Card Set Information
to make embarrassed or ashamed
A bashful person is easily abashed.
The aboriginal people of Australia are known as Aborigines.
to shorten something, especially a literary or artistic work
A bridge can abridge the distance between two points.
to hold back from, refuse to participate in, refrain from
Abby did not want to stain her new shoes, so she abstained from running through the
A criminal made an acrimonious attack on the judge who had sentenced him to a lengthy
Acid often has an acrid odor.
Because pigeons have a very accurate sense of direction, we can say their sense of
direction is acute
Chameleons are adept at adapting to their surroundings.
to stick to
Adhesive tape will help a poster adhere to the wall.
She adorned the Christmas tree by adding ornaments to it.
People in Detroit are adroit at building cars.
praise, respect, admiration
Many young children look on their parents with a certain amount of adulation.
pertaining to a sense of beauty
Figure skating is both athletic and aesthetic.
friendly, personable, easy to get along with
Affable people are able to laugh with you, not at you.
having to do with agriculture
Many vegetarians are very interested in agrarian policy.
shy, reserved, removed, tending to remain apart
When I feel aloof, I go up alone to the roof.
unselfish, generous, concerned about the well-being of others
Mrs. Gore thinks her husband Al is truly altruistic and deserves to be the president.
to change, revise, fix
If you want to mend the constitution, you must amend it with an amendment.
Amy is able to be friends with almost anyone because she is so amiable.
A fishing lure is designed to have a certain allure for fish.
to gather, accumulate
Arnold Schwarzenegger has amassed a mass of massive muscles.
able to use both hands equally well
Dexter is ambidextrous, and he can throw the ball either lefty or righty with great
sufficient, enough, more than enough
That large amplifier should provide ample sound for the concert tonight.
breakdown or lack or rule or government, chaos
If the monarchy ever falls in Britain, some wonder whether anarchy will result.
a curse, something hated
Asthma is regarded as anathema by aspiring athletes.
to make null and void
To annul a marriage is to make it null and void.
to officially approve, consecrate
In the days of old, kings and queens were often anointed with a special ointment on their
a person with a determined opposition or hatred toward someone
The antagonist of a novel is usually a source of agony for the hero, who is known as the
old- fashioned, antique-like
All antiques are, by definition, antiquated.
to soothe, calm, put at ease
An apple can appease an angry teacher.
to notify, inform
Publishers' Clearing House will apprise you if you win a prize in their sweepstakes.
hard, difficult, exhausting
A task that is arduous is hard for us.
to uncover and verify, to make certain
If a detective wants to be as certain as possible about a case, he must accurately ascertain
self-denying, devoted to simple and austere living
Many marathon runners are, by nature, both athletic and ascetic.
I believe that fans who do nothing but boo are boorish.
brash, extremely bold
It would be very brazen of that raisin to try to pass for a prune.
shortness, the quality of being brief
When you abbreviate something, you give it brevity.
of or pertaining to the countryside, pastoral
Broccoli and cauliflower both grow well in bucolic settings.
a large institution with many complex regulations
The Federal Bureau of Investigation, or FBI, is one of the largest bureaucracies in our
honesty, straight talk
Because that manager always speaks with candor, he can leave the door to his office open
at all times.
CARDINAL (adj.) main, most important
Bird lovers believe that it would be a cardinal sin to shoot a cardinal.
CELIBATE (adj.) remaining pure, refraining from sexual intercourse
Those who wish to live a celibate life will likely never celebrate their day of marriage.
The Grinch's grin of satisfaction changed to one of chagrin when he realized that the
people of Whoville still planned to celebrate Christmas despite his efforts to stop them.
In the middle ages, European women often were forced to wear chastity belts to ensure
that they remained chaste while their husbands were off at war.
Scottish clans often met clandestinely to plan their destiny against their English foes.
to consist of, include
The winners at the Olympics get prizes that are comprised of gold, silver, or bronze.
to lower oneself; to patronize
Connie, a true gourmet, would never condescend to eat at a fast-food restaurant.
a person with who one can share a secret
You can always confide in your confidant, who will surely keep matters confidential.
