Med Terms 5

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Med Terms 5
2013-06-11 14:41:56
medical terminology male reproductive

Lesson 5
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  1. 2 Functions of the Male Reproductive System
    1. Secrete hormone testosterone

    2. Produce & release spermatozoa
  2. Perineum
    Located between the anus & scrotum, analogous to the perineal region in the female
  3. Epididymis
    A large coiled tube in the upper part of each testis, is where spermatozoa mature, become motile & are stored & eventually becomes the vas deferens.
  4. Prepuce (foreskin)
    The skin covering the glans penis
  5. Sperm Journey
    Formed in Seminiferous Tubules (in Testes)-> Epididymis-> Vas Deferens (in Seminal Vesicles)-> Ejaculatory Duct-> Urethra (via prostate gland & Cowper (bulbourethral) glands-> which passes through the Penis
  6. Andr/o
  7. Balan/o
    Glans Penis
  8. Crypt/o
  9. Epididym/o
  10. Orch/o, Orchid/o, Orchi/o
    Testis, Testicle
  11. Test/o, Testicul/o
    Testis, Testicle
  12. Prostat/o
    Prostate gland
  13. Semin/i
    Semen, seed
  14. Sperm/o, Spermat/o
    Sperm, Spermatozoon
  15. Terat/o
  16. Varic/o
    Varicose veins
  17. Vas/o
    Vas deferens, vessel, duct
  18. Vesicul/o
    Seminal vesicle
  19. -cele
    Herniation, protrusion
  20. -genesis
    Originating, producing
  21. -lysis
    Destruction, breakdown, separation
  22. -one
  23. -pexy
    Fixation, put in place
  24. Prostatic
    Pertaining to the prostate
  25. Epididymitis
    Inflammation of the epididymis
  26. Oligospermia
    Scanty production of sperm
  27. Orchitis
    Inflammation of the testis or testicle
  28. Prostatitis
    Inflammation of the prostate
  29. Prostatolith
    Stone or calculus in the prostate
  30. Cryptorchism, Cryptochidism
    Undescended testes
  31. Carcinoma of the Testes (Testicular Cancer)
    Rare except in the 15-35 year group, most common is Seminoma
  32. Hydrocele
    Accumulation of fluid in the scrotum
  33. Testicular Torsion
    Twisting of the spermatic cord causing decrease in blood flow to the penis
  34. Varicocele
    Enlargement of veins in the spermatic cord near the testicle
  35. Carcinoma of the Prostate (Prostate Cancer)
    Most common >50 years in age, early detection in PSA test, diagnosis w/ biopsy of prostate tissue
  36. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
    Enlargement of the prostate gland, common in >60 years age, symptoms include urinary obstruction & trouble emptying bladder
  37. Peyronie Disease
    Abnormal scar tissue inside the penis causing bending of an erect penis
  38. Phimosis
    Narrowing of the prepuce
  39. Priapism
    Abnormal, persistent erection of the penis that lasts more than 4 hours
  40. Spermatocele
    Cyst in the epididymis containing sperm
  41. Chlamydia
    Bacterial sexually transmitted disease

    • W/in three weeks:
    • MALES: Burning upon urination, white/clear discharge
    • FEMALES: often asymptomatic; may have yellowish vaginal discharge
  42. Gonorrhea
    Inflammation of mucosa of genital tract

    MALES: Dysuria, yellow, mucopurulent discharge from urethra

    FEMALES: May be asymptomatic; or pain, vaginal & urethral discharge
  43. Herpes Genitalis
    Infection of skin & genital mucosa; most genital cases caused by Herpes Simplex Virus 2 

    Reddening of skin & fluid filled blisters

    Women have higher risk of developing vulvar & cervical cancer
  44. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection
    • Infection of skin & mucous membranes in anogenital region
    • Some types of HPV cause genital warts, cancer of the cervix & cancer in men
    • ¬†Vaccine recommended
  45. Prostate-specific Antigen (PSA)
    Levels of PSA in blood, produced by cells in PG, high levels associated with enlargement & cancer
  46. Digital Rectal Examination (DRE)
    Assessment to determine the size & shape of the prostate through the rectal wall
  47. Circumcision
    Excision of the prepuce from the penis
  48. Penile Implant
    Surgical procedure placing a penile prosthesis for patients with erectile dysfunction
  49. Prostatectomy
    Excision of the prostate
  50. Prostatolithotomy
    Incision to remove a stone from the prostate
  51. Transurethral Incision of the Prostate (TUIP)
    Surgical procedure that widens the urethra by making small incisions in the bladder & prostate gland
  52. Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
    Removal of prostatic tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope
  53. Orchidectomy, Orchiectomy
    Excision of a testis
  54. Orchidopexy, Orchiopexy
    Surgical fixation of a testis
  55. Orchidotomy, Orchiotomy
    Incision into a testis
  56. Orichoplasty
    Surgical repair or reconstruction of a testis