Emergency Care in the Streets - Ch22 - Gynecological Emergencies

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mac519
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223302
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Emergency Care in the Streets - Ch22 - Gynecological Emergencies
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2013-06-10 22:58:33
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Gynecology
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Gynecologic Emergencies
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  1. Absence of menstruation.
    amenorrhea
  2. An overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina, characterized by itching, burning, or pain, and possibly a “ fishy” smelling discharge.
    bacterial vaginosis
  3. The glands that secrete mucus for sexual lubrication.
    Bartholin glands
  4. The narrowest portion ( lower third of neck) of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
    cervix
  5. The narrowest portion ( lower third of neck) of the uterus that opens into the vagina.
    chancroid
  6. A sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
    chlamydia
  7. A small, cylindrical mass of erectile tissue and nerves located at the anterior junction of the labia minora, similar to the glans penis of the male.
    clitoris
  8. A device used to prevent pregnancy.
    contraceptive device
  9. A herpesvirus that can produce the symptoms of prolonged high fever, chills, headache, malaise, extreme fatigue, and an enlarged spleen.
    cytomegalovirus ( CMV)
  10. Abnormal vaginal bleeding that is irregular and is not caused by pregnancy, infection, or tumor.
    dysfunctional uterine bleeding
  11. Painful menstruation
    dysmenorrhea
  12. A drug offi cially named methylenedioxymethamphet-amine ( MDMA) that is sometimes used to facilitate date rape; a methamphetamine derivative with hallucinogenic properties; street names include XTC, Adam, X, lover’s speed, and clarity.
    ecstacy
  13. A pregnancy in which the ovum implants somewhere other than the uterine endometrium.
    ectopic pregnancy
  14. A condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside the uterus.
    endometriosis
  15. An inflammation of the endometrium that often is associated with a bacterial infection.
    endometritis
  16. the inner mucous membrane of the uterus
    endometrium
  17. The anatomic structure that connects each ovary with the uterus and provides a passageway for the ova.
    fallopian tube
  18. A drug used to facilitate date rape; is colorless with a salty taste disguised when mixed with a drink; street names include Georgia home boy, grievous bodily harm, easy lay, G, scoop, liquid X, soap, and salty water.
    gamma-hydroxybutyric acid ( GHB)
  19. An infection caused by a bacterium that nor-mally resides in the genital area in women but that can cause infection if the bacteria become too numerous; signs and symp-toms include a vaginal odor that may be fi shy, itching, irritation, and, possibly, a smooth, thin, sticky, white or gray discharge.
    Gardnerella vaginitis
  20. An infection of the genitals, buttocks, or anal area caused by herpes simplex virus ( HSV), which may cause sores of the genitals, mouth, or lips.
    genital herpes
  21. Warts caused by the human papillomavirus ( HPV), a sexually transmitted disease; also called condylomata acuminata or venereal warts.
    genital warts
  22. A sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
    gonorrhea
  23. A term used to describe the number of times a woman has been pregnant.
    gravida
  24. Blood in the peritoneal cavity
    hemoperitoneum
  25. A membrane that protects the vaginal orifice before first intercourse.
    hymen
  26. Menstrual blood fl ow that lasts several days longer than it should or fl ow that is abnormally excessive.
    hypermenorrhea
  27. Menstrual blood fl ow that lasts several days longer than it should or fl ow that is abnormally excessive.
    imperforate hymen
  28. A drug used to facilitate date rape but that is predominantly marketed in the United States as a veterinary anesthetic and is a phencyclidine hydrochloride derivative; street names include special K, vitamin K, cat Valium, and Fort Dodge.
    ketamine hydrochloride
  29. Outer fl eshy “ lips” covered with pubic hair that protect the vagina.
    labia majora
  30. Inner fl eshy “ lips” devoid of pubic hair that protect the vagina.
    labia minora
  31. The beginning phase of a woman’s life cycle of menstruation.
    menarche
  32. The ending phase of a woman’s life cycle of menstruation.
    menopause
  33. The entire monthly cycle of menstruation from start to fi nish.
    menstrual cycle
  34. Monthly flow of blood
    menstruation
  35. Irregular but frequent vaginal bleeding
    metrorrhagia
  36. A rounded pad of fatty tissue that overlies the symphysis pubis and is anterior to the urethral and vaginal openings.
    mons pubis
  37. The precursor to the mature egg
    oocyte
  38. A fluid- filled sac that forms on or within an ovary.
    ovarian cyst
  39. a painful condition in which the ovary becomes twisted
    ovarian torsion
  40. A female reproductive organ that produces an oocyte ( ovum) that if fertilized will develop into a fetus.
    ovary
  41. A female reproductive organ that produces an oocyte ( ovum) that if fertilized will develop into a fetus.
    para
  42. An infection of the female upper organs of reproduction, specifi cally the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
    pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  43. The area between the vaginal opening and the anus
    perineum
  44. Menstrual blood flow that occurs more often than a 24-day period
    polymenorrhea
  45. A cluster of all or some of the troubling symptoms that occur during a woman’s men-strual phase that can include fl uid retention, breast pain and tenderness, headache, severe cramping, and emotional changes, including agitation, irritability, depression, and anger.
    premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  46. In the anatomy of the female genitalia, a layer of skin directly above the clitoris.
    prepuce
  47. A condition in which the uterus moves or drops into the vagina due to weakened pelvic muscles and connective tissues.
    prolapsed uterus
  48. The fi rst phase of the uterine cycle and marks the time after menstruation and before the next ovulation occurs. The uterine lining increases in thickness in preparation to receive a fertilized oocyte.
    proliferative phase
  49. The female external genitalia
    pudendum
  50. Sexual intercourse infl icted forcibly on another person, against that person’s will.
    rape
  51. A benzodiazepine used to facilitate date rape and that can create memory loss; street names include roofi es, roof, roachies, rocha, and Mexican Valium.
    Rohypnol
  52. A fl uid- fi lled sac within the ovary that bursts from internal pressure.
    ruptured ovarian cyst
  53. The second phase of the uterine cycle and is the time after ovulation until menstruation ( occurs when oocyte is not fertilized).
    secretory phase
  54. An attack against a person that is sexual in nature, the most of common of which is rape.
    sexual assault
  55. A sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum , which manifests in three stages— primary, secondary, and late— and is transmitted through direct contact with open sores.
    syphilis
  56. A form of septic shock caused by Streptococcus pyogenes ( group A strep) or Staphylococcus aureus ; initial symptoms include syncope, myalgia, diarrhea, vomit-ing, headache, fever, and sore throat.
    toxic shock syndrome
  57. A parasitic infection
    trichomoniasis
  58. An infectious mass growing within the ovaries and fallopian tubes.
    tubo-ovarian abscess
  59. The muscular organ where the fetus grows, also called the womb. It is found between the urinary bladder and the rectum.
    uterues
  60. The lower portion of the birth canal, which also serves as a passage for menstrual fl ow and as the receptacle of the penis during sexual intercourse.
    vagina
  61. Bleeding from the vagina
    vaginal bleeding
  62. An infection caused by the fungus, Candida albicans , in which fungi overpopulate the vagina.
    vaginal yeast infection
  63. An infl ammation of the vagina that is caused by an infection.
    vaginitis
  64. A cleft between the labia minora, where the urethral opening ( orifi ce), the vaginal opening ( orifi ce), and the hymen are located.
    vestibule
  65. An inflammation of the external vulva
    vulvovaginitis

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