PSY 499 Ch 8 and 9

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Author:
Jbarmore
ID:
222749
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PSY 499 Ch 8 and 9
Updated:
2013-06-07 13:16:11
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Motivation and Development
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  1. Motive
    A reason or purpose for something
  2. motivation
    the influences that account for the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of behavior
  3. Instinct Theory
    A view that behavior is motivated by automatic, involuntary and unlearned responses
  4. Drive Reduction Theory
    A theory that motivation arises from imbalances in homeostasis
  5. Homeostasis
    Tendency for physiological systems to remain stable by constantly adjusting themselves in response to change
  6. Need
    A biological requirement for well-being
  7. Drive
    A physiological state that arises from an imbalance in homeostasis and prompts actions to fulfill a need
  8. Primary Drives
    Drives that arise from basic biological needs
  9. Secondary drives
    Stimuli that take on the motivational properties of primary drives through learning
  10. Optimal Arousal Theory
    Theory that people are motivated to maintain what is, for them. an optimal level of arousal
  11. Incentive Theory
    Theory that people are pulled toward behaviors that offer positive  incentives and pushed away from behaviors associated with negative incentives
  12. Sexual Response Cycle
    Pattern of arousal before, during, and after sexual activity.
  13. Sex Hormones
    Chemicals in the blood that organize and motivate sexual behavior
  14. Estrogens
    Feminine Hormones that circulate in the bloodstream
  15. Progestins
    Feminine hormones that circulate in the bloodstream
  16. Androgens
    Masculine hormones that circulate in the bloodstream
  17. Subjective Well-Being
    Cognitive judgement of satisfaction with life, the frequent experiencing of positive moods and emotions, and the relativity infrequent experiencing of unpleasant moods and emotions
  18. Maslow's Hierachy
    • (From Bottom)
    • 1. Physiological
    • 2. Safety
    • 3. Belongingness and Love
    • 4. Esteem
    • 5. Self-Actualization

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