7. Right Realism

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Author:
HannahABoyd
ID:
223520
Filename:
7. Right Realism
Updated:
2013-06-12 01:15:03
Tags:
Crime Deviance
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Description:
A2 sociology
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  1. 6 areas of study within Right Realism and Crime
    • 1. Basic Beliefs
    • 2. Biological Differences
    • 3. Socialisation and Underclass
    • 4. Rational Choice Theory
    • 5. Tackling Crime
    • 6. Criticisms
  2. Basic Beliefs.
    3 points
    • 1. Neo-Conservative Governements - practical control measures are key (punishment)
    • 2. Reject economic factors as cause
    • 3. Crime is product of three factors
  3. Biological Differences
    1.who/What?
    2. Who/what?
    • 1. Wilson and Herrnstein - some people are biologically predisposed to commit crime
    • 2. Herrnstein and Murray - low intelligence.
  4. Socialisation and Underclass
    Who?
    3 key points
    • Charles Murray
    • 1. Nuclear family is best form of socialisation
    • 2. Crime rate due to growing underclass cause by welfare dependency ('generous revolution' / single mothers.
    • 3. Young males turn to delinquent role models
  5. Rational Choice Theory
    2 thinkers and their points
    1.?
    2.?
    • 1. Ron Clarke- rational calculation. Low job rate + low cost of crime = high crime
    • 2. Marcus Felson - Routine Activity Theory
    • Motivated offender, suitable target and absence of 'capable guardian'
    • INFORMAL GUARDIANS - Hurricane Andrew 1984.
  6. Tackling Crime

    three solutions.
    • 1. Wilson and Kelling - 'Broken Windows'
    • 2. Zero tolerance - James Q. Wilson
    • 3. 'Target Hardening'
  7. 5 Criticisms
    • 1. Ignores wider structural causes
    • 2. Overstates rationality - does not explain violent crime
    • 3. Rational choice conflicts with Biological Theory.
    • Lilly et al - IQ differences account for less than 3% of differences in offending
    • 4. Ignores Corporate Crime
    • 5. Zero tolerance allows for stereotyping, displacement of crime.

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