World History Semester Exam
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World History Semester Exam
What does the term vernacular mean?
Native Language Slang
Roughly what time period does the Renaissance cover?
The printing press was invented by who?
The followers of John Knox were known as?
What was the Renaissance?
Revival of art and learning
What was the first full size book that Gutenburg printed?
What was a Renaissance man?
A man who excelled in many fields
What was the practice of selling indulgences?
Released a sinner from performing the penalty that was imposed for sins
Who named himself head of the English Church?
What was the main reason for Henry the VIII's split from the Catholic Church?
Henry's many marriages
What were Europeans main motives for making voyages of exploration?
New trade routes
Who conquered Aztec Empire?
Why did the Europeans see Africans as better source of labor then the Native Americans?
They are immuned to diseases
Where in the Americas did Christopher Columbus land first?
What was the encomienda system and what did it provoke for Spain?
Native Americans are forced to work and free labor
What European country was the first to import enslaved Africans to the Americas?
What concept was the belief in divine right used to support?
Idea that God created a monarchy
The heliocentric, or sun-centered theory was proposed by who?
Francis Bacon helped develop what?
New Scientific Method
Isaac Newton explained what law?
Theory of Motion
The idea of direct democracy was explained in what book?
On the Spirit of Laws
The Declaration of Independence was written by who?
The Bill of Rights was influenced by what thinker?
Voltaire, Rousseau, and Locke
Put the following events in order: Constitutional Convention, French/Indian War, Stamp Act, and Navigation Act.
Navigation Act, French/Indian War, Stamp Act, and Constitutional Convention
What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S constitution?
His political theory
Which document stated "men are born and remain free and equal in rights"?
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizens
During the Reign of Terror, who was safe from the guillotine?
Vote of the people
What strategy did Czar Alexander I use to defeat Napoleon in Russia?
One of Ramanticism's greatest composers was?
George Gordon or Lord Byron
This man led a revolt of enslaved Africans in Saint Domingue?
What was the industrial revolution?
Greatly increased output of machine made goods
What were three factore of production required to drive the industrial revolution?
Land, Labor, and Capital (wealth)
What is the laissez-faire policy?
Lets owners of industry and business set working conditions without interference
What is the name for voluntary associations of workers seeking labor reforms?
What were the Zionists?
Movement founded in 1890s to promote the establishment of Jewish homeland in Palestine
What does it mean to be a dominion?
Self governing in domestic affairs
Why did Great Britain establish a penal colony in Australia?
Place send convicts to serve their sentence
Who was the American inventor and industrialist who made factory production more efficient by introducing the assembly line?
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
Declared that all slaves in Confederat states are free
What concept is the theory of evolution base on?
Who was the British women who formed the Women's Social and Political Union in the Early 1900's?
What policy or action led to the Trail of Tears?
Indian Removal Act of 1830
What event provoked the succession of the Southern States from the United States?
Lincoln promising the stop of slavery
Why was the work of Louis Pasteur important in the history of medicine?
Why was India called "the jewel in the crown"?
Produce raw materials
What was the main reason for the Crimean War?
To give Russia a Warm-water port
What happened as a result of the Berlin Conference in 1984-1985?
Ethnic groups forced to be near eachother because of the new boundaries created, fought.
Why did Britain take control of the Suez Canal?
Oversaw financial control of the canal, also the canal connected the Red Sea and the Mediteranean Sea
What is Geopolitics? Name an event in history that illustrates it.
Taking land for its strategic location, Crimean War
Why did Britain sell Opium to China?
Only thing to trade and to get people addicted to the drug
What was the purpose of the Monroe Doctrine?
So Americans wouldnt be colonized anymore
Spain lost control of Cuba as a result of what war?
What was Benito Juarez most remembered for?
Politics of Mexico
What is the policy of glorifying power and keeping an army prepared for war called?
What region was refered to as the "Powder Keg" of Europe?
Who led Germany during the last decade of the 1800's and most of WWI?
Kaiser Wilhem II
What was the Schlieffen Plan?
Attacking and defeating France in West and rushing East to Russia
Which nation's actions caused the United States to fight in World War I?
What did the war become once participating countries began devoting all their resources to the war effort?
What were the fourteen points?
Wilson's outlined a plan for achieving lasting peace after WWI
Who was forced to assume full responsibility for the war under the Treaty of Versallies?
What was the goal of the Allies Gallipoli campaign?
What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to?
Germans would sink ships without any warnings
How did the Treaty of Versailles effect post war Germany?
Left people in poor living conditions
What is the link between militarism and imperialism?
Dominate countries and are always ready to fight
What event in Sarajevo ignited the Great War?
Shooting of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Sophie (his wife)
What was the trench warfare intended to accomplish?
Protect themselves from enemy fire
Who were the Bolsheviks?
Group of revolutionary Russian Marxists who took control of government in November 1917
What were soviets under Russia's provisional government?
Local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers
What is a totalitarian state?
Government that take total control, over public and private aspects
What was the purpose of the Soviet's states five-year plans?
Development of Soviet Unions Economy
What group was known for taking a 6000 mile long journey known as the long march?
Who lead the famous protest known as the Salt March?
Mohandas K. Gandhi
How did Czar Alexander III and Nicholas II deal with calls for reform?
Dispanded them, they didn't want reforms
Under the Traty of Versailles, who did the Allies give Chinese territories to that had previously been controlled by Germany?
Whose territory of relativitly replaced Newton's comforting belief in a world run by absolute laws of motion and gravity?
Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity
After WWI, most Europena nations had what type of government, if only temporary?
What event marked the beginning of the Great Depression?
Stock Marcket crashing
Il Duce was the title of what leader?
What German political party sought to overturn the Treaty of Versailles and combat Communism?
What term was used to identify the alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan?
What does Facism stress?
Emphasized obedience and loyalty
What was the policy of Appeasement?
Giving into an agressor to keep the peace
What impact did the radio have after the war?
Spread Patriotism and Propaganda
In what way was Japan different from its allies Italy and Germany?
What prompted Great Britain and France to declare war on Germany?
Invasion of Poland
What was the major cause of the collapse of the stock market?
Selling of millions of stocks and no one to wanting/willing to buy them
What was a blitzkrieg?
Ggermany's new military strategy
What crucial lesson was learned in the Battle of Britain?
Britain has strong resistance
What event occured on the day described as "a date which will live in infamy"?
Bombing of Pearl Harbor
What was the significant about the Battle of Midway?
U.S destroyed Japans naval fleet and the retreated
What battle marked the final German offensive?
Battle of the Buldge
Where were the atomic bombs dropped?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Name one location of a Nazi extermination camp?
Which of the following was addressed at the Nuremburg Trials?
22 Nazi leaders were tried for War Crimes
What was the goal of Hitler's final solution?
Eliminate the Jews
How did the Lend-Lease Act benefit the United States?
Helped out their Allies
Why did President Truman agree to use the atomic bomb?
Prevent more soldiers from dying and cause Japan to surrender