HEALTH FINAL

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Author:
KristaP
ID:
22289
Filename:
HEALTH FINAL
Updated:
2010-06-06 13:02:06
Tags:
Health Test
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Description:
I dislike health class but I want a good grade.
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  1. Heart Attack
    insufficient oxygen supply to the heart
  2. Cardiac Arrest
    the heart stops (no breathing/unconscious/no pulse)
  3. Path of Blood
    Inferior Vena Cava/Superior Vena Cava --> Atrium: Right --> Right Ventricle (bottom) --> Pulmonary Artery --> Lungs --> Pulmonary Vein --> Left Atrium --> Left Ventricle --> Aorta
  4. Arteries carry _________blood
    *EXCEPT THE PULMONARY ARTERY/ VEIN*
    Oxygenated
  5. Veins carry _________blood *EXCEPT THE PULMONARY ARTERY/ VEIN*
    non-oxygenated
  6. Ekg
    the test to see the heart beat

    ^-^-^-^-^-^-^-^-^-
  7. Symptoms of a Heart Attack: PAIN
    • -starts in the center, spreads to the shoulder, left arm, neck, jaw, back, women: abdomen,
    • -pain becomes constant- not relieved by resting/changing position/taking medication
    • *persistent chest pain, lasts longer than 3-5 minutes
  8. Symptoms of a Heart Attack: BREATHING
    -trouble breathing: noisy/shortness of breath
  9. Symptoms of a Heart Attack: SKIN
    • -pale or ashen-looking skin (especially around the face)
    • -sweating & nausea
  10. Symptoms of a Heart Attack: PULSE
    -irregular: fast OR slow
  11. Giving aspirin (ASA)
    • -Ask if the person is...
    • allergic
    • stomach ulcer/disease
    • taking blood thinners (coumadin)
    • told not to take aspirin by doc.
    • have you taken any aspirin today?
  12. Care for a Heart Attack
    • 1. Ask Permission
    • 2. Recognize the symptoms
    • 3. Call 911
    • 4. Have them stop activity and rest
    • 5. Obtain Info: Do you have heart disease? How do you feel/symptoms? What were you doing before the pain? Meds?
    • 6. Comfort them
    • 7. Be prepared to give CPR/AED
  13. Risk Factors of Cardio-VAscular Disease
    • Diabetes
    • High Blood Pressure/ Hypertension
    • Lack of exercise
    • Overweight
    • Diet (high fat/cholesterol)
    • Cigarette Smoking
    • Stress
    • Heredity
    • Race
    • Sex
    • Age
  14. Percent of Fat Formula
    • Total Fat x 9
    • Total Cal
  15. 4 grams = _____ calories
    16 cal
  16. 1 lb. fat = ______ calories
    2,500 cal
  17. How much grain, veg., fruit, milk, and meat daily?
    • Grain: 6 oz (3 Whole Grain)
    • Veg: 2 1/2 cups
    • Fruit: 2 cups
    • Milk: 3 cups
    • Meat: 5 1/2 oz
  18. Atherosclerosis
    comes from cholestrol
  19. HDL and LDL
    • HDL- good or "happy"
    • LDL- bad or "lousy"
  20. Saturated Fats
    • Saturated with Hydrogen atoms
    • Solid at room temp.
    • Comes from Animal sources or Tropical oil (Palm oils/Coconut oils)
    • Saturated Fat Contributes to the Body's production of LDL
  21. Monounsaturated Fats
    • helps elevate HDL
    • A liquid at room temp
    • Canola and Olive Oil
  22. Polyunsaturated Fats
    • liquid at room temp
    • lowers both HDL and LDL
    • Includes Safflower, Corn, Sunflower Oils <-- comes from veg. sources
  23. Recommendations for your diet
    • Less than 30% of calories from fat
    • Less than 10% of calories from saturated fat
    • Less than 300mg of dietary cholesterol a day

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