Safety

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Author:
ncrook
ID:
223133
Filename:
Safety
Updated:
2013-06-09 15:32:15
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Safety
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Safety
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  1. What federal agency charged with the enforcement of safety and health legislation?
    OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration)
  2. What Act makes employers responsible for providing a safe and healthy workplace for their employees?
    Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
  3. What standard has the purpose to ensure that chemical hazards in the workplace are identified and information concerning these hazards is communicated to employers and employees?
    Hazardous Communication Programs (also known as Right to Know Standard)
  4. What federal agency publishes numerous safety standards?
    CDC (Centers for Disease Control)
  5. What agency issues standards and grants accreditation to improve the safety and quality of care provided to the public through inspections of healthcare facilities?
    The Joint Commission
  6. What agency issues standards and offers accreditation through inspections?
    CAP (College of American Pathologists)
  7. What position is required by OSHA to have designated whose responsibility is to provide technical guidance in the development and implementation of the chemical hygeine plan?
    Chemical hygeine officer (CHO)
  8. What report defines the toxicity of chemicals and must be provided by the manufacturer?
    MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet)
  9. What is the term for the exposure allowable for an employee during one 8 hour day?
    Threshold limit value (TLV)
  10. What is a substance or agent that causes cancer?
    Carcinogen
  11. What is a substance or agent that causes changed in DNA?
    Mutagen
  12. What is a substance or agent that causes birth defects?
    Teratogen
  13. What is to be done when an acid spill occurs?
    • Apply neutralizer (or sodium bicarbonate) to the perimeter of the spill
    • Mix thoroughly until fizzing an evolution of gas ceases
    • Transfer mixture to a plastic bag, tie shut, fill out a waste label, and place in a fume hood
  14. What is to be done when a solvent spills?
    • Apply activated charcoal to the perimeter of the spill
    • Mix thoroughly until material is dry and no evidence of solvent remains
    • Transfer absorbed solven to a plastic bag, tie shut, and place in fume hood
  15. What class of biological safety cabinet:
    Has an open front and are under negative pressure
    Air is exhausted into the room after passing through high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters
    Class 1 cabinets
  16. What class of biological safety cabinet:
    Provides added protection by forcing HEPA filtered air downward at the front of the cabinet where the laboratorian is working
    The air can be exhausted into the room or outside the building
    • Class 2 cabinets
    • Class 2A if air is exhausted into the room
    • Class 2B if air is exhausted outside the building
  17. What class of biological safety cabinet:
    Are gas tight
    The interior of the cabinet is only accessible through glove ports
    Class 3 cabinets
  18. What is the 9 classes of hazardous materials established by the United Nations?
    • Class 1: explosives
    • Class 2: compressed gases
    • Class 3: flammable liquids
    • Class 4: flammable solids
    • Class 5: oxidizer materials
    • Class 6: toxic materials
    • Class 7: radioactive materials
    • Class 8: corrosive materials
    • Class 9: miscellaneous materials not classified elsewhere
  19. What die the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) develop for labels?
    • 704-M Identification System
    • The labels are diamond shaped and each quadrant has a different color
    • Blue: health
    • Red: flammability
    • Yellow: Reactivity
    • White: Special information
    • The chemical is classified 0-4 (least hazardous to most)
  20. What is the temperature at which a liquid (or volatile solid) gives off vapor in quantities significant enough to form an ignitable mixture with air?
    Flash point of material
  21. What is an indication of how easily the liquid or solid will pass into the vapor stage; the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the material is equal to the atmospheric pressure?
    Volatility of a material
  22. What is the flash point of flammables?
    <100 degrees F
  23. What is the flash point of combustibles?
    >100 degrees F
  24. Name some commonly flammable chemicals that must be stored in a flammable liquid safety cabinet?
    • Xylene
    • Ethanol
    • Methanol
    • Acetone
  25. What is the term for when materials can ignit spontaneously with no external source of ignition?
    Name an example
    • Pyrophoric
    • Potassium metal
  26. What can flammable materials never be stored near?
    Flammables should never be stored near acids
  27. What type of fire extinguishers are classified for combustibles: wood, cloth, paper, rubber, and plastics?
    Type A
  28. What type of fire extinguishers are classified for flammable liquids: oil, grease, and paint thinners?
    Type B
  29. What type of fire extinguishers are classified for energized electrical equipment: electrophoresis?
    Type C
  30. What type of fire extinguisher are classified for combustible metals: Mg, titanium, Na, Li, K
    Type D
  31. What are multipurpose fire extinguishers classified for?
    • Type A: combustibles
    • Type B: flammable liquids
    • Type C: energized electrial equipment
  32. What level of biosafety is for labs that handle agents that have no known potential for infecting healthy people?
    Biosafety Level 1
  33. What level of biosafety is for labs that work with microorganisms associated with human diseases that are rarely serious and for which preventive or therapeutic interventions are often available?
    Biosafety Level 2
  34. What level of biosafety is recommended for materials that may contain viruses not normally encountered in a clinical lab and for the cultivation of mycobacteria?
    Biosafety Level 3
  35. What does working with mycobacteria require?
    N95 HEPA filter respirators
  36. What level of biosafety is required for work with dangerous and exotic agents that pose a high risk of aerosol-transmitted lab infections and life-threatening disease for which effective treatments are limited?
    Biosafety Level 4
  37. What is the recommended decontamination method for all surfaces, tools, equipment, and other objects that come in contact with blood or potentially infectious material?
    • 5.25% chlorine bleach (sodium hypochlorite; NaOCl) solution
    • 1:10 dilution of household bleach
    • Dilution should be made daily
  38. Name all of the Fire Extinguisher classes
  39. Draw the National Fire Protection Association Labeling system and what each color stands for

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