Med Terms 6

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Author:
liana_george
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223454
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Med Terms 6
Updated:
2013-06-12 14:31:31
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medical terminology female reproductive
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Lesson 6
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  1. Bartholin Glands
    One is located on either side of the vaginal orifice to produce secretions to lubricate the vagina
  2. Ovary
    Held in place by a utero-ovarian ligament, w/in are small sacs called ovarian follicles, each contains an ovum
  3. 3 Uterus Layers
    1. Inner Layer- Endometrium

    2. Middle Layer- Myometrium

    3. Outer Layer- Uterine Serosa
  4. Menarch
    Onset of menstruation with the first menstrual cycle occurs at the beginning of puberty (avg. 28 days)
  5. Menstrual Cycle (Days 1 to 5)
    Menstruation: Discharge (endometrial cells, glandular secretions, blood cells)
  6. Menstrual Cycle (Days 6-12)
    Endometrium is repaired, ovum grows in follicle
  7. Menstrual Cycle (Days 13 & 14)
    Follicle ruptures (ovulation); egg passes from ovary through the fallopian tube
  8. Menstrual Cycle (Days 15 to 28)
    Empty follicle becomes corpus luteum, secretes the hormone progesterone which stimulates the buildup of the lining of the uterus. If fertilization doesn't occur, progesterone production ceases. Uterine endometrium breaks down & menstrual cycle begins.
  9. Amenorrhea
    Absence of menstrual bleeding
  10. Dysmenorrhea
    Difficult or painful menstration
  11. Menorrhagia
    Irregular or excessive bleeding during menstruation
  12. Metrorrhagia
    Irregular bleeding from the uterus between menstrual periods
  13. Last Menstrual Period (LMP)
    The date indicating the first day of a patient's last menstrual period
  14. Amnio
    Amnion
  15. Cervic/o
    Cervix
  16. Colp/o, Vagin/o
    Vagina
  17. Culd/o
    Cul-de-sac
  18. Episi/o, Vulv/o
    Vulva
  19. Gravid/o
    Pregnancy
  20. Gyn/o, Gynec/o
    Woman, female
  21. Hyster/o, Uter/o
    Uterus
  22. Lact/o
    Milk
  23. Mast/o, Mamm/o
    Breast
  24. Men/o
    Menstruation
  25. My/o, Myom/o
    Muscle, muscle tumor
  26. Nat/i
    Birth
  27. Obstetr/o
    Pregnancy & Childbirth
  28. o/o, ov/o, ovul/o
    Egg
  29. Ovari/o, Oophor/o
    Ovary
  30. Perine/o
    Perineum
  31. Phor/o
    To bear
  32. Salping/o
    Fallopian tube
  33. Utero/o
    Uterus
  34. Ante-, Pre-
    Before
  35. Ecto-
    Out, outside
  36. Endo-
    In, within
  37. Intra-
    Within
  38. Multi-
    Many
  39. Micro-
    Small
  40. Neo-
    New
  41. Nulli-
    No, not, none
  42. -arche
    Beginning
  43. -gravida
    Pregnant
  44. -parous
    Bearing, bringing forth
  45. -partum
    Birth, labor
  46. Amniocentesis
    A surgical puncture to remove fluid in the amniotic sac
  47. Bilateral Oophorectomy
    Where both ovaries are surgically removed
  48. Gynecomastia
    Benign enlargement of breast tissue in males
  49. Carcinoma of the Cervix
    • More common w/ sex at early age, multiple sex partners, STDs history, HPV, may be manifested by cervical dysplasia- development of abnormal cells in the lining of cervix
    • HPV vaccine
  50. Colposcope
    A thin lighted endoscope inserted into the vagina to allow for direct visualization of the vagina & cervix
  51. Colposcopy
    Visual examination of the tissues of the cervix & vagina
  52. Endometriosis
    • Where endometrial tissue is located OUTSIDE of the uterus (ovaries, fallo. tubes, etc.)
    • Causes inflammation & scar tissue with dysmenorrhea, pelvic pain, infertility & dyspareunia
  53. Fibroids (Leiomyomata or Leiomyomas)
    If they grow too large, can cause metrorhagia, pelvic pain or menorrhagia
  54. Carcinoma of the Ovaries
    • Few symptoms in early stages, may metastasize beyond ovaries
    • Treatment: Oophorectomy, Salpingectomy, Chemotherapy
  55. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
    Hormone secretion disorder in women, characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth, obesity & numerous other symptoms
