urinary and reproductive

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  1. What is retroperitoneal
    • Behind the peritoneal cavity
    • The kidneys and adrenal glands lie in this position
  2. Where is urine transmitted
    By ureters to the urinary bladder then through the urethra
  3. Inward extension of cortex tissue
    Renal columns
  4. What do the collecting ducts in the renal pyramids do
    Drain urine to the minor calyces
  5. The renal pelvis narrows to become the 
  6. The position of the kidneys
    • Within the abdominal cavity but posterior to peritoneal cavity
    • retroperitoneal
  7. the boundary of abdominal and pelvic cavity
    pelvic brim (inlet)
  8. where is the pelvic viscera
    outside and inferior to the peritoneal cavity
  9. what occupies the female pelvic cavity
    ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, urinary bladder and rectum
  10. what occupies the male pelvic cavity
    urinary bladder, prostate and the surrounding urethra, and rectum
  11. where are spermatozoa produced
    in lumen of seminiferous tubules
  12. trace the journey of sperm
    seminiferous tubules, rete testis, efferent ductules, epididymis
  13. series of collection tubules
    rete testis
  14. where is mature sperm stored
    tail of epididymis until ejaculation
  15. after ejaculation, where is sperm propelled
    vas deferens
  16. how are the testes maintained at 3degrees Celsius cooler than the body
    • network of veins, the pampiniform plexus, that surround the incoming testicular artery. 
    • Muscles within the scrotum contract or relax to move the testes relative to the body
  17. What forms the ejaculatory ducts
    Vas deferens and seminal vesicles
  18. Where does the ejaculatory duct empty into
    Prostate gland, allowing semen to pass into the urethra
  19. What are the three regions of the male urethra
    Prostatic urethra, membranous urethra, spongy urethra 
  20. What is the penis composed of
    • Erectile tissue divided into 3 chambers
    • Corpora cavernosa is paired and the corpus spongiosum which surrounds the urethra and forms the glans of the penis
  21. Another word for uterine tubes
    Fallopian tubes
  22. The most inferior portion of the uterus is a muscular ring called,
  23. The uterus is connected to the exterior by the
  24. Trace the journey of an egg
    • Ovulated oocyte are swept into the infundibulum of the uterine tubes by fimbriae
    • Fertilization occurs in the ampulla of the infundibulum
  25. What are the 3 parts of the female uterus
    Fundus, body, lower cervix
  26. The passage through which a fetus must pass to enter the vagina
    Cervical canal
  27. What are the 3 layers of the uterus
    Endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium
  28. Endometrium
    • The innermost layer of the uterus.
    • Shed with each menstrual cycle- stratum functionalis
    • Deeper subdivision- stratum basalis which regenerates the functionalis layer after each menstruation
  29. Myometrium
    • Middle layer of uterus.
    • Made of smooth muscle
  30. Permetrium
    • Outermost layer of the uterus
    • Made of parietal peritoneum
  31. The external genitalia of the female comprise the
    Vulva which is bound by labia majora
  32. Small erectile organ of female derived from common embryological structure with the penis
Card Set:
urinary and reproductive
2013-06-08 17:37:07

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