism neither a positive or negative affect. When a student is fully competent in their first language and nearly competent in their second language
  10. List at least three types of exceptional learners covered in the online lesson and the textbook in Cluster 4. Include a least one idea on how you would help a student learner of each exception to succeed in your classroom.

    Precocity students learn with less effort than others, these exceptional learners a master their area or skills before peers.   Marching to their own drummer, these students exhibit multilple learning skills. They are also independent and need little assistance,and often discover much on their own. These type of students need constant interaction to stay on task even though they are well informed. They can become disruptive if not engaged or challenged by lessons requiring constant discipline. Some lessons may require activities associated within the lesson, Lesson plans can include these additional activies that causes students to stay focus. The main idea of the lesson can be stressed to include videos' audio or a combination of both

  11. Describe the 3 criteria that characteristic gifted children as described in the online lesson
    Some of the characteristics of gifted children are mastering their domain. Gifted children seem to learn without much effort on either their part or the teacher. Gifted children often make discoveries on their own. Although sometime disputive they should be constantly challenged to stay focus on their lesson.
  12. Lesson 7
    . Using what you have learned about B.F. Skinner's schedules of reinforcement, design a reinforcement schedule for a student (real or made-up). Explain the student's current behavior and then explain how you could use the schedule of reinforcement to change that behavior.
  13. B.F. Skinner schedule of reinforcement is useful in a classroom where there maybe behaviorial problems. The classroom or body of students may be to large or simply at times disrubtive. In a normal settings children will act out or misbehave. A normal schedule for this misbehavior can be found at certain times of day. Right before lunch children become restless or build up anxiety in, anticipation of a break. Here it is the environment or external stimuli that is responsible for the responses from the classroom. Instead of waiting for lunch to begin say at 12 noon students get a break right before 12, at 11.45. They get to walk around talk about their lesson almost recest but not quite. Instead of everyone being restless they are less worried about the upcoming event which is lunch at noon. If this is done at different intervals before lunch it will alievate and reinforce students to not becoming complaintive or restless. This will also prevent students behavior from becoming unruly which can lead to other behavior problems. I think when I was a student our teacher would turn the light out during this time. She did this to rienforce the quiet time when everyone seem restless. Our particular class was always disrubtive at lunch we never got a green flag which was reinforcement to behave during lunch.
  14. 2. Describe 'continuous' and 'intermittent' reinforcement and the importance of each in classroom management skills as described in the online lesson.
  15. Continuous reinforcement is not popular with teaches or instructors. When this type of reinforcement is used its probably the last source. When a teacher is distracted from a lesson the issue has to be addressed. This may be the time for a one on one with student or students to talk about the problem.
    • Intermittent reinforcement is going to be expected in a normal setting with children. An instructor must learn to be patient and if there are behavorial problems understand they are sometimes expected. A normal response from teacher should be expected at certain times in the classroom. If the class gets loud in the mourning when the teacher comes in students "take your seats."
    • This is later done maybe an hour and a half later if students are acting out or not focus on lesson "Class pay attention"
  16. Define 'chunking' and 'mnemonics' and explain how each of these strategies contribute to 'short term' memory.
    --Answer below:
    Miller began chunking information together to try and determine if the brain could expand the number of items it could remember at one time. When chunking items it is to help to memorizes more of them. We can add more to our memory if items are grouped under similiar names. Appreviations , root words, pre-fixes etc. Chunking helps to store more items in memory. mnemonics are appreviations usually for an order or plan mostly for formula's order of operation. STOP - Silly-T- opposite- positive