1. Durkheim's Functionalist Theory

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Anonymous
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223375
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1. Durkheim's Functionalist Theory
Updated:
2013-06-11 10:56:35
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sociology a2
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1. Crime and Deviance A2
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  1. The three main aspects that durkheim covers..
    1.?
    2. ?
    3.?
    • 1. Inevitability of Crime
    • 2. Positive Functions of Crime
    • 3. Other Functions of Crime
  2. A quote on Inevitability of crime....
    "Crime is normal, an integral part of every society"
  3. Why is crime inevitable according to Durkheim?
    3 reasons
    • 1. Ineffective socialisation
    • 2. Subcultures
    • 3. Anomie
  4. Positive Functions of Crime
    1.?
    2.?
    • 1. Boundary Maintenance
    • 2. Adaptation and Change
  5. What is 'boundary maintenance?'
    Crimes reaction from society that unites its members.
  6. Two ways in which boundary maintenance works.
    1. ?
    2. ?
    • 1. Punishment - reinforces social solidarity
    • 2. Media Portrayal
  7. Who examined the role of the media in the 'dramatisation of evil' and 'folk devils'
    Stanley Cohen
  8. Name 4 other functionalists who state different functions of crime.
    1.?
    2.?
    3.?
    4.?
    • 1. Kingsley Davis
    • 2. Ned Polsky
    • 3. Albert Cohen
    • 4. Kai Erikson
  9. Kingsley Davis says....
    prostitution acts like a safety valve
  10. Ned Polsky says....
    Pornography channels inappropriate desires
  11. Albert Cohen says...
    Crime is a warning sign that an institution isn't working properly.
  12. Kai Erikson says...
    Society is organised to promote/stabilise crime - not remove it completely.
  13. Criticisms
    1.?
    2.?
    3.?
    • 1. Durkheim doesn't define how much crime is the right amount
    • 2. Society is most likely not functional on purpose
    • 3. Looks at how crime effects society, not the victim.

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