Latin and Greek roots

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dawerpower
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223684
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Latin and Greek roots
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2013-06-30 03:56:03
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root words Latin Greek GRE vocabulary etymology
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  1. A
    without

    • amoral
    • atheist
    • atypical
    • anonymous
    • atrophy
    • anomaly
    • agnostic
  2. AB/ABS
    off away from apart down

    • abduct
    • abhor
    • abolish
    • abstract
    • abnormal
    • abdicate
    • abstinence
    • abstinence
    • abstruse
  3. AC/ACR
    sharp bitter

    • acid
    • acute
    • acerbic: sour or astringent in taste; harsh in temper
    • acrid: sharp or biting to the taste or smell
    • acrimonious: caustic, stinging, or bitter in nature
    • exacerbate
  4. ACT/AG
    to do to drive to force to lead

    • agile
    • agitate
    • litigate: to make subject of a lawsuit
    • prodigal
    • pedagogue: a teacher
    • synagogue: a gathering or congregation of Jews for the purpose of religious worship
  5. AD/AL
    to toward near

    • adapt
    • adjacent
    • addict
    • admire
    • address
    • adhere
    • adjoin
    • advocate
  6. AL/ALI/ALTER
    other another

    • alternative
    • alias
    • alibi
    • alien
    • alter ego
    • altruist: a person unselfishly concerned for the welfare of others
    • allegory: figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another
  7. AM
    love

    • amateur
    • amatory
    • amenity
    • amorous
    • enamored
    • amity
    • inamorata
    • amiable
    • amicable
  8. AMB
    to go to walk

    • ambient
    • ambitious
    • preamble
    • ambassador
    • ambulance
    • ambulatory
    • ambush
    • perambulator
  9. AMBI/AMPH
    both more than one around

    • ambiguous
    • amphibian
    • ambidextrous
  10. ANIM
    of the life mind soul spirit

    • unaminous
    • animosity
    • animus
    • equanimity
    • magnanimous
  11. ANNUI/ENNI
    year

    • annual
    • anniversary
    • annuity
    • perennial
    • annals
  12. ANTE
    before

    • anterior
    • antecedent
    • antedate
    • antebellum
    • antediluvian
  13. ANTHRO/ANDR
    man human

    • anthropology
    • android
    • misanthrope
    • philanderer
    • androgynous
    • androgen
    • anthropocentric
  14. ANTI
    against

    • antibody
    • antidote
    • antiseptic
    • antipathy
    • antipodal
  15. APO
    away

    • apology
    • apostle
    • apocalypse
    • apogee
    • apocryphal
    • apostrasy
  16. ARCH/ARCHI/ARCHY
    chief principal ruler

    • architect
    • archenemy
    • monarchy
    • anarchy
    • oligarchy
  17. AUTO
    self

    • automatic
    • autocrat
    • autonomy
  18. BE
    to be to have a particular quality to exist

    • belittle
    • bemoan
    • bewilder
    • belie
  19. BEL/BELL
    war

    • antebellum
    • rebel
    • belligerent
  20. BEN/BON
    good

    • benefit
    • benign
    • benediction
    • benevolent
    • bonus
    • bona fide
  21. BI
    twice double

    • binocular
    • biennial
    • bilateral
    • bilingual
    • bipartisan
  22. CAD/CID
    to fall to happen by chance

    • accident
    • coincidence
    • decadent
    • cascade
    • recidivist
  23. CANT/CENT/CHANT
    to sing

    • accent
    • chant
    • enchant
    • recant
    • incantation
    • incentive
  24. CAP/CIP/CEPT
    to take to get

    • capture
    • anticipate
    • susceptible
    • emancipate
    • percipient
    • precept
  25. CAP/CAPIT/CIPIT
    head headlong

    • capital
    • disciple
    • precipitate
    • precipice
    • capitulate
    • caption
  26. CARD/CORD/COUR
    heart

    • cardiac
    • encourage
    • concord
    • discord
    • concordance
  27. CARN
    flesh

    • carnivorous
    • carnage
    • carnival
    • reincarnation
    • incarnation
  28. CAST/CHAST
    cut

    • cast
    • caste
    • castigate
    • chastise
    • chaste
  29. CED/CEED/CESS
    to go to yield to stop

    • antecedent
    • concede
    • predecessor
    • cessation
    • incessant
  30. CENTR
    center

    • concentrate
    • eccentric
    • concentric
    • centrifuge
    • centrist
  31. CERN/CERT/CRET/CRIM/CRIT
    to separate to judge to distinguish to decide