Barbara Eden, in the Classic TV sitcom "I Dream of Jeannie," was a most congenial
to make sacred
It was a sacred day when the bishop consecrated the new cathedral.
apologetic, begging forgiveness
Those who are contrite about their sins often perform acts of contrition.
worldly, having wide interests
Many women who read Cosmopolitan magazine hope that they will become more
cosmopolitan in their outlook on life.
a personal victory acquired in a single stroke, major accomplishment
The rooster considered it quite a coup when he managed to fly the coop.
The culprit who robbed the bank is culpable of the crime.
Drinking enough coffee to make you delirious is probably deleterious to your health.
The correspondent was despondent and in despair when the editor refused to run her
music for a funeral procession
I get the urge to cry whenever I hear a dirge
to open, admit, reveal
Because the chef did not want to disclose the recipe for his secret sauce, he kept his
mouth closed on the subject.
one who opposes
Most dissidents tend to dissent from the official viewpoint.
overcome by grief or despair
The thief was distraught when he was caught.
tending to hold very tightly to a belief or opinion
My dog is dogmatic in his refusal to let go of his bone.
to lessen, recede
When Deb saw her latest report card sprinkled with D's, here spirit started to ebb.
diverse and wide-ranging in taste or choice
He likes to collect art of all different kinds, so his collection is quite eclectic.
odd, unusual, strange (as applied to personal behavior)
One who displays eccentric behave might be somewhat uncentered.
poem or song expressing grief
The organist played a mournful yet elegant elegy at the funeral mass.
ban on commerce or trade
Because of the Cuban embargo, the cargo of rum could not get through.
to decorate, make more attractive
Some people like to embellish their frankfurters with relish.
well-known, having high standing
Eminem has become an eminent rap star seemingly overnight.
ability to identify with the feelings of another
Sympathy is usually a characteristic of those who have empathy.
a puzzle, mystery
To Winston Churchill, the Soviet Union was an enigma whose behavior was very
mutual hatred, intense dislike
Some people have only enmity for their enemies.
Winning at "pin the tail on the donkey" entails both concentration and luck.
perfect example or embodiment
To me, Michael Jordan was the epitome of skill and grace on the basketball court.
Because Rick got either A's or F's on his tests, his teacher rated his performance as quite
An error is, by definition, erroneous.
hard to understand, known only to a select few
Eric did so terribly on the vocabulary section, mainly because it was filled with rather
words of praise (most commonly given at a funeral)
It is usually the job of the clergy to give the eulogy at a funeral.
to make worse
When a coach berates his players' performance after a tough loss, he often just
exacerbates the situation.
to remove, cancel
The waitress expunged the spilled milk with a sponge.
to remove from a difficult position, extract
One of Houdini's favorite tricks was to extricate himself from chains.
face, superficial appearance that is often false
Even though the runner-up in the Miss America pageant tried to put a smile on her face, I
know it was just a façade.
Something that is fallacious is always false.
open to error
Those who are fallible are likely, at times, to have a fall.
paying close attention to details
"Fast Eddie" is fastidious about keeping his car in tip-top shape.
one who believes that life is largely predetermined and shaped by fate
A fatalist believes more heavily in fate than in free will, and thus lives life in a fatalistic
to fake, pretend
Elaine feigned a pain in her stomach to get out of gym class.
tending to misbehave, rowdy, unruly
Frank fractured several ribs in the fractious meeting with the rival gang.
marked by frenzy
Frenzied energy is both frenetic and kinetic.
interested in conserving money, thrifty, economical
Fred, who was quite frugal, bought a second-hand bugle.
excessively bright, gaudy
Some guys cherish garish ties.
cheerful, friendly, kind
The genial genie granted me three wishes.
overused, unoriginal, trite
A hack writer tends to use hackneyed phrases.
Many think of the robin as a bringer, or harbinger, of spring.
a person who person who pursues pleasure above all else
Hedonists only pay heed to their own desires.
Body builders are usually known for their impeccable pecs.
Many emperors of imperial Rome were known for their imperious behavior.
