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5 Main areas of Traditional Marxism and Crime
- 1. Criminogenic Capitalism
- 2. The State and law Making
- 3. Selective Enforcement
- 4. Ideological Functions of Crime and Law
- 5. Evaluation
- Capitalism causes crime because it exploits WC
- 1. Poverty means crime is the only way they can survive
- 2. Utilitarian crimes are caused by advertising
- 3. Alienation of WC leads to frustration / non-utilitarian crime
- 4. Competitive nature of capitalism leads to White Collar Crime
David Gordon - crime is rational response to capitalism and therefore found in all classes
The State and Law Making
1.Marxist thoughts on laws...?
2. Key Thinker and Case Study
- 1. do not reflect value consensus - serve interest of capitalist class
- 2. Chambliss - British East African Countries
- -plantations needed local labour
- -local economy was not based on money
- -introduced tax payable in cash, made it illegal not to do so, forcing them to work.
Key thinker and book
Jeffery Reiman - Rich get Richer, Poor get Prison
Ideological Functions of Crime and Law
two key thinkers and their findings.
- 1. Frank Pearce - Health and safety is just to keep workers fit for work. Create 'false conciousness'
- 2. W.G.Carson - 200 firms, all had broken h+s laws. 1.5% prosecuted.
- Law is selective, workers blame criminals amongst them, not upper/middle class.
5 Key Points
- 1. Link between ethnicity / gender?
- 2. deterministic
- 3. some capitalist societies have low crime rate (Japan and Switzerland) - but have great welfare systems
- 4. Corporate crime prosecution does occur
- 5. Ignores 'intra-class' crime.