"the total number of live births, regardless of age of mother, per 1,000 women of reproductive age, 15 - 44 yrs"
"the number of live births per 1,000 people"
neonates born at less than 32 wks gestation
neonates born between 32 & 34 wks gestation
neonates bron between 34 to 36 wks gestation
low birth weight (LBW)
"less than 2,500 grams, but greater than 1,500 grams (3 lbs 5 oz to 5 lbs 8 oz) "
very low birth wieght (VLBW)
"less than 1,500 grams (3 lbs 5 oz)"
a death before the first brithday
normal birth weight
"between 2,500 grams & 3,999 grams (5 lbs 8 oz to 8 lbs 13 oz)"
high birth rate
"4,000 grams or more (8 lbs 13 oz )"
40 wks of pregnancy or 38 wks after conception
grams in a pound
453.6 grams = 1 lb
grams in 1 oz
28.35 grams = 1 oz
extercorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy
sudden infant death syndrome
respiratory distress syndrome
top 10 causes of infant death
"congential malformations & chromosomal abnormalities; disorders related to short gestation & low birth weight; SIDS; newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy; newborns affected by complications of placenta, cord, & membranes; accidents; respiratory distress of newborns; bacteria sepsis of the newborn; neonatal hemorrhage; disease of the circulatory system"
"the separation of the placenta from its attachment to the uterus wall before baby is delivered. S&S = abdominal pain, back pain, frequent uterine contractions, uterine contractions with no relaxation in between, vaginal bleeding"
the death of a woman during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. The death is related to or aggravated by or management of the pregnancy. Excludes accidents or injuries.
direct obstetric death
"a death resulting from complications during pregnancy, labor/birth, and/or postpartum, & from interventions, omission of interventions, or incorrect treatment."
indirect obstetric death
"a death that is due to a preexisting disease or a disease that develops during pregnancy that does not have a direct obstetrical cause, but its likelihood is aggravated by the changes of pregnancy."
late maternal death
a death that occurs more than 42 days of termination from a direct or indirect obstetrical cause.
a maternal death during pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy regardless of cause of death.
seizures in a pregnant woman that are not related to a preexisting brain condition.
the right to self determination
respect for others
principle that all persons are equally valued
obligation to do good
obligation to do no harm
principle of equal treatment of others or that others be treated fairly
faithfulness or obligation to keep promises
obligation to tell the truth
the greatest good for the individual or an action that is valued
a choice that has the potential to violate ethical principles
action taken in response to our ethical responsibility to intervene on behalf of those in our care
a system under which an authority makes decisions for others