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rx for acute exacerbation of a specific phobia?
indication for ect?
- refractory depression
- depression in pregnancy
- refractory mania
- catatonic schizo
rx for post herpetic neuralgia?
tca along with acute antiretroviral therapy
volkam's contracture occurs with fracture of what?
supracondylar of humerus--impeding brachial artery
on core biopsy, how does fat necrosis of breast present/
fat globules and foamy histiocytes(macrophages)
cause of a brain abscess secondary to sinusitis with no predisposing conditions?
initial test in work up of infertility of couple?
most common complication of biliroth gastrojejunostomy ?
bacterial overgrowth leading to malabsorption
when do you get a short bowel syndrome?
after bowel resection in crohns
normal pupil size
2mm to 5 mm
what does caustic ingestion do to saliva ?
pt is not swallowing the saliva
almond scented breath odor?
pulmonary inflitrate in a patient on chemotherapy?
morton neuroma vs stress fracture of the metatarsal?
stress fracture--pain on palpation of the metatarsal bone
morton neuroma--pain between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal
tarsal tunnel syndrome?
- compression of tibial nerve
- numbness, tingling of the foot going up to the calf
when is plantar fascitis pain worse?
rx for amebic liver absecc?
tamoxifen or raloxifen increases the chanceof endometrial cnacer?
contraindicaton to tamoxifen or raloxifen/?
autoantibodies in dermatomyositis?
how to differentiate between liver and heart associated edema?
hepatojugular reflex is seen with heart associated edema
rx for mild acne?
mild to moderate?
moderate to severe
- topical retinoids
- topical retinoids + topical abx
- oral abx
- oral retinoids
ingestio of what plant can cause high aldosterone?
which vaccines can hiv patients with cd4 above 200 and no evidence of immunity get?
what happens in volkmans contracture?
dead muscle has been replaced with fibrous tissue
secondary to what?
clubbing of fingernails and arthritis of writst
lung conditions like neoplasm, tb, emphysema
hemochromatosis affects what joints?
what causes symmetic IUGR?
rx for chronic sinusitis?
steroids + abx
most common cause of bronchitis in pts with no other problems?
who gets pneumovax vaccine?
- immunosuppressed and smokers
how many drugs do you use for pseudomonas?
at least 2---beta lactam + aminoglycosides
when is bacterial sinusitis diagnosed?
dx of tb?
- sputum stain x 3
how long does vit b12 last in the body?
rx for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
- n acytel cysteine
what pneumoconiosis increase lung ca?
what serum markers are seen with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis?
velvety patches on neck, groin, armpit
rx for pulmonary htn
what can cause both exudate and transudate in lung?
what is pleurodesis?
scaring of pleural linings
respiratory stimulant? for sleep apnea?
components of intubation?
steroids are given for croup or bronchiolitis?
what is the differnece between croup and bronchiolitis rx?
- bronchiolitis rx-- is epi/albuterol
- croup--- epi + steroids
way to determine lung maturity?
- l/s ratio
ttn vs nrsd?
- ttn--increased lung volumes, flattening of hte diaphragm
- nrsd--low lung volumes, interstitial inflitrates