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6 areas of study within Right Realism and Crime
- 1. Basic Beliefs
- 2. Biological Differences
- 3. Socialisation and Underclass
- 4. Rational Choice Theory
- 5. Tackling Crime
- 6. Criticisms
- 1. Neo-Conservative Governements - practical control measures are key (punishment)
- 2. Reject economic factors as cause
- 3. Crime is product of three factors
- 1. Wilson and Herrnstein - some people are biologically predisposed to commit crime
- 2. Herrnstein and Murray - low intelligence.
Socialisation and Underclass
3 key points
- Charles Murray
- 1. Nuclear family is best form of socialisation
- 2. Crime rate due to growing underclass cause by welfare dependency ('generous revolution' / single mothers.
- 3. Young males turn to delinquent role models
Rational Choice Theory
2 thinkers and their points
- 1. Ron Clarke- rational calculation. Low job rate + low cost of crime = high crime
- 2. Marcus Felson - Routine Activity Theory
- Motivated offender, suitable target and absence of 'capable guardian'
- INFORMAL GUARDIANS - Hurricane Andrew 1984.
- 1. Wilson and Kelling - 'Broken Windows'
- 2. Zero tolerance - James Q. Wilson
- 3. 'Target Hardening'
- 1. Ignores wider structural causes
- 2. Overstates rationality - does not explain violent crime
- 3. Rational choice conflicts with Biological Theory.
- Lilly et al - IQ differences account for less than 3% of differences in offending
- 4. Ignores Corporate Crime
- 5. Zero tolerance allows for stereotyping, displacement of crime.