Something that is implied is implicit, not explicit.
rudeness, brashness, impertinence
After he hit me with his banana, I thought that chimp had a lot of impudence.
freedom from punishment
Because he had been granted immunity by the prosecutor, the cooperating witness gave
the details of his life of crime with impunity.
stupid, pointless, absurd
Because he seemingly lacks a brain, most of the things that man says are both insane and
poor, lacking money
That poor gent is very indigent.
It is a fact of nature that birds are born with an innate ability to fly.
John decided that, for Lent, he would give up being indolent.
famous for bad deeds, notorious
December 7, 1941, the day of the infamous attack on Pearl Harbor, is a day that will,
according to Franklin D. Roosevelt, live in infamy.
dull, boring, lifeless
Juan Valdez will not sip insipid coffee.
INSURGENT (n. / adj.)
rebel / rebellious
The insurgents surged toward the capital in an attempt to overthrow it.
After the fraudulent election, there was a general insurrection by the population.
Integrity is an integral quality of a good leader.
Most introverts are quite introspective.
world-weary, suffering from an excess of luxury, not easily impressed
Some of the ancient emperors of China, whose palaces were filled with precious jade,
probably became quite jaded.
wise, marked by good judgment
The judicial branch of our government is run by judicious judges.
Lucy wrote lucid prose while sitting at a translucent glass table.
Lou's latest problem is both ridiculous and ludicrous.
great in spirit, extremely generous
Andrew Carnegie had a magnificent career and a magnanimous spirit.
a person of power or influence
Max started a magnet company and, through hard work, eventually became a magnet
Because he was a very maladjusted and malicious man, the Joker became one of
Batman's most malevolent enemies.
MELANCHOLY (adj. / n.)
sad, depressed / sadness, depression
When his melons and cauliflower were killed by an early frost the farmer became quite
pertaining to acquiring money and financial gain
Most merchants are quite mercenary.
rapidly shifting, whimsical
Just as the mercury in a thermometer rises quickly or falls due to changes in temperature,
so, too, do some people have emotions that are quite mercurial.
one who hates people and humanity in general
An anthropologist who is also a misanthrope could, perhaps, be called a
pertaining to death
It is hard to resist morbid thoughts when walking through a mortuary.
dull, boring, commonplace, extremely ordinary
Most people find Monday to be a very mundane day.
MUSE (v. / n.)
to ponder, to inspire / source of inspiration
A museum is a good place to muse about art.
one who is extremely self-centered
According to the Greek myth of Echo and Narcissus, Narcissus, who fell in love with his
own reflection in a pond and was then turned into a flower, can be said to be the first true
Eminem is considered a nemesis by most folk singers.
being famous for a bad reason, being notorious
The notorious L.A. riots of the early 1990's have gone down in notoriety.
subtle or slight difference or variation
Andy was very interested in ants, and he could distinguish between the old ants and the
new ants in his ant farm based on various nuances in their shapes and actions.
Because Bob sleeps on the job, it is obvious that he is oblivious to his responsibilities.
out of date, no longer useful
Because my costly new workboots have extremely durable soles, I believe that they will
never become obsolete.
Because the great white shark is more potent than any other shark, it can be considered
The Wizard of Oz liked to consider himself both omniscient and omnipotent.
eating all kinds of foods
While a lion is carnivorous and an antelope is herbivorous, a bear, like a human being, is
Most ornaments are naturally ornate.
Because Don was a very orthodox orthodontist, he generally recommended braces for
people who wanted to straighten their teeth.
Some Arab sheiks used to live in large, colorful tents that were very ostentatious.
to shun, cut out from the group
Because Oswald the ostrich decided to date a stork, some of the other ostriches decided to
ostracize him from their group.
The CIA tends to specialize in covert activities, not overt ones.
able to be touched, tangible
I know that my heart is palpable, as I can detect its palpitations; my soul, however, is
model of perfection
Paris is a paragon of a city.
of the countryside; pertaining to a pastor
The pastor at the church in New York City was transferred to a more pastoral setting in
pertaining to disease
Sociopaths and psychopaths bother suffer from pathological disorders.
having insight, astute
Someone with a very keen perspective on matters can be considered perspicacious.
apt, suitable, related to the point at hand
Percy is known for his pertinent remarks on just about any subject.
