Medical Term Test1

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Nelikya
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223050
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Medical Term Test1
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2013-06-08 21:55:34
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Exam 1
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  1. karkinos
    crab; cancer
  2. etymology
    study of the origins of words; history of words
  3. -tomy
    cutting
  4. word root
    fundamental portion of a word that contains the basic meaning (cardi=heart)
  5. combining forms:
    word root + combinging vowel that enables two parts to be connected (cardi+o+logy)
  6. prefixes
    word parts attached at the beginning of a word that modify the meaning of the word root (peri-cardium)
  7. suffixes:
    word parts attached at the end of the word or words that modify the meaning of the word (fibr+oid)
  8. anterior
    toward the front
  9. coronal plane
    imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
  10. cross-sectional plane
    imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally
  11. deep
    away from the surface
  12. distal
    away from the point of attachment to the trunk
  13. dorsal
    at or toward the back of the body
  14. epigastric region
    area of the body immediately above the stomach
  15. frontal plane
    imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
  16. hypochondriac regions
    left and right regions of the boy just below the cartilage of the ribs and immediately above the abdomen
  17. hypogastric
    area of the body just below the umbilical region
  18. iliac regions
    left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the hip bone
  19. inferior
    below another body structure
  20. inguinal regions
    left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the hip bone
  21. lateral
    to the side
  22. lateral plane
    imaginary line that divides the body perpendicularly to the medial plane
  23. left lower quadrant
    quadrant on the lower left anterior side of the patient's body
  24. left upper quadrant
    quadrant on the upper left anterior side of the patient's body
  25. lumbar regions
    left and right regions of the body near the abdomen
  26. medial
    at or near the middle
  27. medial plane
    imaginary line that divides the body into eual left an right halves
  28. midsagittal plane
    same as medial plane
  29. posterior
    at or toward the back side
  30. prone
    lying on the stomach with the face down
  31. proximal
    at or nea the point of attachment to the trunk
  32. right lower quadrant
    quadrant on the lower right anterior side of the patients body
  33. right upper quadrant
    quadrant on the upper right anterior side of he patient's body
  34. sagittal plane
    imaginary line that divides the body into right and left portions
  35. superficial
    at or near the surface
  36. superior
    above another body structure
  37. supine
    lying on the spine facing upward
  38. transverse plane
    imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally
  39. umbilical region
    area of the body surounding the umbilicus
  40. ventral
    at or toward the front of the body
  41. abdomin(o)
    abdomen
  42. acetabul(o)
    cup-shaped hip socket
  43. aden(o)
    gland
  44. adip(o)
    fat
  45. adren(o)
    adrenal glands
  46. alveolo(o)
    air sac; alveolus
  47. angi(o)
    vessel
  48. aort(o)
    aorta
  49. appendic(o)
    appendix
  50. arteri(o)
    artery
  51. areriol(o)
    areteriole
  52. arthr(o)
    joint; articulation
  53. aur(i), auricul(o)
    ear
  54. blephar(o)
    eyelid
  55. brachi(o)
    arm
  56. bronch(o)
    bronchus (bronchi)
  57. bucc(o)
    cheek
  58. burs(o)
    bursa (inflammation of bursa)
  59. calcane(o)
    heel bone
  60. cardi(o)
    heart, esophageal opening of the stomach
  61. carp(o)
    wrist bones