    • discrete
    • ascertain
    • certiture
    • discreet
    • hypocrite
    • criterion
  32. CHRON
    time

    • synchronize
    • chronology
    • anachronism
    • chronic
    • chronometer
  33. CIRCU
    around on all sides

    • circumference
    • circumstances
    • circuit
    • circumambulate
    • circuitous
  34. CIS
    to cut

    • scissors
    • precise
    • exorcise
    • incision
    • incisive
  35. CLA/CLO/CLU
    shut close

    • conclude
    • claustrophobia
    • disclose
    • exclusive
    • cloister
    • preclude
  36. CLAIM/CLAM
    to shout to cry out

    • exclaim
    • proclaim
    • clamor
    • disclaim
    • reclaim
  37. CLI
    to lean toward

    • decline
    • reline
    • climax
    • proclivity
    • disinclination
  38. CO/COL/COM/CON
    with together

    • connect
    • coerce
    • compatible
    • collide
    • collaborate
    • conciliate
    • commensurate
  39. COUR/CUR
    running a course

    • recur
    • curriculum
    • courier
    • excursion
    • cursive
    • concur
    • incursion
    • cursory
  40. CRE/CRESC/CRET
    to grow

    • accrue
    • creation
    • increase
    • increment
    • accretion
  41. CRED
    to believe to trust

    • incredible
    • credential
    • credo
    • credulity
    • credit
  42. CRYP
    hidden

    • crypt
    • apocryphal
    • cryptology
    • cryptography
  43. CUB/CUMB
    to lie down

    • cubicle
    • succumb
    • incubate
    • incumbent
    • recumbent
  44. CULP
    blame

    • culprit
    • culpable
    • inculpate
    • mea culpa
  45. DAC/DOC
    to teach

    • doctor
    • doctrine
    • indoctrinate
    • docile
    • didactic
  46. DE
    away off down completely reversal

    • descend
    • decipher
    • defile
    • defame
    • deferential
    • delineate
  47. DEM
    people

    • democracy
    • epidemic
    • endemic
    • pandemic
    • demographics
  48. DI/DIA
    apart through

    • dialogue
    • diagnose
    • dilate
    • dilatory
    • dichotomy
  49. DIC/DICT/DIT
    to say to tell to use words

    • dictionary
    • predict
    • verdict
    • interdict
  50. DIGN
    worth

    • dignity
    • dignitary
    • deign
    • condign
    • disdain
  51. DIS/DIF
    away from apart reversal not

    • disperse
    • disseminate
    • dissipate
    • dissuade
    • diffuse
  52. DOG/DOX
    opinion

    • orthodox
    • paradox
    • dogma
  53. DOL
    suffer pain

    • condolence
    • indolence
    • doleful
    • dolorous
  54. DON/DOT/DOW
    to give

    • donate
    • pardon
    • antidote
    • anecdote
    • endow
  55. DUB
    doubt

    • dubious
    • dubiety
    • indubitable
  56. DUC/DUCT
    to lead

    • abduct
    • conduct
    • conducive
    • induce
    • induct
    • produce
  57. DUR
    hard

    • endure
    • durable
    • duress
    • dour
    • duration
  58. DYS
    faulty abnormal

    • dystrophy
    • dyspepsia
    • dyslexia
    • dysfunctional
  59. E/EF/EX
    out out of from former completely

    • evade
    • exclude
    • extricate
    • exonerate
    • expire
    • efface
  60. EPI
    upon

    • epidemic
    • epilogue
    • edidermis
    • epigram
    • epithet
  61. EQU
    equal even

    • equation
    • adequate
    • equidistant
    • iniquity
  62. ERR
    to wander

    • err
    • error
    • erratic
    • arrant
  63. ESCE
    becoming

    • adolescent
    • obsolescent
    • incandescent
    • convalescent
    • reminiscent
  64. EU
    good well

    • euphemism
    • eulogy
    • eugenic
    • euthanasia
    • euphony
  65. EXTRA
    outside beyond

    • extraordinary
    • extract
    • extradite
    • extrasensory
    • extrapolate
  66. FAB/FAM
    speak

    • fable
    • affable
    • ineffable
    • famous
    • defame
  67. FAC/FIC/FIG/FAIT/FEIT/FY
    to do to make

    • factory
    • faction
    • deficient
    • prolific
    • configuration
    • ratify
    • effigy
    • counterfeit
  68. FER
    to bring to carry to bear

    • offer
    • confer
    • referendum
    • proffer
    • proliferate
  69. FERV
    to boil to bubble