For most bowlers, getting a strike and knocking down all ten pins is the pinnacle of
Because he gave a pie to us when we were starving, we considered him to be a very pious
short, concise, to the point
Pete Smith is a rather pithy name.
to calm, soothe
After I broke her favorite plate, it was very difficult to placate Kate.
Although I didn't go to the concert myself, it is extremely plausible that Carlos Santana
received a lot of applause at the end of his guitar solo.
Most people think it is more practical and pragmatic to drive an automatic car.
difficult, unsafe, potentially troublesome
Carey used great care to get out of the precarious situation.
acting in a superior or conceited manner
Pretentious people like to pretend that they are better than everyone else.
Christine loves to hike in pristine regions of the Rockies.
There is always a proliferation of life in the spring.
of or pertaining to a prophet; able to foresee the future
In the Old Testament, the prophet Jeremiah issued many dark and prophetic warnings to
a supporter, someone in favor of something
Al Gore, who proposed tougher gun laws, is a proponent of gun control, and therefore an
opponent of the NRA.
People who are concerned with propriety always try to do the proper thing, the
appropriate thing, lest they be accused of impropriety.
Renaissance poets considered it rather prosaic to write a love letter in prose; for them,
only verse was suitable in such matters.
A pro golfer like Tiger Woods can wow us with his prowess and power.
learned person, scholar, sage; prognosticator
George W. Bush wanted to punch the pundit who, in writing his newspaper column,
punned that Bush was merely a "bush league" politician.
a state of uncertainty or perplexity, dilemma
John is in a quandary over his laundry, and he would really like to know why he is
always missing a sock at the end of the cycle.
having the pure essence of something
Because Cindy Crawford has all the essentials for being a supermodel, she could be
called a quintessential supermodel.
pertaining to Don Quixote; idealistic in a doomed and impractical way
Don Quixote, who gave his name to this word, was the original quixotic adventurer.
to knock down, destroy, level
It is possible to raze a wooden building with a blaze.
a formal response in an argument or debate
The defense attorney got ready to butt heads with the prosecutor by preparing a rebuttal.
a person who shuns society, a hermit
A recluse closes himself off from the world.
If you have done something already, it would be redundant to redo it.
to dispute, argue
To refute a call by the referee is usually futile and useless.
The makers of Chivas Regal, whose symbol is a crown, believe it is a drink fit for a
member of the royal family.
to repeat, say again
Because I didn't hear it clearly the first time, the front desk clerk reiterated the rate for a
night's lodging at the hotel.
to think over and discuss the past
Because many people miss "the good ol' days," they like to reminisce about them with
Ronald McDonald is a clown of great renown.
Something that is requested and required is, by definition, requisite.
glorious, radiant, beautiful
A peacock's tail is both splendid and resplendent.
A person who is shy, retiring, and disinclined to put in his or her "two cents" on a topic
could considered reticent.
When the Gallic tribes refused to pay tribute to their emperor, the Romans sacked and
destroyed their villages in retribution.
active to a point in the past
The popular "retro" fashions of today are, by definition, retroactive.
to respect, admire
Americans tend to revere Paul Revere and his midnight ride with due reverence.
Ruth rued the day that her man went away.
of or pertaining to the countryside
The rusty old car in the front yard marred the otherwise picture-perfect rustic scene.
A sagacious chef might use a dash of sage to spice up a dish.
Because the Spanish viewed the religious sites of the Aztecs as both pagan and
sacrilegious, they decided to raze them and build churches in their place.
The cathedral at Lourdes in France is regarded by many Catholics as a sacred and
attentive to details, honest in dealings, conscientious
The carpenter was scrupulous about screwing in each screw very tightly.
like a servant
Some servants are quite servile.
tending to doubt
A skeptic is a skeptical person who indulges in skepticism.
occurring at irregular intervals
Because Sam's effort in school is sporadic, his grades tend to be erratic.
impassive, unmoved by extremes of emotion
If you stow your emotions deep inside you and always remain outwardly cal, you are, by
to dominate, put under control
The monarchs of medieval Europe, bolstered by the concept of the divine right of kings,
tended to subjugate their subjects.
