4. Labelling Theory

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Author:
HannahABoyd
ID:
223508
Filename:
4. Labelling Theory
Updated:
2013-06-12 00:18:23
Tags:
Crime Deviance
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sociology a2
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  1. Labelling theorists main angle..
    Social Construction of Crime
  2. Seven Topics under Labelling
    • 1. Who Labels
    • 2. Who Gets labelled
    • 3. Effects of Labelling
    • 4. Deviance Amplification Spiral
    • 5. Criminal Justice Policy
    • 6. Re-integrative Shaming
    • 7. Evaluation
  3. Labelling theorists on WHO LABELS and what they said.
    1. ?
    2.?
    • 1. Becker - 'Moral Entrepreneurs' lead moral crusade which creates new group of outsiders and expands social control agencies - they campaign for change to expand their own power.
    • 2. B Platt - 'Juvenile delinquency' - created by upper class Victorian moral entrepreneurs
  4. Labelling theorists of WHO GETS LABELLED...
    1.?
    2.?
    • 1. Paliavin and Briar
    • 2. Cicourel
  5. Piliavin and Briar say...
    It's about their appearances, background and biography
  6. Cicourel says...
    1?
    evidence is...
    a) ?
    b) ?
    c) ?
    • 1. Off. stats are invalid - they should be a topic, not a resource.
    • a) Typifications lead police to focus on certain types
    • b) Probation officers less likely to support non-custodial sentences for juveniles from broken homes
    • c) Justice is negotiable for middle class.
  7. Effects of Labelling... two key terms.
    1.?
    2.?
    • 1. Self Fulfilling Prophecy
    • 2. Primary and Secondary deviance
  8. Primary and Secondary Deviance
    Sociologists? and what they said.
    1.?...
    2.?
    3.?
    • 1. Edwin Lamert - defined Primary ('moment of madness') and Secondary Deviance (label leads to 'master status' -sfprophecy. leads to 'Deviant Career')
    • 2. Jock Young - hippies - primary converted to secondary because of social control processes.
    • 3. Downes and Rock - Not everyone pursues a deviant career after labelling
  9. Deviancy Amplification Spiral
    Who?
    What?
    Where?
    when?
    why?
    1.?
    2.?
    3.?
    4.?
    • Stanley Cohen
    • 'Folk Devils and Moral Panics' - Mods and Rockers
    • Clacton
    • Easter 1964
    • 1. Media and Press exaggeration led to growing public concern
    • 2. Moral entrepreneurs called for crackdown
    • 3. Demonised them as 'folk devils'
    • 4. Caused further marginalisation resulting in more deviance
  10. Labelling and Criminal Justice Policy
    Who?
    What?
    • Lamert
    • Re-labelling of status offences and harsher penalties leads to secondary deviance
  11. Reintegrative Shaming
    who?
    two types of shaming and how they work?
    • John Braithwaite
    • 1. Disintegrative shaming - labels them as bad and they are excluded from society
    • 2. Reintegrative Shaming - Labels the act, not the person and avoids secondary deviance
  12. Evaluation
    4 key points
    • 1. Deterministic
    • 2. Gives offender a victim status
    • 3. Why primary deviance?
    • 4. Ignores source of power and labels

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