    • fervor
    • fervid
    • effervescent
  70. FID
    faith trust

    • confide
    • affidavit
    • fidelity
    • fiduciary
    • infidel
  71. FIN
    end

    • final
    • confine
    • definitive
    • infinite
    • infinitestimal
  72. FLAG/FLAM
    to burn

    • flammable
    • flambeau
    • flagrant
    • conflagration
  73. FLECT/FLEX
    to bend

    • deflect
    • flexible
    • inflect
    • reflect
    • genuflect
  74. FLU/FLUX
    to flow

    • fluid
    • fluctuation
    • effluence
    • confluence
    • mellifluous
  75. FORE
    before

    • foresight
    • foreshadow
    • forestall
    • forthright
  76. FORT
    chance

    • fortune
    • fortunate
    • fortuitous
  77. FORT
    strength

    • fortify
    • fortissimo
    • forte
  78. FRA/FRAC/FRAG/FRING
    to break

    • fracture
    • fragment
    • fractious
    • refractory
    • infringe
  79. FUS
    to pour

    • profuse: lavish, extravagant, copious
    • fusillade: continuous discharge of firearms or out-burst of criticism
    • suffuse: to spread throughout or over from within
    • diffuse: to spread widely or thinly
    • infusion: infusing; liquid extract so obtained
  80. GEN
    birth, creation, race, kind

    • generous
    • genetics
    • gender
    • carcinogenic: producing cancer
    • congenital: existing or as such from birth
    • progeny: offspring, descendants
    • miscegenation: interbreeding of races
  81. GN/GNO
    know

    • agnostic: a person who believes the existence of God is not provable
    • ignore
    • ignoramus: person lacking knowledge, uninformed
    • recognize
    • incognito
    • prognosis: to forecast, especially disease
    • diagnose
  82. GRAD/GRESS
    to step

    • progress
    • aggressive
    • degrade
    • digress
    • egress: going out; way out
  83. GRAT
    pleasing

    • grateful
    • ingratiate: to bring oneself into favor
    • gratuity
    • gracious
  84. HER/HES
    to stick

    • coherent: logically consistent; having waves in phase and of one wavelength
    • adhesive: tending to remain in memory
    • inherent
    • adherent: able to adhere; believer or advocate of a particular thing
    • heredity: the qualities genetically derived from one's ancestors and the transmission of those qualities
  85. (H)ETERO
    different

    • heterosexual
    • heterogeneous: of other origin: not originating in the body
    • heterodox: differnt from acknowledged standard; holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines
  86. (H)OM
    same

    • homogeneous: of the same or a similar kind of nature; of uniform structure of composition throughout
    • homonym: one of two or more words spelled and pronounced alike but different in meaning
    • homosexual
    • anomaly: deviation from the common rule
    • homeostasis: a relatively stable state of equilibrium
  87. HYPER
    over excessive

    • hyperactive
    • hyperbole: purposeful exaggeration for effect
    • hyperglycemia: an abnormally high concentration of sugar in the blood
  88. HYPO
    under beneath less than

    • hypodermic: relating to the parts beneath the skin
    • hypochondria: one affected by extreme depression of mind or spirits often centered on imaginary physical ailments
    • hypocritical: professing virtues or qualities one does not have
    • hypothesis: assumption subject to proof
  89. IDIO
    one's own

    • idiot
    • idiom
    • idiosyncrasy: peculiarity of temperment; eccentricity
  90. IM/IN/EM/EN
    in into

    • embrace
    • enclose
    • intrinsic
    • influx: the act of flowing in; inflow
    • implicit: not expressly stated; implied
    • incarnate
    • indigenous: innate
  91. IM/IN
    not without

    • inactive
    • innocuous: not harmful or injurious
    • indolence: slothful
    • impartial
    • indigent: deficient in what is requisite
  92. INTER
    between among

    • interstate
    • interim: a temporary or provisional arrangement; meantime
    • interloper: one who intrudes in the domain of others
    • intermittent
    • intersperse: to scatter here and there
  93. JECT
    to throw to throw down

    • inject
    • dejected: sad, depressed
    • eject: expel
    • conjecture: formation of opinion on incomplete information
    • abject: utterly hopeless, humiliating, or wretched
  94. JOIN/JUNCT
    to meet to join

    • junction
    • adjoin
    • subjugate: to conquer
    • rejoinder: to reply, retort
    • junta: clique taking power after a coup d'etat
  95. JUR
    to swear