The key lime pie at the Key West Diner is close to sublime.
concise, terse, pithy
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address is both distinct and succinct
on the surface, lacking depth
After his battle with Lex Luthor, Superman was not seriously wounded, but merely had
some superficial wounds on his face.
able to be touched, solid
A tangerine is tangible, whereas a dream is intangible.
short, to the point, succinct
A Japanese "haiku" is actually a very terse verse.
Transient people are often in transit from one place to another.
Intrepid people lack trepidation.
Some parents often enact tough rules in order to better control their unruly children.
experienced in an indirect or second-hand way
Novels and movies carry us to vicarious adventures.
a skilled expert
By virtue of his skill on the basketball court, Michael Jordan is considered a virtuoso of
tricky, clever, cunning
Wile E. Coyote is the apt name of the wily coyote on the roadrunner cartoon series.
I saw a seal perform with zeal at SeaWorld.
ZENITH (n.) highest point, peak
The profitability of television manufacturer Zenith Corporation reached its zenith in the
1960s, after which point it began to suffer from foreign competition.
to strongly detest or dislike
sparing in food and drink
to agree with,
to go along with
ADVOCATE (v. / n.)
to support /
to relieve, to
between two conflicting
definite shape or form
a short story
intended to instruct or amuse
the use of language, well-spoken
the state of
rising or ascending; domination
ASSENT (n. / v.)
agreement / to
agree or consent
to increase in
size, to swell
fortunate, boding well for the
total power, dictatorial
qualities of an uncle
is huge, gigantic
provides financial support
ornery, agitated, mean-spirited
CLICHE (n.) an overused saying
to everyday language or speech
the memory of
something to happen, to give
approval to a questionable act
hidden, hard to understand
held up as the ultimate example
to mark with a
line (or lines)
to violate, to
make impure, to defile
poor, poverty stricken
that prevents something from
a lengthy and
to turn away from
the main point, to get off track
a decrease or
scorn; bitter dislike
to split or move
to take off an item of
to put on an item of
harsh, severe, oppressive
to instruct, to educate
bad or mistaken
marked by expressive and
hard to capture
the study of
way of saying something
holding a high
position, greatly respected
serving as a
to free from
who leaves their native land to
free, disentangle, remove
to make easier
possible, able to be accomplished
daring in a
importance or seriousness
related to the point at hand
personality trait, quirk
worship of false
change or be changed
to be corrected, beyond
difference, not caring one way or
a genius; very clever
innate; pertaining to the essential
nature of something
unable to be overcome
extremely stubborn, not able to
to call upon
merry, given to joking
MENDICANT (adj. / n.)
extremely poor and given to
begging / a beggar
very close attention to detail
a person who is
extremely stingy or cheap
to lessen or
moderate the severity of
to soothe, soften,
to care for, to
a gloomy or
a person who donates large sums
of money to charitable causes
PIECEMEAL (adj. / adv.)
bit / in a gradual way
to miss, to long for, to
saying, trite remark
monarch, very powerful person
characterized by early
development, advanced at an
a condition or
result of deprivation or loss
reckless with money
a person who is
groomed for a position
to a province; narrow-minded
by good judgment
tending to fight
dormant, temporarily inactive
a person who
tells witty and amusing stories
a branching out; a consequence of
a problematic situation
anger, ill will
to snub, beat back
to fix, correct
at fault, negligent
resulting in monetary gain,
be paid for injury or damage
full of or filled
REPRIMAND (v. / n.)
to take back,
recall, nullify, repeal
a brief break or
to hate or detest
skillful use of
language, or just language in
humorous, lewd, crude
hard to arouse
pertaining to a sophomore; wise
and foolish at the same time
nuanced, subject to fine
arrogant, overly proud
pertaining to a tempest or storm
a key belief or
subject to change, not definite
the study of
a lengthy and
abusive verbal attack
lack of energy,
to surpass, go
a perfect place
to hold in high
regard, to greatly respect, to
to make into or
portray as a villain
tending to evaporate quickly
to decrease, diminish
regret and longing