  62. celi(o)
    abdomen
  63. cephal(o)
    head
  64. cerebell(o)
    cerebellum
  65. cerebr(o)
    cerebrum
  66. cervic(o)
    neck; cervix
  67. cheil(o); chil(o)
    lip
  68. chir(o)
    hand
  69. chol(e), cholo
    bile
  70. chondri(o), chondr(o)
    cartilage
  71. col(o), colon(o)
    colon
  72. colp(o)
    vagina
  73. core(o)
    pupil
  74. cortic(o)
    cortex
  75. costi, costo
    rib
  76. crani(o)
    cranium
  77. cyst(i), cysto
    bladder; cyst
  78. cyt(o)
    cell
  79. dactyl(o)
    fingers; toes
  80. dent(i), dento
    tooth
  81. derm(o), derma, dermat(o)
    skin
  82. duoden(o)
    duodenum
  83. enchephal(o)
    brain
  84. enter(o)
    intestines
  85. episi(o)
    vulva
  86. gastr(o)
    stomach
  87. gingiv(o)
    gum
  88. gloss(o)
    tongue
  89. gnath(o)
    jaw
  90. gonad(o)
    sex glands
  91. hem(a), hemat(o), hemo
    blood
  92. hepat(o), hepatic(o)
    liver
  93. hidr(o)
    sweat
  94. histi(o), histo
    tissue
  95. hystero(o)
    uterus, hysteria
  96. ile(o)
    ileum
  97. ili(o)
    ilium
  98. inguin(o)
    groin
  99. irid(o)
    iris
  100. ischi(o)
    ischium (hip)
  101. kary(o)
    nucleus
  102. kerat(o)
    cornea
  103. labi(o)
    lip
  104. lamin(o)
    lamina (bony part)
  105. lapar(o)
    abdominal wall
  106. laryng(o)
    larynx
  107. linguo
    tongue
  108. lip(o)
    fat
  109. lymph(o)
    lymph
  110. mast(o)
    breast
  111. maxill(o)
    maxilla
  112. medull(o)
    medulla (kidneys)
  113. mening(o)
    meninges (membrane brane/spinal cord)
  114. muco
    mucus
  115. my(o)
    muscle
  116. myel(o)
    spinal chord, bone marrow
  117. nephr(o)
    kidney
  118. neur, neuro
    nerve
  119. oculo
    eye
  120. odont(o)
    tooth
  121. onych(o)
    nail
  122. oo
    egg
  123. oophor(o)
    ovary
  124. opthalam(o)
    eye
  125. opto, optico
    eye, sight
  126. or(o)
    mouth
  127. orchi(o), orchid(o)
    testis
  128. osseo, ossi
    bone
  129. ost(e), osteo
    bone
  130. ot(o)
    ear
  131. ovari(o)
    egg, ova
  132. ped(o), pedi
    foot; child
  133. pelvi(o), pelvo
    pelvic bone, hip
  134. pharyng(o)
    pharynx
  135. phleb(o)
    vein
  136. phren(o), phreni, phrenico
    diaphragm, mind
  137. phi(o)
    hair
  138. plasma, plasmo, plasmat(o)
    plasma
  139. pleur(o), pleura
    rib, side, pleura
  140. pneum(a), pneumat(o), pneum(o), pneumon(o)
    lungs, air, breathing
  141. pod(o)
    foot
  142. proct(o)
    anus
  143. psych(o), psyche
    mind
  144. pulmon(o)
    lung
  145. pyel(o)
    renal pelvis
  146. rachi(o)
    spine
  147. rect(o)
    rectum
  148. reni, reno
    kidney
  149. rhin(o)
    nose
  150. sacr(o)
    sacrum
  151. sarco
    fleshy tissue, muscle
  152. scler(o)
    sclera
  153. sial(o)
    salivary glands, saliva
  154. sigmoid(o)
    sigmoid colon
  155. somat(o)
    body
  156. sperma, spermato, spermo
    semen, spermatozoa
  157. splanchn(o), splanchni
    viscera
  158. splen(o)
    spleen
  159. spondyl(o)
    vertebra
  160. stern(o)
    sternum
  161. steth(o)
    chest
  162. stom(a), stomat(o)
    mouth
  163. ten(o), tendin(o), tendo, tenon(o)
    tendon
  164. test(o)
    testis
  165. thorac(o), thracico
    thorax, chest
  166. thym(o)
    thymus gland
  167. thyr(o)
    thyroid gland
  168. trache(o)
    trachea
  169. trachel(o)
    neck
  170. trich(o), trichi
    hair
  171. varico
    varicosity
  172. vas(o)
    blood vessel, duct
  173. vasculo
    blood vessel
  174. veni, veno
    vein
  175. ventricul(o)
    ventricle
  176. vertebro
    vertebra
  177. vesic(o)
    bladder
  178. acanth(o)
    spiny, thorny
  179. actin(o)
    light
  180. aer(o)
    air, gas
  181. alge, algesi, algio, algo
    pain
  182. amyl(o)
    starch
  183. andro
    masculine
  184. athero
    plaque, fatty substance
  185. bacill(i)
    bacteria,bacilli
  186. bacteri(o)
    bacteria
  187. bar(o)
    weight, pressure

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