    • perjury
    • abjure: to renounce on oath
  96. LAV/LUT/LUV
    to wash

    • lavatory
    • dilute
    • pollute
    • deluge: a great flood of water
    • antediluvian: before the biblical flood
    • ablution: act of cleansing
  97. LECT/LEG
    to select to choose

    • collect
    • elect
    • select
    • eclectic: selecting ideas; etc. from various sources
    • predilection: preference, liking
  98. LEV
    lift light rise

    • relieve: to mitigate
    • alleviate
    • relevant
    • levee: embankment against river flooding
    • levitate
    • levity: humor, frivolity, gaiety
  99. LOC/LOG/LOQU
    dialogue

    • elocution: art of clear and expressive speaking
    • prologue:introduction
    • eulogy
    • colloquial
    • grandiloquent: pompous or inflated in language
    • loquacious: talkative
  100. LUC/LUM/LUS
    light

    • illustrate
    • illuminate
    • illustrious: highly distinguished
    • translucent: permitting light to pass through
    • lackluster
    • lucid: easily understood, intelligible
    • luminous
  101. MAG/MAJ/MAX
    big

    • magnify
    • magniture
    • maximum
    • magnate: a powerful or influential person
    • magnanimous: generous in forgiving an insult or injury
    • maxim: an expression of general truth or principle
  102. MAL/MALE
    bad ill evil wrong

    • malfunction
    • malicious
    • malign: to speak harmful untruths about, to slanger
    • malady: a disorder or disease of the body
    • maladroit: clumsy, tactless
    • malapropism: humorous misuse of a word
    • malfeasance: misconduct or wrongdoing often committed by a public official
    • malediction: a curse
  103. MAN
    hand

    • manual
    • manufacture
    • emancipate
    • manifest: readily perceived by the eye or the understanding
    • mandate
  104. MIN
    small

    • minute
    • minutiae: small or trivial details
    • minature
    • diminish
    • diminution: to act or process of diminishing
  105. MIN
    to project to hang over

    • eminent: towering above others; projecting
    • imminent
    • prominent
    • preeminent: superior to or notable above all others
    • minatory: menacing, threatening
  106. MIS/MIT
    to send

    • transmit
    • emissary: a messenger or agent sent to represent the interests of another
    • intermittent
    • remit
    • remission: a lessening of intensity or degree
  107. MISC
    mixed

    • miscellaneous
    • miscegenation: the interbreeding of races, esp. marriage between white and nonwhite persons
    • promiscuous: consisting of diverse and unrelated parts or individuals
  108. MON/MONIT
    to remind to warn

    • monument
    • monitor
    • summon: to call together; convene
    • admonish: to counsel against something; caution
    • remonstrate: to say or plead in protect, objection, or reproof
    • premonition: forewarning, presentiment
  109. MORPH
    shape

    • amorphous: without definite shape
    • metamorphosis: a transformation, as by magic or sorcery
    • anthropomorphism: attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects, animals, or natural phenomena
  110. MORT
    death

    • immortal
    • morbid: susceptible to preoccupation with unwholesome matters
    • moribund: dying, decaying
  111. MUT
    change

    • commute: to substitute; exhange; interchange
    • mutation
    • transmutation: the act of changing from one form into another
    • permutation: a complete change; transformation
    • immutable: unchangeable
  112. NAT/NAS/NAI
    to be born

    • natural
    • native: innate
    • naive: lacking worldliness and sophistication; artless
    • cognate: related by blood; having a common ancestor
    • renaissance: rebirth, esp. referring to culture
    • nascent: starting to develop
  113. NIC/NOC/NOX
    harm

    • innocent
    • noxious: injurious or harmful to health or moral
    • obnoxious: highly disagreeable or offensive
    • innocuous: having no adverse effect; harmless
  114. NOM
    rule order

    • astronomy
    • economy
    • gastronomy
    • taxonomy: the science, laws, or principles of classification
    • autonomy: independent, self-governance
  115. NOM/NYM/NOUN/NOWN
    name

    • synonym
    • anonymous
    • nominal: existing in name only; negligible
    • nominate
    • nomenclature: a system of names; systematic naming
    • acronym
  116. NOUNC/NUNC
    to announce

    • announce
    • pronounce
    • renounce
  117. NOV/NEO/NOU
    new

    • novice
    • renovate: to restore to an earlier condition
    • innovate
    • neologism: a newly coined word, phrase, or expression
    • neophyte: a recent convert
    • nouveau riche
  118. OB/OC/OF/OP
    toward to against over

    • obese: corpulent
    • obstinate

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