  56. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
    • Inflammation of the female pelvic organs caused by infection by some STDs
    • Repeated infections can lead to scarring & adhesions w/in fallopian tubes
    • Can lead to increased risk of infertility & ectopic pregnancy
    • Treated w/ antibiotics
  57. Breast Milk
    • Most often begins w/ cells in the milk-producing ducts; also in the glandular tissue called lobules or in other cells in the breast. 
    • Caused by complex interaction of genes & environment
    • Breast cancer gene 1 & 2 (BRCA1 & BRCA2)
  58. Abortion (AB), Spontaneous Abortion (SAB) VS. Therapeutic Abortion (TAB)
    Expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus before viability VS. Abortion performed for medical reasons (mother's life is threatened by pregnancy)
  59. Placenta Previa
    Condition in which the placenta is implanted in the lower segment of the uterus instead of the upper part
  60. Abruptio Placentae
    Premature detachment of a normally situated placenta
  61. Ectopic pregnancy
    A pregnancy that occurs when the egg implants itself outside the uterus
  62. Gestational Diabetes
    Diabetes that develops or first occurs during pregnancy
  63. Papanicolaou (Pap) Test
    Microscopic examination of cells collected from the vagina & cervix to detect abnormal changes (i.e. cancer)
  64. Pregnancy Test
    Blood test to determine the presence of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) secreted by the fertilized ovum
  65. Mammography
    X-ray examination of the breasts; used to detect breast tumors
  66. Laparoscopy
    Can be used for inspection & removal of ovaries, fallopian tubes, diagnosis & treatment of ENDOMETRIOSIS, removal of fibroids
  67. Pelvic Ultrasonography
    Recording of sound waves as they bounce off organs in the pelvic region
  68. Transvaginal Ultrasonography
    Ultrasound using a transducer inserted into the vagina to the view the internal female reproductive organs
  69. Cryosurgery
    A procedure that uses liquid nitrogen to freeze a section of the cervix to destroy abnormal or precancerous cervical cells
  70. Dilation & Curettage (D&C)
    Surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated & the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curette
  71. Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure (LEEP)
    Gynecologic procedure that uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out abnormal tissue in the cervix
  72. Total Abdominal Hysterectomy (TAH) VS. Vaginal Hysterectomy
    • Surgical excision of the uterus & cervix (with or without removal of the ovaries or salpinges) through an incision in the abdomen 
    • VS.
    • Surgical excision of the uterus & cervix through an incision deep inside the vagina
  73. Myomectomy (Fibroidectomy)
    Surgical removal of uterine leiomyomas AKA fibroids (muscle)
  74. Oophorectomy
    Surgical excision of an ovary
  75. Salpingectomy
    Surgical excision of a salpinx/fallopian tube
  76. Salpingo-oophorectomy
    Surgical excision of a saphinx & an ovary
  77. Uterotomy, Hysterotomy
    Incision of the uterus
  78. Vulvectomy
    Surgical removal of all or part of the vulva
  79. Episiotomy, Perineotomy
    Surgical incision through the perineum to enlarge the vagina & assist childbirth
  80. Tubal Ligation
    Sterilization procedure for women in which the salpinges are tied in two places & the tubes in between the ligations are removed
  81. Reproductive Endocrinology
    Medical subspecialty within gynecology & obstetrics that addresses hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility
  82. Primigravida
    A woman in her first pregancy
  83. Process of Pregnancy
    Egg implants in endometrium, CORPUS LUTEUM produces hormones Progesterone & Estrogen to maintain the lining of uterus until placenta takes over
  84. Low levels of progesterone can lead to...
    Spontaneous abortion
  85. Placenta produces...
    The hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)

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