Micro Quiz 6.6.13

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Kwon256
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222656
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Micro Quiz 6.6.13
Updated:
2013-06-06 03:28:43
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6.6.13
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  1. Symptoms
    Characteristics of a disease that can ONLY be felt or observed by the patient.(headache,cramp,nausea)
  2. Sign
    Characteristics of a diease that can be observed by EXAMINING the patient,change in leukocyte count, inflammation and fever, evaluated antibody titer in the blood,changes in urine constituents
  3. Leukocytosis
    over 10,000 WBC cells per ul
  4. Leukopenia
    under 10,000 WBC cells per UL
  5. Syndrome
    a combination of signs and symptoms
  6. Koch's Postulates
    Determining the cause of a specific diease,
  7. Types of infectious disease
    Acute, Chronic, Latent, Local, Focal, Sepsis, Septicemia, Systemic, Primary, Secondary
  8. Acute
    Disease have rapid development and course
  9. Chronic
    Disease which are slow and persistent
  10. Lantent
    diseases have periods of inactivity between attacks
  11. Local
    diseases are confined to a specfic area
  12. Focal
    diseases are confined to a specific area but serve as a source of microbes and toxin that spread to other area
  13. Sepsis (Bacteremia,Viremia & Toxemia)
    microbes of their product are in the blood
  14. Bacteremia, Viremia
    bacteria and viruses are present in the blood, bud don't multiply
  15. Toexmia
    Toxins are in the blood
  16. Septicemia
    Microbes are PRESENT/MULTIPLY in the blood
  17. Systemic
    Diseases affect the entire body
  18. Primary
    diseases represent an initial infection
  19. Secondary
    diseases represent an infection that follows a primary infection, usually as the result of patient having been weakened by the primary diseases
  20. The "Course" of an infectious disease
    Incubation period, Prodromal phase, Invasive Phase, Acme, Decline phase, Convalescene
  21. Incubation period
    time between infection and the appearance of signs and/or symptoms
  22. Prodromal Phase
    short period of time when non specific symtoms appear
  23. Invasive phase
    the period when the diseases develops signs and symtoms characteristic of the disease
  24. Acme(critical stage)
    the period of the most intense symptoms
  25. Decline Phase
    Host immune response begin killing the pathogen,symptoms begin to decrease
  26. Convalescence
    the recovery phase when tissues repair and healing takes place
  27. Treatment for infectious disease
    Selective agent,Artificial passive immunization,Boosting host defense mechanism,Reduce Symptoms,Vaccine
  28. Selective agents
    Antibiotics, antivirals, sulfa drug
  29. Artificial Passive immunizaion
    gamma globulinsn, convalsecent serum
  30. Boosting host defense mechanisms
    the administration of gamma interferon and use of interlukin 2, good nutrition
  31. Reduce Symptoms
    aspirn, fluids, etc
  32. gamma globulin (immune serum globulin)
    IgG antibioes have been extracted from pooled blood of at least 1000 donors, igG antibodies are concentrated and pathogens are eliminated, used to treat measles,hep A, and antibody replacement for those who are immunodeficent.
  33. convalescent serum (specific immune globulin)
    derived from the blood of individual, who are convalescing from a specfic diease, contains a high titer of a specfic antibody

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