Psychology Vocab

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Psychology Vocab
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2013-06-09 21:50:13
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Psychology Vocab
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Psychology Vocab
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  1. Astereognosis
    unable to identify objects in touch
  2. Apraxia
    is unable to perform purposeful movements
  3. echopraxia
    imitates others' movements and gestures
  4. dyspraxia
    displays uncoordinated movements and gestures
  5. athetosis
    displays slow, recurring, writhing movements of arms and legs, makes facial grimaces
  6. hemianopsia
    is unable to see one half of the visual field
  7. catalepsy
    has sudden episode of muscle weakness triggered by strong emotions
  8. word salad
    has imcomprehensible speech in which real words area strung together in gibberish
  9. word approximations
    uses words in new and unconventional ways; develops new words
  10. visual-spatial agnosia
    is unable to understand spatial detials
  11. visual agnosis
    is unable to recognize family objects by site
  12. telegraphic speech
    omits connectives, prepositions, modifiers, and refinements or language when speaking
  13. tangentiality
    replies to questions in an oblique or irrelevant way; constantly digresses to irrelevant topics and fails to arrive at a main point
  14. tactile agnosia
    is unable to identify familiar objects placed in his or her hands
  15. prosopagnosia
    is unable to recognize familiar faces
  16. phonemic paraphasia
    substitutes one sound for another, primarily as a result of a breakdown in the retrieval of phonological word patterns
  17. perseveration
    has difficulty shifting from one strategy or procedure to another or repeatedly says the same sound word or phrase
  18. paraphasia
    substitutes incorrect words for intended words
  19. paramnesia
    recollects events that never occurred
  20. paragrammatism
    uses verbs, clauses, or prepositional phrases incorrectly
  21. nonfluent aphasia
    has better auditory comprehension than verbal expression
  22. neologisms
    makes up nonsensical and unrecognizable words
  23. monomania
    intensely preoccupied with a single idea or subject
  24. ideomotor apraxia
    is unable to carry out an action or verbal command, even though he can perform the action automatically and despite having intact comprehension
  25. ideational apraxia
    is unable to execute a series of acts, even though she or he can perform each step correctly
  26. ideational agnosia
    is unable to state the function or purpose of an object when shown it
  27. ideas of reference
    believes that other people's statements or actions have special reference to him or her when they do not
  28. global aphasia
    can neither express nor understand speech and other forms of communication
  29. expressive aphasia
    has difficulty speaking, writing, or using signs
  30. echolalia
    echoes others' words either immediately or after a delay
  31. dyslexia
    is unable to read either silently or aloud
  32. dysgraphia
    has difficulty expressing ideas in writing
  33. derealization
    expresses feelings that the surrounding are unreal
  34. derailment
    displays loose or oblique associations related to the topic under discussion; makes illogical connections in speech
  35. depersonalization
    expresses feelings of being detached, unreal, and physically altered
  36. constructional apraxia
    is unable to construct objects
  37. circumstantiality
    has unnecessary digression in speech eventually reaching the main thought; is excessively long-winded ; speech is filled with tedious details and parenthetical remarks
  38. circumlocution
    uses unnecessary words and indirect language; main point is never lost but rather accompanied by much nonessential information
  39. agnosia
    cannot recognize, interpret, or comprehend the meaning of sensory stimuli, despite having no perceptual disabiltiy
  40. agrammatism
    has difficulty following grammatical rules while speaking, including rules governing word use, verb tense, and subject-verb agreement
  41. Alexia
    is unable to read, despite adequate vision and intelligence
  42. amnesia
    has partial or total loss of memory for past experiences
  43. anomia
    has difficulty finding the right word when speaking
  44. anterograde amnesia
    unable to remember events that occurred after the onset of amnesia
  45. aphasia (formerly known as dysphasia)
    has difficulty comprehending spoken or written language or articulating ideas
  46. aphonia
    cannot speak
  47. apraxia
    is unable to perform purposeful movements, despite having no paralysis or sensory disturbance
  48. asymbolia
    is unable to comprehend the significance of signs or symbols
  49. auditory agnosia
    is unable to identify sounds
  50. auditory aphasia
    is unable to comprehend spoken language
  51. autopagnosia
    is unable to identify his or her own body parts
  52. blocking
    unable to complete a train of thought; suddenly stops speaking
  53. dysprosody
    uses question-like (rising) inflection when speaking; chants; uses sing-song inflection; has monotonic speech; exhibits other manneristic changes in pitch, intonation, stress, phrasing, or rhythm
  54. dysphonia
    has speaking difficulty because of hoarseness or other phonation problems
  55. dysarthria
    has a motor speech disorder characterized by poor articulation and poor control of tongue, throat, or lips
  56. distractible speech
    changes the subject in the middle of a sentence in response to a stimulus
  57. disfluency
    does not use complete words or phrases
  58. spastic gait
    walks with a choppy and stiff gait
  59. hemiplegia
    paralysis on one side of the body
  60. graphesthesia
    unable to recognize numbers, words, or symbols traced or written on her or his skin
  61. facial apraxia
    unable to execute facial movements on command (whistling, puckering lips) but can do so spontaneously
  62. Ataxia
    Displays jerky patterns of movement- has a lurching walk

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