terms - trends & issues - ch1&2.txt

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Marie
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223056
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terms - trends & issues - ch1&2.txt
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2013-06-08 21:16:24
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trends issues
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trends & issues
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  1. fertility rate
    "the total number of live births, regardless of age of mother, per 1,000 women of reproductive age, 15 - 44 yrs"
  2. birth rate
    "the number of live births per 1,000 people"
  3. very premature
    neonates born at less than 32 wks gestation
  4. moderately premature
    neonates born between 32 & 34 wks gestation
  5. late premature
    neonates bron between 34 to 36 wks gestation
  6. low birth weight (LBW)
    "less than 2,500 grams, but greater than 1,500 grams (3 lbs 5 oz to 5 lbs 8 oz) "
  7. very low birth wieght (VLBW)
    "less than 1,500 grams (3 lbs 5 oz)"
  8. infant mortality
    a death before the first brithday
  9. normal birth weight
    "between 2,500 grams & 3,999 grams (5 lbs 8 oz to 8 lbs 13 oz)"
  10. high birth rate
    "4,000 grams or more (8 lbs 13 oz )"
  11. Full term
    40 wks of pregnancy or 38 wks after conception
  12. grams in a pound
    453.6 grams = 1 lb
  13. grams in 1 oz
    28.35 grams = 1 oz
  14. ECMO
    extercorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy
  15. SIDS
    sudden infant death syndrome
  16. RDS
    respiratory distress syndrome
  17. top 10 causes of infant death
    "congential malformations & chromosomal abnormalities; disorders related to short gestation & low birth weight; SIDS; newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy; newborns affected by complications of placenta, cord, & membranes; accidents; respiratory distress of newborns; bacteria sepsis of the newborn; neonatal hemorrhage; disease of the circulatory system"
  18. WHO
    World Health Organization
  19. Primary causes of maternal deaths
    "Severe hemorrhage, infection, eclampsia, obstructed labor, complications of abortions, anemia, HIV/AIDS, cardiovascular disease"
  20. intrauterine growth retardation
    poor growth of a baby while in the mother's womb
  21. abruptio placenta
    "the separation of the placenta from its attachment to the uterus wall before baby is delivered. S&S = abdominal pain, back pain, frequent uterine contractions, uterine contractions with no relaxation in between, vaginal bleeding"
  22. maternal death
    the death of a woman during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. The death is related to or aggravated by or management of the pregnancy. Excludes accidents or injuries.
  23. direct obstetric death
    "a death resulting from complications during pregnancy, labor/birth, and/or postpartum, & from interventions, omission of interventions, or incorrect treatment."
  24. indirect obstetric death
    "a death that is due to a preexisting disease or a disease that develops during pregnancy that does not have a direct obstetrical cause, but its likelihood is aggravated by the changes of pregnancy."
  25. late maternal death
    a death that occurs more than 42 days of termination from a direct or indirect obstetrical cause.
  26. pregnancy-related death
    a maternal death during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy regardless of cause of death.
  27. Eclampsia
    seizures in a pregnant woman that are not related to a preexisting brain condition.
  28. autonomy
    the right to self determination
  29. respect for others
    principle that all persons are equally valued
  30. beneficence
    obligation to do good
  31. nonmaleficence
    obligation to do no harm
  32. justice
    principle of equal treatment of others or that others be treated fairly
  33. fidelity
    faithfulness or obligation to keep promises
  34. veracity
    obligation to tell the truth
  35. utility
    the greatest good for the individual or an action that is valued
  36. ethical dilemma
    a choice that has the potential to violate ethical principles
  37. advocacy
    action taken in response to our ethical responsibility to intervene on behalf of those in our care
  38. paternalism
    a system under which an authority makes decisions for others

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