5. Traditional Marxism

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Author:
HannahABoyd
ID:
223514
Filename:
5. Traditional Marxism
Updated:
2013-06-12 00:54:07
Tags:
Crime Deviance
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Description:
a2 sociology
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  1. 5 Main areas of Traditional Marxism and Crime
    • 1. Criminogenic Capitalism
    • 2. The State and law Making
    • 3. Selective Enforcement
    • 4. Ideological Functions of Crime and Law
    • 5. Evaluation
  2. Criminogenic Capitalism
    Meaning?
    Why?
    Key thinker?
    • Capitalism causes crime because it exploits WC
    • 1. Poverty means crime is the only way they can survive
    • 2. Utilitarian crimes are caused by advertising
    • 3. Alienation of WC leads to frustration / non-utilitarian crime
    • 4. Competitive nature of capitalism leads to White Collar Crime

    David Gordon - crime is rational response to capitalism and therefore found in all classes
  3. The State and Law Making
    1.Marxist thoughts on laws...?
    2. Key Thinker and Case Study
    • 1. do not reflect value consensus - serve interest of capitalist class
    • 2. Chambliss - British East African Countries
    • -plantations needed local labour
    • -local economy was not based on money
    • -introduced tax payable in cash, made it illegal not to do so, forcing them to work.
  4. Selective Enforcement
    Key thinker and book
    Jeffery Reiman - Rich get Richer, Poor get Prison
  5. Ideological Functions of Crime and Law
    two key thinkers and their findings.
    1.?
    2.?
    • 1. Frank Pearce - Health and safety is just to keep workers fit for work. Create 'false conciousness'
    • 2. W.G.Carson - 200 firms, all had broken h+s laws. 1.5% prosecuted.
    • Law is selective, workers blame criminals amongst them, not upper/middle class.
  6. Evaluation
    5 Key Points
    • 1. Link between ethnicity / gender?
    • 2. deterministic
    • 3. some capitalist societies have low crime rate (Japan and Switzerland) - but have great welfare systems
    • 4. Corporate crime prosecution does occur
    • 5. Ignores 'intra-class' crime.

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