terms - high-risk postpartum nursing care - ch14.txt

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Marie
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223053
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terms - high-risk postpartum nursing care - ch14.txt
Updated:
2013-06-08 21:14:28
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high risk PostPartum
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high-risk PostPartum
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  1. uterine atony
    "a decrease tone of the uterine muscle, primary cause of PPH"
  2. lacerations
    "tissue tears, second most common cause of PPH, common sites are cervix, vagina, labia, & perineum"
  3. hematomas
    occur when blood collects within the connective tissues of the vagina or perineal area related to a vessel that ruptures & continues to bleed
  4. fetal macrosomia
    "birth weight above 4,000 to 4,500 grams"
  5. subinvolution of the uterus
    when the uterus does not decrease in size & does not desend into the pelvis
  6. retained placental tissue
    the most common cause of LPH
  7. PPH
    Postpartum Hemorrage
  8. disseminated intravascular coagulation DIC
    a syndrome in which the coagulation pathways are hyperstimulated. When this happens the woman's body breaksdown blood clots faster then in can form them
  9. HELLP syndrome
    "(Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, & Low Platelets) Acronym used to designate the variant changes in laboratory values that is sometimes a complication of severe preeclampsia"
  10. Amniotic fluid embolism AFE
    "rare but often fatal complication that occurs during pregnancy, labor, birth. & the first 24hr post birth.Amniotic fluid that contains fetal cells, lanugo, & vernix enters the maternal vascular systme & initiates a cascading process that leads to cardiorespiratory collapse & DIC"
  11. lanugo
    fine hair on the body of the fetus
  12. vernix
    "white, creamy, naturally occuring biofilm covering the skin of the fetus"
  13. endometritis
    an infection of the edometrium that usually starts at the placntal site & spreads to encompass the entire endometrium
  14. wound infections
    "occur at the episiotomy site, cesaren incision site, & laceration sites"
  15. postpartum depression PPD
    a mood disorder characterized by serve depression that occurs within the first 6 to 12 months postpartum
  16. postpartum psychosis PPP
    "a varient of bipolar disorder & is the most serious form of postpartum mood disorders, as early as the 3rd postpartum day, required immediate hospitalization"
  17. uterine prolapse
    "when there is a weakening of the pelvic connective tissue, pubococcygeus muscle, & uterine ligaments, allowing the uterus to decend into the vagina."
  18. genital fistulas
    "abnormal connections between the vagina & bladder, rectum, and/or urethra"
  19. cystocele
    "the bulging of the bladder into the vagina, which occurs when the wall between the vagina & the bladder weakens & streches"
  20. rectocele
    when the front wall of the rectum bulges into the vagina

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