Card Set Information
Gives rigid support, protects against osmotic
Sugar backbone with peptide side chains crosslinked
Cell wall/cell membrane (gram positives)?
Major surface antigen.
Pe ptidoglycan for support. Lipote ichoic acid
induces T F and IL-l.
Outer membrane (gram negatives)?
Site of endotoxin (lipopolys accharide [LPS ]);major surface antigen.
Lipid A induces TNF and IL-l;
0 polysaccharide is the antigen.
Site of oxidative and transport enzymes.
50S and 30S subunits.
Space between the cy topl asmic membrane and
outer membrane in gram-negative bacteria
Contains many hydrolytic enzymes, including
Protects against phagocytosis
Polysac charide (except Bacillus anthracis, which
conta ins D-glutamate) .
Mediate adherence of bacteria to cell surface ;
sex pilus for ms attachment between 2 bacteria
Resistant to dehydration, heat, and chemicals.
Kerati n-like coat; dipicoli nic acid ;
Contains a variety of genes for antibiotic
resistance, enzymes, and toxins.
Mediates adherence to surfaces, especially
fore ign surfaces (e.g., indwelling catheters).