Card Set Information
I dislike health class but I want a good grade.
insufficient oxygen supply to the heart
the heart stops (no breathing/unconscious/no pulse)
Path of Blood
Inferior Vena Cava/Superior Vena Cava --> Atrium: Right --> Right Ventricle (bottom) --> Pulmonary Artery --> Lungs --> Pulmonary Vein --> Left Atrium --> Left Ventricle --> Aorta
Arteries carry _________blood
*EXCEPT THE PULMONARY ARTERY/ VEIN*
Veins carry _________blood *EXCEPT THE PULMONARY ARTERY/ VEIN*
the test to see the heart beat
Symptoms of a Heart Attack: PAIN
-starts in the center, spreads to the shoulder, left arm, neck, jaw, back, women
-pain becomes constant- not relieved by resting/changing position/taking medication
*persistent chest pain, lasts longer than 3-5 minutes
Symptoms of a Heart Attack: BREATHING
-trouble breathing: noisy/shortness of breath
Symptoms of a Heart Attack: SKIN
-pale or ashen-looking skin (especially around the face)
-sweating & nausea
Symptoms of a Heart Attack: PULSE
-irregular: fast OR slow
Giving aspirin (ASA)
-Ask if the person is...
taking blood thinners (coumadin)
told not to take aspirin by doc.
have you taken any aspirin today?
Care for a Heart Attack
1. Ask Permission
2. Recognize the symptoms
3. Call 911
4. Have them stop activity and rest
5. Obtain Info
: Do you have heart disease? How do you feel/symptoms? What were you doing before the pain? Meds?
6. Comfort them
7. Be prepared to give CPR/AED
Risk Factors of Cardio-VAscular Disease
High Blood Pressure/ Hypertension
Lack of exercise
Diet (high fat/cholesterol)
Percent of Fat Formula
Total Fat x 9
4 grams = _____ calories
1 lb. fat = ______ calories
How much grain, veg., fruit, milk, and meat daily?
: 6 oz (3 Whole Grain)
: 2 1/2 cups
: 2 cups
: 3 cups
: 5 1/2 oz
comes from cholestrol
HDL and LDL
DL- good or "
DL- bad or "
Saturated with Hydrogen atoms
Solid at room temp.
Comes from Animal sources or Tropical oil (Palm oils/Coconut oils)
Saturated Fat Contributes to the Body's production of LDL
helps elevate HDL
A liquid at room temp
Canola and Olive Oil
liquid at room temp
lowers both HDL and LDL
Includes Safflower, Corn, Sunflower Oils <-- comes from veg. sources
Recommendations for your diet
Less than 30% of calories from fat
Less than 10% of calories from saturated fat
Less than 300mg of dietary cholesterol a day