History: US History 1 Final Exam Review Part 1

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History: US History 1 Final Exam Review Part 1
2013-06-08 10:14:42
US us history exam final distefano destefano soph marking period four part one

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  1. Founded Rhode Island
    Roger Williams
  2. Founded Connecticut
    Thomas Hooker
  3. Self-Government at Plymouth Colony based on majority rule of male church members
    Mayflower Compact
  4. Berkeley and Carteret
    New Jersey Proprietors
  5. Thomas Jefferson was the main author of this
    Declaration of Independence
  6. Leaders receive authority from citizens
  7. 1st state to ratify the Constitution
  8. Worsened relations between France and the U.S.
    XYZ Affair
  9. President Andrew Jackson kicked Indians off lands for his friends
    Indian Removal Act
  10. Americans made European Expansion off limits
    Monroe Doctrine
  11. Slaves themselves; managed a work gang
  12. She helped create institutions for the mentally ill.
    Dorothea Dix
  13. Lincoln won debates against Douglas, but loses the 1858 Illinois Senate Election
    Lincoln-Douglas Debates
  14. Lee surrenders to Grant, April 9th 1865
  15. Used threats and violence to keep blacks from voting
    Ku Klux Klan
  16. Developed plan before the war ended
    Lincoln's Reconstruction Plans
  17. The senate vote on the removal of President Johnson. It fell 1 vote short of the required Majority
    Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
  18. Who were the first humans that migrated to the Americas from Asia by walking across Beringia on the Bering Strait?
    Native Americans
  19. Early Habitants in North America:
    Native Americans settled in cities and villages because of the development of farming
    Agricultural Revolution
  20. Prosperous Civilizations: Mesoamerica:
    What were the tribes of Mesoamerica?
    Aztec and Mayans
  21. Prosperous Civilizations: Mesoamerica:
    2 differences and 1 similarity about the Aztecs and the Mayans
    • Aztecs- Lived in Mexico
    • Mayans- Lived in Southern Mexico, and Central America.

    Both had complex civilizations
  22. Diversity:
    How did the Native American tribes in North America differ?
    • Location
    • Climate
    • Available Resources
  23. Similarities:
    What were the similarities of Native American tribes in North America?
    • Cultural Diffusion:
    • Tribes developed similar practices and exchange of ideas through trade.
  24. First European country to excel in overseas explorations because of a good location and superior navigation technology
  25. First European people to travel to the Americas
  26. He was trying to find a sea route to the Indies in order to trade with China and Japan
  27. Where did Columbus actually end up?
    On an island in the present day Bahamas
  28. Interaction between Europeans and Native Americans, exchange of plants, animals, language and technology. Diseases were also spread.
    Columbian Exchange
  29. Columbian Exchange:
    Why did so many Native Americans die?
    They lacked the immunity to diseases brought over from Europe
  30. Who were the Spanish conquerors?
  31. Professinal solider in Spain that conquered the Aztecs
    Hernan Cortes
  32. Jamestown:
    What was the reason for settling?
    To make money
  33. Jamestown:
    What was the cash crop?
  34. First permanent British settlement in the Americas
  35. Where did Spain colonize?
    • A majority of South and Central America. 
    • (With the exception of Brazil)
  36. Wanted to remain a part of the church of England and purify it from within
  37. Separatists; who wanted to leave the church of England. They were a small group.
  38. Why did the Pilgrims and Puritans come to America?
    Religious Freedom
  39. Who was a part of the Great Migration?
    20,000 Puritans from England to Massachusetts
  40. Who were the founders of Plymouth?
    The Pilgrims
  41. Where is Plymouth located?
  42. What were the Achievements of the Puritan Society?
    • They emphasized reading and learning because the bible was central to their faith
    • Massachusetts remained the educational leader of America for hundreds of years
  43. 2 Puritans (desenters) who were kicked out of Massachusetts for expressing different religious views.
    Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams
  44. Both are seen as champions of Religious Freedom in America
    Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams
  45. Open-minded Quaker who welcomed all religions, believed in equality of all men and women.
    William Penn
  46. He founded Pennsylvania
    William Penn
  47. New York and New Jersey were both originally 1 Dutch Colony called...
    New Netherlands
  48. What were the 2 goals of Mercantilism?
    • Get rich in gold and silver
    • Keep other countries poor
  49. A nation's power was directly related to its wealth
  50. English Regulations and Trade:
    Britain practiced Mercantilism
    Navigation Acts
  51. The overseas journey took from the coast of Africa to the New World
    Middle Passage